Academic Catalog

2019-2020 Undergraduate Academic Catalog

Music

App View

Majors

Music Major

Minors

Music Minor

Emphasis

Church Music Emphasis for Music Majors

Teacher Licensure

Endorsement in Music Education- Instrumental and Vocal (PreK–12)

In the Department of Music at Bridgewater College, you will be quickly immersed into a supportive musical environment that will help you hone your skills to reach your musical goals. Through ensembles, applied lessons, and academic music courses, you will explore many facets in the field of music.

Ensembles on campus are open to all students on campus, regardless of major.  The Chorale and the Jazz Ensemble are open for all students to audition.  

Music majors may specialize in Music Performance or Music Pedagogy (leading to certification to teach vocal and/or instrumental music in the public schools). The music minor has the flexibility to fit the interest and goals of all students.

Numerous exciting courses offered by the Department of Music meet the College’s general education requirement in fine arts.

Music Major

Degree Type Offered: B.A. Major

A bachelor of arts degree consisting of 46-48 credit hours. Students must complete 36 credits of core courses and 10-12 credits from one of the three tracks (music performance- vocal, music performance-instrumental or music pedagogy).

Core Courses

MUS-115 Keyboard Skills I

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Fall Only

Pentascales, major scales, and chord progressions. Harmonization of pentascale melodies, sight reading, score reading, solo repertoire, improvisation, and transposition at a beginner level. Students may place out of this course with a satisfactory performance on a playing test. Corequisite: MUS-225

MUS-116 Keyboard Skills II

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Spring Only

Major scales and chord progressions. Harmonization of melodies, sight reading, score reading, solo repertoire, improvisation, and transposition at a late beginner level. Prerequisites: MUS-115 or a satisfactory performance on a playing test Corequisite: MUS-226

MUS-215 Keyboard Skills III

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Fall Only

Minor scales and chord progressions. Harmonization of melodies with secondary chords, sight reading, score reading, solo repertoire, improvisation, and transposition at an early intermediate level. Prerequisites: MUS-116 or a satisfactory performance on a playing test Corequisite: MUS-345

MUS-216 Keyboard Skills IV

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Spring Only

Minor scales and chord progressions. Harmonization of melodies with secondary dominants, sight reading, score reading, solo repertoire, improvisation, and transposition at an intermediate level. Prepares the student for the keyboard proficiency examination. Prerequisites: MUS-215 or a satisfactory performance on a playing test

MUS-220 Introduction to Western Music

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Listening and learning to recognize forms, styles, composers, and works in Western music from the early Christian era to the present. Corequisite: FILA-150 or FILA-350EW FILA general education: fine arts & music

MUS-225 Theory and Aural Skills I

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Diatonic harmony, voice leading and phrase structure. Aural skills include sight singing and melodic dictation. Prerequisites: MUS-110

MUS-226 Theory and Aural Skills II

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Continuation of harmony and voice leading with an exploration of secondary functions. Analyses of classical forms including sonata and rondo. Aural skills include sight singing and melodic dictation. Prerequisites: MUS-225

MUS-320 Basic Conducting

Credits: 2 Term Offered: Spring Only

An introduction to basic conducting skills including posture, patterns, left hand technique, baton technique, non-verbal communication, conducting terminology, transpositions, and score reading. Alternate years: offered 2019-2020

MUS-343 Music Arranging

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Band and orchestral instruments and voices, and their classifications, ranges and general use. The course includes writing and arranging music for vocal and instrumental solos and ensembles. Prerequisite or corequisite: MUS-226 Offered alternate years

MUS-345 Theory and Aural Skills III

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Exploration of chromatic harmony, modal mixture, the Neapolitan chord, augmented sixth chords, and musical forms including variations and fugue. Introduction to post-tonal harmony. Aural skills include sight singing and melodic dictation. Prerequisite: MUS-226

MUS-380 Exploration of Western Music

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

An in-depth study of Western music history from the medieval to modern eras through the analysis of scores, primary sources, and historical essays. This course builds on MUS-220 by investigating canonical works, by introducing lesser-known composers, and by delving more deeply into the details of the stylistic evolution of Western classical music. Students are expected to analyze scores, and so the ability to read music is required. Prerequisite: MUS-220

MUS-450 Senior Recital

Credits: 1 Term Offered:

As the final capstone of the music major, the senior recital is a presentation of a recital consisting of 40 minutes of music on one's primary instrument or voice, in coordination with the applied lesson teacher. Prerequisites: Senior standing, music major or minor or permission of the instructor

6 credit hours in applied music in the major performance area (300-level)

5 credit hours of ensembles

Music Performance – Vocal (Track 1) 46 Credits Total

MUS-210 Voice Methods

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Spring Only

Development of the singing voice: posture, breathing, vowels, consonants, intonation, placement and resonance; English, German, French and Italian diction; and choral and solo literature in several styles. Practical methods in teaching vocal music. Prerequisite: music major or permission of the instructor

MUS-321 Vocal Diction

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Spring Only

Study of the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) and its application to the four major singing languages: French, German, Italian, and English. Students will learn the basics of singer's diction for each of these languages and demonstrate their knowledge through written examination, speaking, and singing. Alternate years: offered 2019-2020

MUS-322 Choral Literature

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Fall Only

This course provides a general survey of choral literature from 1450 to the present day. Standard repertoire, programming and curriculum planning, resource development, and organizational strategies will be explored in order to develop skills for selecting appropriate choral literature for elementary through high school, community, and church choral ensembles.

MUS-350 Junior Recital

Credits: 1 Term Offered:

Presentation of a recital consisting of 20 minutes of music on one's primary instrument or voice, in coordination with the applied lesson teacher. Prerequisites: Junior Standing, music major or minor or permission of the instructor

Choose at least 6 credits from the following courses:

MUS-201 Piano

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Applied music lesson. The expectation is that the student will practice at least three hours per week. May be repeated for credit. Additional fee.

(May be taken twice for credit)

MUS-208 Guitar

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Applied music lesson. The expectation is that the student will practice at least three hours per week. May be repeated for credit. Additional fee.

