2019-2020 Undergraduate Academic Catalog

Academic Catalog

Environmental Science

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Majors

Environmental Science Major

Emphasis

Environmental Chemistry Emphasis

Freshwater Resources Emphasis

Wildlife Biology Emphasis

Concentrations

Environmental Science Concentration

The degree program in environmental science is an interdisciplinary major overseen by the Departments of Biology and Chemistry featuring both introductory and advanced courses. This major brings knowledge of basic sciences to work on the issues of use and abuse of natural resources and puts an emphasis on water as a resource.
 
The environmental science curricula takes advantage of rapidly expanding knowledge in ecology, molecular and cell biology, environmental chemistry and instrumentation to prepare students for the myriad career paths open to well-prepared environmental scientists. The concentration in environmental science allows students to pursue another major in tandem with their interest in the environment. In addition, the three emphases in environmental chemistry, freshwater resources and wildlife biology allow students to choose those areas to study in more depth. The environmental science major is closely tied to studies in biology, and students may major in both.
 
With a baccalaureate degree, graduates may pursue direct employment as high school earth science teachers, governmental field technicians, industrial or municipal water and wastewater technicians, field analysts for engineering and environmental consulting companies, or conservation technicians, just to name a few career paths. With graduate preparation, students can aspire to leadership positions in remediation, regulation and protection with local, state, federal or global governments, and as research scientists, environmental planners and environmental lawyers. Many graduate schools now offer cross-discipline opportunities for environmental science majors in health-related disciplines such as toxicology, epidemiology and public health.

Environmental Science Major

Degree Type Offered: B.S. Major

The bachelor of science degree in environmental science consists of 47–50 credits of courses in biology, chemistry and mathematics. The following courses are required (38 credits):

BIOL-110 Principles of Biology I

BIOL-111 Principles of Biology II

BIOL-350 Ecology

CHEM-161 General Chemistry I

CHEM-162 General Chemistry II

MATH-130 Survey of Calculus

-or-

MATH-131 Calculus I

MATH-140 Introduction to Statistics

-or-

BIOL-330 Biostatistics

ENVR-101 Introduction to Environmental Sciences

ENVR/BIOL-301 Principles of Environmental Science

ENVR-270 Chemistry of the Environment

-or-

ENVR-320 Analytical Environmental Chemistry

The remaining 9–12 credits must come from three additional ENVR, BIOL, or CHEM courses numbered above 300 from the following list:

BIOL-316 Ornithology: the Biology of Birds

BIOL-321 Herpetology

BIOL-322 Mammalogy

BIOL-330 Biostatistics

BIOL-335 Summer Flora

BIOL-340 Botany

BIOL-360 Environmental Physiology

BIOL/ENVR-365 Field Biology & Natural History

BIOL-420 Plant Taxonomy

BIOL-422 Biogeography

BIOL-440 Animal Behavior

ENVR-305 Natural Resource & Environmental Law

ENVR/BIOL-312W Wildlife Ecology and Management

ENVR-320 Analytical Environmental Chemistry

ENVR-330 Introduction to Geographical Information Systems

ENVR/BIOL-401 Environmental Microbiology

ENVR/BIOL-402 Conservation Biology

ENVR/BIOL-433 Biology & Management of Fishes

ENVR/BIOL-435 Freshwater Ecology

GEOL-330 Soil and Hydrogeology

Three credits may be used from ENVR 490, ENVR 491, or ENVR 499 as electives while Internship (480) cannot be used. Students wishing to double major in biology and environmental science or in chemistry and environmental science may not overlap or double count the electives selected in the environmental science plan of major to the other major.

Environmental Chemistry Emphasis

Degree Type Offered: Emphasis

The environmental chemistry emphasis allows students majoring in environmental science or biology to pursue additional depth of preparation in a unique combination of courses. Students learn chemical techniques, analytics, sampling methods and instrumentation which are relevant to the understanding of environmental issues. Learning to find trace atmospheric, soil and water-borne constituents of either human or natural origin are critical to identifying potential pollutants in water, soil and the organic tissues of living organisms. This emphasis gives students distinctive training in chemical analysis of the
environment.
 
The following courses are required:

CHEM-305 Organic Chemistry I

-and-

CHEM-306 Organic Chemistry II

-or-

CHEM-310 Organic Chemistry II & Spectroscopy

ENVR-320 Analytical Environmental Chemistry

GEOL-330 Soil and Hydrogeology

Choose two:

CHEM-380 Instrumental Analysis

ENVR/BIOL-360 Environmental Physiology

ENVR-401 Environmental Microbiology

Freshwater Resources Emphasis

Degree Type Offered: Emphasis

The freshwater resources emphasis allows students majoring in environmental science or biology to focus on availability, ecology and protection of water resources. While water is a basic resource for all life, many human activities degrade water quality requiring specialists who are able to help maintain water quality. This emphasis allows students to delve into the issues of water quality from a biological, chemical and geological perspective.