(May be taken twice for credit)

MUS-232 American Music

Credits: 3 Term Offered: May Term

American musical life from colonial times to the present. Samplings include music following both the European classical tradition (operatic, choral, symphonic, etc.) and America's popular tradition (ragtime, jazz, rock, etc.). Specific topics in the general areas are treated in detail by individual research. Corequisite: FILA-150 or FILA-350EW FILA general education: fine arts and music

MUS-233 Social History of Jazz in America

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Examines how jazz music has mirrored the social history of the American people, reflecting ethnic and racial influences, historic events, and cultural change. Examines the history, styles and techniques of American jazz through lecture, audio and video recordings, and live demonstrations. Increases the appreciation and enjoyment of jazz. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350EW FILA general education: fine arts & music (Cross-listed as SOC-233)

MUS-235 Music in Latin America

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Provides an introduction to music throughout Latin America through a close examination of five large musical regions: Brazil, Southern Cone and the Andean Region, The Caribbean Region, Central America, and Mexico. Over the semester students will become familiar with the different styles and repertoires of these regions. Students will study the historical background and social functions of these styles, as well as relevant composers, performers, and musical instruments. Different social classes will be included, from indigenous ritual music to Western Art (Classical) music by Latin American composers. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350EW FILA general education: world cultures

COMM/MUS-309X Audio Production

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

This course provides a hands-on introduction to the world of modern multi-track recording. Students will gain experience with the equipment fundamental to audio engineering and production, including recording consoles, microphones, equalizers, time-based effects and Avid Pro Tools; the industry standard digital audio workstation. Participants will engage in a variety of projects which demonstrate the breadth of activity of an audio engineer. These include creating a podcast and engaging in a series of real world sessions with professional recording artists. Through these sessions, the techniques of recording, editing, mixing and mastering audio will be explored. Prerequisite: COMM-100 FILA general education: experiential learning Meets first 12 weeks.(Cross-listed as COMM-309X)

MUS-346 Advanced Theory

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Topics include enharmonic reinterpretation, chromatic modulation, altered dominants, synthetic scales, set theory and twelve-tone serialism. Prerequisites: MUS-345 Offered on demand

MUS-362 Counterpoint

Credits: 2 Term Offered: Spring Only

Introduction to the art of composing polyphonic music. Includes exploration of 16th century and 18th century styles. Prerequisites: MUS-226 Offered on demand

MUS-400 Composition

Credits: 2 Term Offered: Spring Only

The study and practice of musical composition, both traditional and modern. Prerequisite: MUS 226 Offered on demand

MUS-421 Choral Conducting and Methods

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Elements of choral conducting, use of the baton, score reading, the organization and administration of ensembles, and the conducting of suitable literature for those organizations and combined choral and instrumental ensembles. Prerequisite: MUS-226 Offered alternate years

THEA-325 Acting

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Acting provides the student with an organized and practical approach to acting. A systematic approach to acting through a thorough examination and application of Konstantin Stanislavski's system of acting with in depth attention to the technique of the actor and their use of body and voice. Textual analysis, scene work, monologues, auditioning, performance pieces, and various training exercises will be used. No theatre experience is necessary. Corequisite: FILA-150 or FILA-350EW Offered alternate years FILA general education: fine arts & music

Music Performance – Instrumental (Track 2) 46-47 credits total

MUS-350 Junior Recital

Credits: 1 Term Offered:

Presentation of a recital consisting of 20 minutes of music on one's primary instrument or voice, in coordination with the applied lesson teacher. Prerequisites: Junior Standing, music major or minor or permission of the instructor

Choose at least 6 credits from the following:

MUS-232 American Music

Credits: 3 Term Offered: May Term

American musical life from colonial times to the present. Samplings include music following both the European classical tradition (operatic, choral, symphonic, etc.) and America's popular tradition (ragtime, jazz, rock, etc.). Specific topics in the general areas are treated in detail by individual research. Corequisite: FILA-150 or FILA-350EW FILA general education: fine arts and music

MUS/SOC-233 Social History of Jazz in America

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Examines how jazz music has mirrored the social history of the American people, reflecting ethnic and racial influences, historic events, and cultural change. Examines the history, styles and techniques of American jazz through lecture, audio and video recordings, and live demonstrations. Increases the appreciation and enjoyment of jazz. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350EW FILA general education: fine arts & music (Cross-listed as SOC-233)

MUS/COMM-309X Audio Production

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

This course provides a hands-on introduction to the world of modern multi-track recording. Students will gain experience with the equipment fundamental to audio engineering and production, including recording consoles, microphones, equalizers, time-based effects and Avid Pro Tools; the industry standard digital audio workstation. Participants will engage in a variety of projects which demonstrate the breadth of activity of an audio engineer. These include creating a podcast and engaging in a series of real world sessions with professional recording artists. Through these sessions, the techniques of recording, editing, mixing and mastering audio will be explored. Prerequisite: COMM-100 FILA general education: experiential learning Meets first 12 weeks.(Cross-listed as COMM-309X)

MUS-323 Band Literature

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Fall Only

A study of the literature of the wind band from 1500 to the present day. Standard repertoire, performance practice and conducting considerations are discussed in order to develop skills for selecting appropriate music for middle school through advanced high school bands. Offered alternate years

MUS-346 Advanced Theory

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Topics include enharmonic reinterpretation, chromatic modulation, altered dominants, synthetic scales, set theory and twelve-tone serialism. Prerequisites: MUS-345 Offered on demand

MUS-362 Counterpoint

Credits: 2 Term Offered: Spring Only

Introduction to the art of composing polyphonic music. Includes exploration of 16th century and 18th century styles. Prerequisites: MUS-226 Offered on demand

MUS-400 Composition

Credits: 2 Term Offered: Spring Only

The study and practice of musical composition, both traditional and modern. Prerequisite: MUS 226 Offered on demand

MUS-445 Chamber Music

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Small groups of brass, strings, guitars, percussion, woodwinds, vocalists, handbells and mixed ensembles. Groups perform on and off campus. Prerequisites: Permission of instructor

(May be taken twice for credit)

MUS 201-208 Applied Lessons in any secondary instrument (1 credit) (May be taken twice for credit)

MUS-201 Piano

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Applied music lesson. The expectation is that the student will practice at least three hours per week. May be repeated for credit. Additional fee.

MUS-202 Organ

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Applied music lesson. The expectation is that the student will practice at least three hours per week. May be repeated for credit. Additional fee.

MUS-203 Voice

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Applied music lesson. The expectation is that the student will practice at least three hours per week. May be repeated for credit. Additional fee.

MUS-204 Woodwind

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Applied music lesson. The expectation is that the student will practice at least three hours per week. May be repeated for credit. Additional fee.

MUS-205 Brass

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Applied music lesson. The expectation is that the student will practice at least three hours per week. May be repeated for credit. Additional fee.

MUS-206 Percussion

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Applied music lesson. The expectation is that the student will practice at least three hours per week. May be repeated for credit. Additional fee.

MUS-207 Strings

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Applied music lesson. The expectation is that the student will practice at least three hours per week. May be repeated for credit. Additional fee.

MUS-208 Guitar

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Applied music lesson. The expectation is that the student will practice at least three hours per week. May be repeated for credit. Additional fee.

Choose at least 3-4 credits from the following:

MUS-211 Brass Methods

Credits: 2 Term Offered: Fall Only

Practical course in the teaching, playing, and care of brass instruments. Prerequisite: Music major or permission of the instructor Corequisite: MUS-214 Prerequisite: music major or permission of the instructor Offered alternate years

MUS-212 Woodwinds Methods

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Spring Only

Practical course in the teaching, playing, and care of woodwind instruments. Prerequisite: Music major or permission of the instructor Offered alternate years

MUS-213 String Methods

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Fall Only

Practical course in the teaching, playing, and care of string instruments. Prerequisite: Music major or permission of the instructor Offered alternate years

MUS-214 Percussion Methods

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Fall Only

Practical course in the teaching, playing, and care of percussion instruments. Prerequisite: Music major or permission of the instructor Corequisite: MUS-211 Offered alternate years

Music Pedagogy – (Track 3) 48 credits total

MUS-140 Introduction to Music Education

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Fall Only

This introductory seminar in Music Education is designed to provide an introduction to the music teaching profession to supplement the EDUC-140 curriculum. Emphasis will be on the historical development of music education, qualities of effective teaching in music, the National Core Arts Standards and the Virginia Music Standards of Learning. Corequisite: EDUC-140

MUS-210 Voice Methods

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Spring Only

Development of the singing voice: posture, breathing, vowels, consonants, intonation, placement and resonance; English, German, French and Italian diction; and choral and solo literature in several styles. Practical methods in teaching vocal music. Prerequisite: music major or permission of the instructor

MUS-211 Brass Methods

Credits: 2 Term Offered: Fall Only

Practical course in the teaching, playing, and care of brass instruments. Prerequisite: Music major or permission of the instructor Corequisite: MUS-214 Prerequisite: music major or permission of the instructor Offered alternate years

MUS-212 Woodwinds Methods

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Spring Only

Practical course in the teaching, playing, and care of woodwind instruments. Prerequisite: Music major or permission of the instructor Offered alternate years

MUS-213 String Methods

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Fall Only

Practical course in the teaching, playing, and care of string instruments. Prerequisite: Music major or permission of the instructor Offered alternate years

MUS-214 Percussion Methods

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Fall Only

Practical course in the teaching, playing, and care of percussion instruments. Prerequisite: Music major or permission of the instructor Corequisite: MUS-211 Offered alternate years

MUS-322 Choral Literature

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Fall Only

This course provides a general survey of choral literature from 1450 to the present day. Standard repertoire, programming and curriculum planning, resource development, and organizational strategies will be explored in order to develop skills for selecting appropriate choral literature for elementary through high school, community, and church choral ensembles.

or

MUS-323 Band Literature

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Fall Only

A study of the literature of the wind band from 1500 to the present day. Standard repertoire, performance practice and conducting considerations are discussed in order to develop skills for selecting appropriate music for middle school through advanced high school bands. Offered alternate years

MUS-420 Instrumental Conducting & Methods

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Elements of instrumental conducting, use of the baton, score reading, the organization and administration of ensembles, and the conducting of suitable literature for those organizations and combined instrumental and choral ensembles. Prerequisite: MUS-226 Offered alternate years

or

MUS-421 Choral Conducting and Methods

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Elements of choral conducting, use of the baton, score reading, the organization and administration of ensembles, and the conducting of suitable literature for those organizations and combined choral and instrumental ensembles. Prerequisite: MUS-226 Offered alternate years

Licensure

For PreK-12 licensure, completion of the following professional education, music education and field experience courses and requirements, admission to the education department and passing scores on the PRAXIS Examinations:

EDUC-140 Introduction to Teaching

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Helps candidates explore the career of teaching. Emphasis on the historical, sociological and pedagogical foundations of American public education, as well as culturally responsive pedagogy with academically, culturally and linguistically diverse populations. Introduces InTASC standards and provides information about local, state and national requirements of the teaching profession.

EDUC-200 Educational Psychology

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Surveys principles of development, learning and evaluation as they relate to learners' educational growth. The study of the physical, social, emotional and intellectual development of the learner focuses on how this development relates to pedagogy, motivation, classroom management, and assessment.

EDUC-215 Diversity in the Classroom

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Explores cultural, linguistic and academic diversity, with an introduction to multicultural education. Introduction to appropriate and effective strategies for instructing these diverse learners in inclusive classroom settings. Includes a minimum 10 hours of field experience. Successful field experience is necessary for a passing grade in the class. Prerequisites: minimum 2.5 GPA, application to the TEP, have taken Praxis Core Academic Skills for Educators Tests: Mathematics, have taken or registered for the Virginia Communication and Literacy Assessment (VCLA); Sophomore standing.

EDUC-334 Literacy in the Context Area

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Helps secondary education candidates describe and develop effective content literacy strategies for academically, culturally and linguistically diverse 6-12 students. Candidates use their content area curriculum to enhance literacy development including: vocabulary development; literal, interpretive, critical and evaluative comprehension; critical thinking; writing strategies; and listening and speaking skills. Includes minimum 20 hours of field experience. Successful field experience is necessary for a passing grade in the class. Prerequisites: admission to the TEP and junior standing

EDUC-372E Classroom Management, Secondary

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Effective and efficient management of time, space and resources, including lessons and classroom behaviors, are examined as a means of promoting learning. Candidates develop a management plan that is inclusive, respectful and based upon current theory and practice. Effective organization and communication techniques are stressed. Includes a minimum of 20 hours field experience in 6-12 classroom (or in a classroom of the licensure.) Successful field experience is necessary for a passing grade in the class. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350EW, ENG-110, and admission to the TEP FILA general education: ethical reasoning

EDUC-380X Practicum in Current Teaching Techniques

Credits: 3 Term Offered: May Term & Summe

Three-week, full-day, field practicum taken immediately before student teaching. Candidates teach in a grade-level range different from their student teaching placement, but within their range of licensure and certification. Candidates teach a minimum of two times, participates in all professional activities of their classroom cooperating teacher, and engage in reflective seminars back on campus, or through online delivery. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350EW, admission to the TEP, successful completion of EDUC-371E or EDUC-372E and taken in May Term or summer before student teaching FILA general education: experiential learning Note: Those seeking ESL certification take this course the junior year but after having taken EDUC-371E or EDUC-372E.