ENVR-320 Analytical Environmental Chemistry

ENVR/BIOL-435 Freshwater Ecology

Choose three:

ENVR/BIOL-433 Biology & Management of Fishes

ENVR/BIOL-401 Environmental Microbiology

ENVR/BIOL-370 Stormwater Management and Nonpoint Source Pollution

ENVR-330 Introduction to Geographical Information Systems

GEOL-330 Soil and Hydrogeology

Wildlife Biology Emphasis

Degree Type Offered: Emphasis

The wildlife biology emphasis allows students wanting the breadth of the biology or environmental science major to also focus in areas of wildlife biology and management. In this program, students take 11–17 additional credits on top of their major to specialize in wildlife. The program offers directed study in wildlife management and techniques, botany, zoology, and policy and ethics. This program along with the biology or environmental science major and the general education requirements supports students wishing to pursue careers with state and federal agencies, graduate degree programs in wildlife biology, as well as those who wish to pursue Wildlife Biologist Certification through the Wildlife Society.
 
Consists of 23 credits. The requirements are as follows:

Wildlife Management and Techniques

Take one course:

BIOL/ENVR-312W Wildlife Ecology and Management

BIOL/ENVR-365 Field Biology & Natural History

BIOL/ENVR-402 Conversation Biology

Molecules, Anatomy and Physiology

Take one course:

BIOL-309 Genetics

BIOL-311 Animal Physiology

BIOL-325 Molecular Biology of the Cell

BIOL/ENVR-360 Environmental Physiology

BIOL-412 Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy

Botany

Take one course:

BIOL-335 Summer Flora

BIOL-340 Botany

BIOL-420 Plant Taxonomy

Zoology/Organisms

Take two courses:

BIOL-316 Ornithology: the Biology of Birds

BIOL-321 Herpetology

BIOL-322 Mammalogy

BIOL/ENVR-433 Biology & Management of Fishes

BIOL-440 Animal Behavior

Policy/Ethics

Take one course:

PHIL-235E Bioethics

PHIL-320E Professional Ethics

ENVR-234E Wildlife Ethics

ENVR-305 Natural Resource & Environmental Law

Environmental Science Concentration

Degree Type Offered: Concentration

The concentration in environmental science allows students in majors across any discipline to examine critically the issues around human use and abuse of natural resources.

The following courses are required:

ENVR-101 Introduction to Environmental Sciences

ENVR/BIOL-301 Principles of Environmental Science

Choose two from the following list:

ENVR-270 Chemistry of the Environment

ENVR-320 Analytical Environmental Chemistry

GEOL-330 Soil and Hydrogeology

ENVR-305 Natural Resource & Environmental Law

ENVR/BIOL-312W Wildlife Ecology and Management

BIOL-316 Ornithology: the Biology of Birds

BIOL-321 Herpetology

BIOL-322 Mammalogy

BIOL-335 Summer Flora

BIOL-340 Botany

BIOL/ENVR-360 Environmental Physiology

ENVR-330 Introduction to Geographical Information Systems

ENVR/BIOL-401 Environmental Microbiology

ENVR-402 Conservation Biology

ENVR/BIOL-433 Biology & Management of Fishes

ENVR/BIOL-435 Freshwater Ecology

Students may not double count the courses in the elective list for the environmental science concentration on any other plan of major or minor.

The Smithsonian-Mason Semester for Conservation Studies

Bridgewater College is a member institution of the Smithsonian-Mason Semester which is run by George Mason University out of the Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute (SCBI) in Front Royal, Va. In this program, students live on the SCBI campus (a world-class conservation research facility) and learn about the theory and application of conservation biology (including the social, political and economic dimensions). Students participate in one of two 16 credit hour programs: Wildlife Ecology and Conservation or Conservation, Biodiversity and Society (for any student interested in conservation). Interested students should visit the program’s website (smconservation.gmu.edu/programs/undergraduate) and contact the Department of Biology.
Both programs are appropriate for juniors and seniors. There are no specific prerequisite classes for Conservation, Biodiversity and Society. That program is open to all majors. The Wildlife Ecology and Conservation semester has Ecology (BIOL-350) as a prerequisite.

Courses

ENVR-101 Introduction to Environmental Sciences

ENVR-234E Wildlife Ethics

ENVR-256 Conservation Biology of Florida

ENVR-270 Chemistry of the Environment

ENVR-301 Principles of Environmental Science

ENVR-305 Natural Resource & Environmental Law

ENVR-312W Wildlife Ecology and Management

ENVR-320 Analytical Environmental Chemistry

ENVR-324 Alternative Energy and Scandinavia

ENVR-330 Introduction to Geographical Information Systems

ENVR-360 Environmental Physiology

ENVR-365 Field Biology & Natural History

ENVR-370 Stormwater Management and Nonpoint Source Pollution

ENVR-401 Environmental Microbiology

ENVR-402 Conservation Biology

ENVR-433 Biology & Management of Fishes

ENVR-435 Freshwater Ecology

ENVR-461 Independent Research

ENVR-462 Independent Research

ENVR-480 Internship

ENVR-490 Independent Study

ENVR-491 Research

ENVR-499 Honors Project