EDUC-452 Seminar in Educational Practices, Secondary

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Taken during the student teaching experience, this course emphasizes professional licensure requirements and teacher performance standards, measuring student academic progress and collaboration models of teaching. Candidates develop various personal skills and resources, including the development of an online educational portfolio, consistent with InTASC standards for obtaining employment in the education field. Prerequisites: admission to the TEP Corequisites: EDUC-465 or EDUC-470

EDUC-470 Professional Student Teaching

Credits: 13 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Fifteen-week final field experience involving instructional planning, observation and teaching. Supervised by the classroom cooperating teacher and a college supervisor. Students are expected to assume complete responsibility for the classroom during the student teaching experience and engage in all activities related to teaching in the school community. Prerequisites: admission to the Teacher Education Program and completion of all coursework in the Teacher Education Program Corequisite: EDUC-451 or EDUC-452

MUS-422 Music Education in the Elementary School

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

For future music teachers. Introduction to the melodic and harmonic instruments used in the elementary school. Selection and presentation of songs by rote and note, rhythmic activities, creative activities, and listening materials for grades K-6. Prerequisite: MUS-226 Offered alternate years

MUS-436 Music Education in the Secondary School

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

The methodology and philosophy of teaching music in the secondary school including general music, music appreciation, music theory, and performing groups. Prerequisite: MUS-226 Offered alternate years

Music Minor

Degree Type Offered: Minor

Consists of 23 credit hours including the following courses:

MUS-220 Introduction to Western Music

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Listening and learning to recognize forms, styles, composers, and works in Western music from the early Christian era to the present. Corequisite: FILA-150 or FILA-350EW FILA general education: fine arts & music

MUS-225 Theory and Aural Skills I

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Diatonic harmony, voice leading and phrase structure. Aural skills include sight singing and melodic dictation. Prerequisites: MUS-110

MUS-226 Theory and Aural Skills II

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Continuation of harmony and voice leading with an exploration of secondary functions. Analyses of classical forms including sonata and rondo. Aural skills include sight singing and melodic dictation. Prerequisites: MUS-225

2 credit hours in applied music

4 credit hours of ensembles

And at least 8 additional credits chosen from the following :

MUS-115 Keyboard Skills I

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Fall Only

Pentascales, major scales, and chord progressions. Harmonization of pentascale melodies, sight reading, score reading, solo repertoire, improvisation, and transposition at a beginner level. Students may place out of this course with a satisfactory performance on a playing test. Corequisite: MUS-225

MUS-116 Keyboard Skills II

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Spring Only

Major scales and chord progressions. Harmonization of melodies, sight reading, score reading, solo repertoire, improvisation, and transposition at a late beginner level. Prerequisites: MUS-115 or a satisfactory performance on a playing test Corequisite: MUS-226

MUS-140 Introduction to Music Education

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Fall Only

This introductory seminar in Music Education is designed to provide an introduction to the music teaching profession to supplement the EDUC-140 curriculum. Emphasis will be on the historical development of music education, qualities of effective teaching in music, the National Core Arts Standards and the Virginia Music Standards of Learning. Corequisite: EDUC-140

MUS-232 American Music

Credits: 3 Term Offered: May Term

American musical life from colonial times to the present. Samplings include music following both the European classical tradition (operatic, choral, symphonic, etc.) and America's popular tradition (ragtime, jazz, rock, etc.). Specific topics in the general areas are treated in detail by individual research. Corequisite: FILA-150 or FILA-350EW FILA general education: fine arts and music

MUS-233 Social History of Jazz in America

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Examines how jazz music has mirrored the social history of the American people, reflecting ethnic and racial influences, historic events, and cultural change. Examines the history, styles and techniques of American jazz through lecture, audio and video recordings, and live demonstrations. Increases the appreciation and enjoyment of jazz. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350EW FILA general education: fine arts & music (Cross-listed as SOC-233)

MUS-235 Music in Latin America

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Provides an introduction to music throughout Latin America through a close examination of five large musical regions: Brazil, Southern Cone and the Andean Region, The Caribbean Region, Central America, and Mexico. Over the semester students will become familiar with the different styles and repertoires of these regions. Students will study the historical background and social functions of these styles, as well as relevant composers, performers, and musical instruments. Different social classes will be included, from indigenous ritual music to Western Art (Classical) music by Latin American composers. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350EW FILA general education: world cultures

MUS/COMM-309X Audio Production

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

This course provides a hands-on introduction to the world of modern multi-track recording. Students will gain experience with the equipment fundamental to audio engineering and production, including recording consoles, microphones, equalizers, time-based effects and Avid Pro Tools; the industry standard digital audio workstation. Participants will engage in a variety of projects which demonstrate the breadth of activity of an audio engineer. These include creating a podcast and engaging in a series of real world sessions with professional recording artists. Through these sessions, the techniques of recording, editing, mixing and mastering audio will be explored. Prerequisite: COMM-100 FILA general education: experiential learning Meets first 12 weeks.(Cross-listed as COMM-309X)

MUS-320 Basic Conducting

Credits: 2 Term Offered: Spring Only

An introduction to basic conducting skills including posture, patterns, left hand technique, baton technique, non-verbal communication, conducting terminology, transpositions, and score reading. Alternate years: offered 2019-2020

MUS-321 Vocal Diction

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Spring Only

Study of the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) and its application to the four major singing languages: French, German, Italian, and English. Students will learn the basics of singer's diction for each of these languages and demonstrate their knowledge through written examination, speaking, and singing. Alternate years: offered 2019-2020

MUS-322 Choral Literature

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Fall Only

This course provides a general survey of choral literature from 1450 to the present day. Standard repertoire, programming and curriculum planning, resource development, and organizational strategies will be explored in order to develop skills for selecting appropriate choral literature for elementary through high school, community, and church choral ensembles.

MUS-323 Band Literature

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Fall Only

A study of the literature of the wind band from 1500 to the present day. Standard repertoire, performance practice and conducting considerations are discussed in order to develop skills for selecting appropriate music for middle school through advanced high school bands. Offered alternate years

MUS-343 Music Arranging

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Band and orchestral instruments and voices, and their classifications, ranges and general use. The course includes writing and arranging music for vocal and instrumental solos and ensembles. Prerequisite or corequisite: MUS-226 Offered alternate years

MUS-345 Theory and Aural Skills III

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Exploration of chromatic harmony, modal mixture, the Neapolitan chord, augmented sixth chords, and musical forms including variations and fugue. Introduction to post-tonal harmony. Aural skills include sight singing and melodic dictation. Prerequisite: MUS-226

MUS-380 Exploration of Western Music

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

An in-depth study of Western music history from the medieval to modern eras through the analysis of scores, primary sources, and historical essays. This course builds on MUS-220 by investigating canonical works, by introducing lesser-known composers, and by delving more deeply into the details of the stylistic evolution of Western classical music. Students are expected to analyze scores, and so the ability to read music is required. Prerequisite: MUS-220

MUS-420 Instrumental Conducting & Methods

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Elements of instrumental conducting, use of the baton, score reading, the organization and administration of ensembles, and the conducting of suitable literature for those organizations and combined instrumental and choral ensembles. Prerequisite: MUS-226 Offered alternate years

or

MUS-421 Choral Conducting and Methods

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Elements of choral conducting, use of the baton, score reading, the organization and administration of ensembles, and the conducting of suitable literature for those organizations and combined choral and instrumental ensembles. Prerequisite: MUS-226 Offered alternate years

MUS-422 Music Education in the Elementary School

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

For future music teachers. Introduction to the melodic and harmonic instruments used in the elementary school. Selection and presentation of songs by rote and note, rhythmic activities, creative activities, and listening materials for grades K-6. Prerequisite: MUS-226 Offered alternate years

MUS-436 Music Education in the Secondary School

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

The methodology and philosophy of teaching music in the secondary school including general music, music appreciation, music theory, and performing groups. Prerequisite: MUS-226 Offered alternate years

MUS-445 Chamber Music

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Small groups of brass, strings, guitars, percussion, woodwinds, vocalists, handbells and mixed ensembles. Groups perform on and off campus. Prerequisites: Permission of instructor

(maximum of 2 credit hours)

Applied lessons (maximum of 2 additional credit hours)

Church Music Emphasis for Music Majors

Degree Type Offered: Emphasis

Consists of 19 credit hours including the following courses:

MUS-322 Choral Literature

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Fall Only

This course provides a general survey of choral literature from 1450 to the present day. Standard repertoire, programming and curriculum planning, resource development, and organizational strategies will be explored in order to develop skills for selecting appropriate choral literature for elementary through high school, community, and church choral ensembles.

MUS-340 Church Music

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Church music, with studies in hymnology, administration, graded choirs, choral techniques, choral literature, and worship. Offered on demand

And the remaining credit hours chosen from the following courses:

MUS-362 Counterpoint

Credits: 2 Term Offered: Spring Only

Introduction to the art of composing polyphonic music. Includes exploration of 16th century and 18th century styles. Prerequisites: MUS-226 Offered on demand

MUS-400 Composition

Credits: 2 Term Offered: Spring Only

The study and practice of musical composition, both traditional and modern. Prerequisite: MUS 226 Offered on demand

MUS-420 Instrumental Conducting & Methods

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Elements of instrumental conducting, use of the baton, score reading, the organization and administration of ensembles, and the conducting of suitable literature for those organizations and combined instrumental and choral ensembles. Prerequisite: MUS-226 Offered alternate years

-or-

MUS-421 Choral Conducting and Methods

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Elements of choral conducting, use of the baton, score reading, the organization and administration of ensembles, and the conducting of suitable literature for those organizations and combined choral and instrumental ensembles. Prerequisite: MUS-226 Offered alternate years

MUS-422 Music Education in the Elementary School

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

For future music teachers. Introduction to the melodic and harmonic instruments used in the elementary school. Selection and presentation of songs by rote and note, rhythmic activities, creative activities, and listening materials for grades K-6. Prerequisite: MUS-226 Offered alternate years

MUS-490 Independent Study

Credits: 3 Term Offered: All Terms

Upon approval of the department and the division head, a student with a cumulative grade point average of 2.20 or better may engage in an independent study or research project. One desiring to pursue independent study or research must submit a written description of the proposed work to the chair of the appropriate department and to the appropriate division head prior to the last day of the drop and add period for the semester in which the study is to be conducted. At the end of the semester, the supervising professor files with the registrar a grade for the student and a description of the work accomplished. Credit may be received for no more than three independent studies or research projects.

Endorsement in Music Education- Instrumental and Vocal (PreK–12)

Degree Type Offered: Teacher Licensure

Refer to the Music major, Track 3-Music Pedagogy requirements and additonal education courses.

Performing Ensembles

Ensemble members earn 1 credit per semester, and are expected to commit themselves to participation in the ensemble for the full academic year. A maximum of 6 credits in ensemble participation may be applied toward graduation. Students from all majors are eligible for membership in the performing ensembles.

Applied Music

Applied music lessons are taught individually and are scheduled by the instructor. They are worth 1 credit per semester and may be repeated for credit. There is a fee to register.

Anyone may register for the 200-level courses. The expectation is that the student will practice at least three hours per week. The 300-level courses are for the major performance area of a student majoring in music. The expectation is that the student will practice at least six hours per week. Non-majors may register at the 300-level by auditioning and permission from the instructor.

Courses

MUS-110 Music Fundamentals

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

No musical experience required. An introduction to reading music: scales, key signatures, intervals, rhythms, instruments and score study. Hands-on musical activities include eurhythmics, singing, and the playing of simple percussive and melodic instruments. Corequisite: FILA-150 or FILA-350EW FILA general education: fine arts & music

MUS-111 Music Fundamentals at the Piano

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

No musical experience required. A hands-on introduction to reading music at the piano: pitch, rhythm, intervals, chord progressions, key signatures, fingerings, hand position, and score study. Corequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350EW FILA general education: fine arts and music

MUS-113 Class Voice

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

This introductory course is intended for students with little prior singing experience. No music reading skills are necessary. Students study posture, breathing, articulation and resonance. By the end of the class students will have basic singing skills.

MUS-115 Keyboard Skills I

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Fall Only

Pentascales, major scales, and chord progressions. Harmonization of pentascale melodies, sight reading, score reading, solo repertoire, improvisation, and transposition at a beginner level. Students may place out of this course with a satisfactory performance on a playing test. Corequisite: MUS-225

MUS-116 Keyboard Skills II

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Spring Only

Major scales and chord progressions. Harmonization of melodies, sight reading, score reading, solo repertoire, improvisation, and transposition at a late beginner level. Prerequisites: MUS-115 or a satisfactory performance on a playing test Corequisite: MUS-226

MUS-125 Introduction to Music Education

Credits: 2 Term Offered: Spring Only

This introductory course in Music Education is designed to provide an overview of the music teaching profession, key questions and issues, and practical applications for K-12 schools. Resources presented in this class (tools, methods, language, literature) will serve as a foundation to insightful music education topics that impact the nature and value of music learning. In addition, students will explore qualities of effective teachers, guidelines for teaching and learning such as national standards and the Virginia Music Standards of Learning, and the role of a teacher in the development of young musicians. Through a stimulating and challenging environment, students will be also encouraged to reflect on the experiences and beliefs they bring to their studies.

MUS-140 Introduction to Music Education

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Fall Only

This introductory seminar in Music Education is designed to provide an introduction to the music teaching profession to supplement the EDUC-140 curriculum. Emphasis will be on the historical development of music education, qualities of effective teaching in music, the National Core Arts Standards and the Virginia Music Standards of Learning. Corequisite: EDUC-140

MUS-201 Piano

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Applied music lesson. The expectation is that the student will practice at least three hours per week. May be repeated for credit. Additional fee.

MUS-202 Organ

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Applied music lesson. The expectation is that the student will practice at least three hours per week. May be repeated for credit. Additional fee.

MUS-203 Voice

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Applied music lesson. The expectation is that the student will practice at least three hours per week. May be repeated for credit. Additional fee.

MUS-204 Woodwind

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Applied music lesson. The expectation is that the student will practice at least three hours per week. May be repeated for credit. Additional fee.

MUS-205 Brass

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Applied music lesson. The expectation is that the student will practice at least three hours per week. May be repeated for credit. Additional fee.

MUS-206 Percussion

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Applied music lesson. The expectation is that the student will practice at least three hours per week. May be repeated for credit. Additional fee.

MUS-207 Strings

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Applied music lesson. The expectation is that the student will practice at least three hours per week. May be repeated for credit. Additional fee.

MUS-208 Guitar

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Applied music lesson. The expectation is that the student will practice at least three hours per week. May be repeated for credit. Additional fee.

MUS-210 Voice Methods

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Spring Only

Development of the singing voice: posture, breathing, vowels, consonants, intonation, placement and resonance; English, German, French and Italian diction; and choral and solo literature in several styles. Practical methods in teaching vocal music. Prerequisite: music major or permission of the instructor

MUS-211 Brass Methods

Credits: 2 Term Offered: Fall Only

Practical course in the teaching, playing, and care of brass instruments. Prerequisite: Music major or permission of the instructor Corequisite: MUS-214 Prerequisite: music major or permission of the instructor Offered alternate years

MUS-212 Woodwinds Methods

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Spring Only

Practical course in the teaching, playing, and care of woodwind instruments. Prerequisite: Music major or permission of the instructor Offered alternate years

MUS-213 String Methods

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Fall Only

Practical course in the teaching, playing, and care of string instruments. Prerequisite: Music major or permission of the instructor Offered alternate years

MUS-214 Percussion Methods

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Fall Only

Practical course in the teaching, playing, and care of percussion instruments. Prerequisite: Music major or permission of the instructor Corequisite: MUS-211 Offered alternate years

MUS-215 Keyboard Skills III

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Fall Only

Minor scales and chord progressions. Harmonization of melodies with secondary chords, sight reading, score reading, solo repertoire, improvisation, and transposition at an early intermediate level. Prerequisites: MUS-116 or a satisfactory performance on a playing test Corequisite: MUS-345

MUS-216 Keyboard Skills IV

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Spring Only

Minor scales and chord progressions. Harmonization of melodies with secondary dominants, sight reading, score reading, solo repertoire, improvisation, and transposition at an intermediate level. Prepares the student for the keyboard proficiency examination. Prerequisites: MUS-215 or a satisfactory performance on a playing test

MUS-220 Introduction to Western Music

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Listening and learning to recognize forms, styles, composers, and works in Western music from the early Christian era to the present. Corequisite: FILA-150 or FILA-350EW FILA general education: fine arts & music

MUS-225 Theory and Aural Skills I

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Diatonic harmony, voice leading and phrase structure. Aural skills include sight singing and melodic dictation. Prerequisites: MUS-110

MUS-226 Theory and Aural Skills II

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Continuation of harmony and voice leading with an exploration of secondary functions. Analyses of classical forms including sonata and rondo. Aural skills include sight singing and melodic dictation. Prerequisites: MUS-225

MUS-232 American Music

Credits: 3 Term Offered: May Term

American musical life from colonial times to the present. Samplings include music following both the European classical tradition (operatic, choral, symphonic, etc.) and America's popular tradition (ragtime, jazz, rock, etc.). Specific topics in the general areas are treated in detail by individual research. Corequisite: FILA-150 or FILA-350EW FILA general education: fine arts and music

MUS-233 Social History of Jazz in America

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Examines how jazz music has mirrored the social history of the American people, reflecting ethnic and racial influences, historic events, and cultural change. Examines the history, styles and techniques of American jazz through lecture, audio and video recordings, and live demonstrations. Increases the appreciation and enjoyment of jazz. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350EW FILA general education: fine arts & music (Cross-listed as SOC-233)

MUS-235 Music in Latin America

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Provides an introduction to music throughout Latin America through a close examination of five large musical regions: Brazil, Southern Cone and the Andean Region, The Caribbean Region, Central America, and Mexico. Over the semester students will become familiar with the different styles and repertoires of these regions. Students will study the historical background and social functions of these styles, as well as relevant composers, performers, and musical instruments. Different social classes will be included, from indigenous ritual music to Western Art (Classical) music by Latin American composers. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350EW FILA general education: world cultures

MUS-237 Introduction to Ethnomusicology

Credits: 3 Term Offered: May Term

A survey of musical practices from around the world and a study of the roles the music making plays within a cultural context. Music, culture, and the connection between the two will be understood through lecture, recordings, video, and through fieldwork involving observation and interview. Corequisite: FILA-150 or FILA-350EW FILA general education: fine arts and music

MUS-301 Piano

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Applied music lesson for students majoring in music. The expectation is that the student will practice at least six hours per week. May be repeated for credit. Additional fee.

MUS-302 Organ

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Applied music lesson for students majoring in music. The expectation is that the student will practice at least six hours per week. May be repeated for credit. Additional fee.

MUS-303 Voice

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Applied music lesson for students majoring in music. The expectation is that the student will practice at least six hours per week. May be repeated for credit. Additional fee.

MUS-304 Woodwind

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Applied music lesson for students majoring in music. The expectation is that the student will practice at least six hours per week. May be repeated for credit. Additional fee.

MUS-305 Brass

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Applied music lesson for students majoring in music. The expectation is that the student will practice at least six hours per week. May be repeated for credit. Additional fee.

MUS-306 Percussion

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Applied music lesson for students majoring in music. The expectation is that the student will practice at least six hours per week. May be repeated for credit. Additional fee.

MUS-307 Strings

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Applied music lesson for students majoring in music. The expectation is that the student will practice at least six hours per week. May be repeated for credit. Additional fee.

MUS-308 Guitar

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Applied music lesson for students majoring in music. The expectation is that the student will practice at least six hours per week. May be repeated for credit. Additional fee.

MUS-309X Audio Production

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

This course provides a hands-on introduction to the world of modern multi-track recording. Students will gain experience with the equipment fundamental to audio engineering and production, including recording consoles, microphones, equalizers, time-based effects and Avid Pro Tools; the industry standard digital audio workstation. Participants will engage in a variety of projects which demonstrate the breadth of activity of an audio engineer. These include creating a podcast and engaging in a series of real world sessions with professional recording artists. Through these sessions, the techniques of recording, editing, mixing and mastering audio will be explored. Prerequisite: COMM-100 FILA general education: experiential learning Meets first 12 weeks.(Cross-listed as COMM-309X)

MUS-320 Basic Conducting

Credits: 2 Term Offered: Spring Only

An introduction to basic conducting skills including posture, patterns, left hand technique, baton technique, non-verbal communication, conducting terminology, transpositions, and score reading. Alternate years: offered 2019-2020

MUS-321 Vocal Diction

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Spring Only

Study of the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) and its application to the four major singing languages: French, German, Italian, and English. Students will learn the basics of singer's diction for each of these languages and demonstrate their knowledge through written examination, speaking, and singing. Alternate years: offered 2019-2020

MUS-322 Choral Literature

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Fall Only

This course provides a general survey of choral literature from 1450 to the present day. Standard repertoire, programming and curriculum planning, resource development, and organizational strategies will be explored in order to develop skills for selecting appropriate choral literature for elementary through high school, community, and church choral ensembles.

MUS-323 Band Literature

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Fall Only

A study of the literature of the wind band from 1500 to the present day. Standard repertoire, performance practice and conducting considerations are discussed in order to develop skills for selecting appropriate music for middle school through advanced high school bands. Offered alternate years

MUS-329 Keyboard Pedagogy

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Separate studies of piano and organ teaching regarding teacher qualifications, teaching techniques, graded music courses, professional ethics, and recital planning. Offered on demand

MUS-340 Church Music

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Church music, with studies in hymnology, administration, graded choirs, choral techniques, choral literature, and worship. Offered on demand

MUS-343 Music Arranging

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Band and orchestral instruments and voices, and their classifications, ranges and general use. The course includes writing and arranging music for vocal and instrumental solos and ensembles. Prerequisite or corequisite: MUS-226 Offered alternate years

MUS-345 Theory and Aural Skills III

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Exploration of chromatic harmony, modal mixture, the Neapolitan chord, augmented sixth chords, and musical forms including variations and fugue. Introduction to post-tonal harmony. Aural skills include sight singing and melodic dictation. Prerequisite: MUS-226

MUS-346 Advanced Theory

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Topics include enharmonic reinterpretation, chromatic modulation, altered dominants, synthetic scales, set theory and twelve-tone serialism. Prerequisites: MUS-345 Offered on demand

MUS-350 Junior Recital

Credits: 1 Term Offered:

Presentation of a recital consisting of 20 minutes of music on one's primary instrument or voice, in coordination with the applied lesson teacher. Prerequisites: Junior Standing, music major or minor or permission of the instructor

MUS-362 Counterpoint

Credits: 2 Term Offered: Spring Only

Introduction to the art of composing polyphonic music. Includes exploration of 16th century and 18th century styles. Prerequisites: MUS-226 Offered on demand

MUS-371 Music in Film

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

A historical survey of film music beginning with accompaniments performed live during the silent era, the evolution of the classic symphonic Hollywood film score, exploration in pop, jazz and rock scores, and more recent trends in ambient and electronic music. The course will also explore traditional techniques in film scoring such as the use of leitmotifs and Mickey Mousing.

MUS-380 Exploration of Western Music

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

An in-depth study of Western music history from the medieval to modern eras through the analysis of scores, primary sources, and historical essays. This course builds on MUS-220 by investigating canonical works, by introducing lesser-known composers, and by delving more deeply into the details of the stylistic evolution of Western classical music. Students are expected to analyze scores, and so the ability to read music is required. Prerequisite: MUS-220

MUS-390 Special Topics: Major Composers

Credits: 2 Term Offered: Spring Only

Studies focused on one or more great composers. Analyses of scores and recordings as well as historical documents such as reviews, interviews, memoirs and manuscripts. May be taken more than once for credit if the featured composers are different each time. Prerequisites: MUS-110

MUS-400 Composition

Credits: 2 Term Offered: Spring Only

The study and practice of musical composition, both traditional and modern. Prerequisite: MUS 226 Offered on demand

MUS-420 Instrumental Conducting & Methods

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Elements of instrumental conducting, use of the baton, score reading, the organization and administration of ensembles, and the conducting of suitable literature for those organizations and combined instrumental and choral ensembles. Prerequisite: MUS-226 Offered alternate years

MUS-421 Choral Conducting and Methods

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Elements of choral conducting, use of the baton, score reading, the organization and administration of ensembles, and the conducting of suitable literature for those organizations and combined choral and instrumental ensembles. Prerequisite: MUS-226 Offered alternate years

MUS-422 Music Education in the Elementary School

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

For future music teachers. Introduction to the melodic and harmonic instruments used in the elementary school. Selection and presentation of songs by rote and note, rhythmic activities, creative activities, and listening materials for grades K-6. Prerequisite: MUS-226 Offered alternate years

MUS-436 Music Education in the Secondary School

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

The methodology and philosophy of teaching music in the secondary school including general music, music appreciation, music theory, and performing groups. Prerequisite: MUS-226 Offered alternate years

MUS-441 Concert Choir

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

A large, mixed choral ensemble that rehearses a wide variety of choral literature in preparation for concerts and tours presented throughout the academic year. Prerequisite: Previous choral or instrumental music experience

MUS-442 Chorale

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

A mixed ensemble of about 25 select singers. Appears on-and off-campus throughout the entire year in a variety of programs. Tours with Concert Choir each spring. Makes occasional concert tours to locations in the United States and abroad. Members of the Chorale are required to be members of the Concert Choir (MUS 441). Membership is determined by audition. Auditions are held in the spring for the following year. Prerequisite: Audition Required Corequisite: MUS 441

MUS-442X Chorale

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Spring Only

An ensemble of about 25 advanced singers. Appears on- and off-campus throughout the entire year in a variety of programs. Members of the Chorale are required to be members of the Concert Choir (MUS-441). Off-campus performances include tours to schools, churches, retirement homes, and other performance venues. Prerequisites: audition required; two previous semesters of MUS-442; FILA-150 or FILA-350EW FILA general education: experiential learning

MUS-443 Symphonic Band

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Performs a wide variety of concert band literature on and off campus. Instrumental music majors are required to enroll in this ensemble. Prerequisite: Previous instrumental music experience

MUS-444 Jazz Ensemble

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Performs a wide variety of jazz literature on and off campus. Ensemble members who are instrumental music majors are required to also be members of the Symphonic Band, MUS-443. Prerequisite: Audition required

MUS-444X Jazz Ensemble

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Spring Only

Performs a wide variety of jazz literature on- and off-campus. Off-campus performances include tours to schools, churches, retirement homes, and other performance venues. Prerequisites: Two previous semesters of MUS-444; FILA-150 or FILA-350EW FILA general education: experiential learning

MUS-445 Chamber Music

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Small groups of brass, strings, guitars, percussion, woodwinds, vocalists, handbells and mixed ensembles. Groups perform on and off campus. Prerequisites: Permission of instructor

MUS-446 JMU Strings

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Bridgewater string players may audition for ensembles at James Madison University. Prerequisites: Audition required

MUS-447 Topics for Ensembles in Context

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Spring Only

In order to fulfill the three-credit fine arts requirement through music ensemble participation, students enroll in a large ensemble (MUS-441: Concert Choir; MUS-442: Chorale; MUS-443: Symphonic Band; or MUS-444: Jazz Ensemble) for consecutive fall and spring semesters, earning two credits. During the spring semester of their ensemble participation, students also enroll in MUS-447: Topics for Ensembles in Context. In this course students further study the repertoire and musical techniques that they experience from a performer's perspective in their ensembles. Repertoire will be examined within historical, cultural, and theoretical contexts with an emphasis on engaging critical thinking skills: analysis, interpretation, and critical listening. Coursework includes critical reviews of performances and repertoire, reflections on musical technique, and discussions relating to musical interpretation and ensemble participation. Course may be taken more than once provided different topics are covered. Corequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350EW FILA general education: fine arts and music

MUS-448 Exploratory Band

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

This flexible instrumental ensemble gives students the opportunity to explore new instruments, secondary instruments, or new styles of music. Student conductors will also have the opportunity to have hands-on experience on the podium.

MUS-450 Senior Recital

Credits: 1 Term Offered:

As the final capstone of the music major, the senior recital is a presentation of a recital consisting of 40 minutes of music on one's primary instrument or voice, in coordination with the applied lesson teacher. Prerequisites: Senior standing, music major or minor or permission of the instructor

MUS-480 Internship

Credits: 3 Term Offered: All Terms

Provides an opportunity for a student to gain field experience in an area related to the student's concentration or career goals. Supervision of an intern is provided by an appropriate faculty member and by a staff member of the agency or business in which the student is an intern. A student who wishes to engage in an internship must consult with the appropriate faculty member at least eight weeks in advance of the start of the term in which the internship is to be completed. A description of the internship, signed by the student and the faculty sponsor, must be filed with the director of internships by the first day of the semester prior to the start of the internship. Approval of each application for an internship is made by the director of internships based upon policies and guidelines as approved by the Council on Education and the faculty. To be considered for an internship, a student must have junior or senior status and at least a 2.00 grade point average. Internships are graded on an S or U basis. A student may enroll in an internship program for 3 credits per semester, and internship credit may be earned in subsequent semesters subject to the limitations that no more than two internships may be pursued in any one agency or business and a maximum of 9 credits in internships may be applied toward graduation.

MUS-490 Independent Study

Credits: 3 Term Offered: All Terms

Upon approval of the department and the division head, a student with a cumulative grade point average of 2.20 or better may engage in an independent study or research project. One desiring to pursue independent study or research must submit a written description of the proposed work to the chair of the appropriate department and to the appropriate division head prior to the last day of the drop and add period for the semester in which the study is to be conducted. At the end of the semester, the supervising professor files with the registrar a grade for the student and a description of the work accomplished. Credit may be received for no more than three independent studies or research projects.

MUS-491 Research

Credits: 3 Term Offered: All Terms

Upon approval of the department and the division head, a student with a cumulative grade point average of 2.20 or better may engage in an independent study or research project. One desiring to pursue independent study or research must submit a written description of the proposed work to the chair of the appropriate department and to the appropriate division head prior to the last day of the drop and add period for the semester in which the study is to be conducted. At the end of the semester, the supervising professor files with the registrar a grade for the student and a description of the work accomplished. Credit may be received for not more than three independent studies or research projects.

MUS-499 Honors Project

Credits: 3 Term Offered: All Terms

An honors project is one in which a student researches a subject, by examination of relevant literature or by experimentation or both; the student reports the results in an accurately documented and well-written paper or appropriate representation of the work. Whenever the study deals with the subject of an established course, the student is expected to go well beyond the usual work of the course in research and in assimilation of the results as revealed in the report. Juniors and seniors with a cumulative grade point average of 3.40 or above may register for an honors project. One desiring to pursue an honors project must submit a written description of his or her proposed work to the chair of the appropriate department and to the appropriate division head prior to the last day of the drop and add period for the semester in which the study is to be conducted. Upon the completion of the honors project, the student must present an oral defense of his or her project. The final grade must include a satisfactory performance on the oral defense, assessed by a three-faculty member team. The project advisor will authorize the make-up of the oral defense team and will assign the final grade on the project. The honors project title will be noted on the student's transcript. It is the student's responsibility to provide a copy of the written paper or appropriate representation of the work to the library in compliance with specifications approved by the Council on Education. The library director arranges for binding and storage.