Academic Catalog

2019-2020 Undergraduate Academic Catalog

Sociology

App View

Majors

Sociology Major

Minors

Crime and Justice Minor

Identity Studies Minor

Social Work Minor

Concentrations

Race and Ethnic Studies Concentration

The Department of Sociology offers a broad range of courses leading to a bachelor of arts with a major in sociology. Social work, crime and justice, and cultural studies minors are options for students majoring in any discipline. Each year, our graduates go into a variety of careers and graduate programs in the social sciences, human services, education, the legal professions, criminal justice, government, business and communications. The department places a strong emphasis upon developing skills in interpretation, writing, research and data analysis that are broadly transferable among many professional vocations. Many sociology courses are taught in an interactive format, in which student contributions are central to class sessions. Subjects include anthropology, cultural studies, group dynamics, criminology, inequality, family, race and ethnicity, social theory, and both quantitative and qualitative research and data analysis. The program features a balanced emphasis upon theoretical issues and practical skills; a senior practicum that is very flexible, with a strong reputation in local and regional organizations; and a curriculum structure that invites our majors to consider minors in related disciplines and opportunities for study abroad.

Sociology Major

Degree Type Offered: B.A. Major

Consists of 36 credit hours including the following courses:

SOC-101 Sociological Imagination

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Introduction to the sociological imagination, with a critical examination of social issues, individual experiences, and the potential for social change. Topics include the nature and impact of culture and social structure, inequality, social institutions, identity, social interaction, and the historical context of knowledge and relationships. Methods of sociological investigation and interpretation are also emphasized. This course is offered in traditional survey and special topics formats. Corequisite: FILA-150 or FILA-350 FILA general education: social sciences

SOC-301 Classical Social Theory

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Survey of classical and contemporary sociological theory, including the works of Karl Marx, Emile Durkheim, Max Weber, George Herbert Mead, Erving Goffman, Harold Garfinkel and others. Prerequisite: SOC-101

SOC-302W Contemporary Social Theory

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Survey of contemporary sociological theory, including the works of Erving Goffman, Harold Garfinkel, The Frankfurt School, Bourdieu and others. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350EW, ENG-110, and SOC-301 or permission of instructor FILA general education: writing intensive

SOC-321 Qualitative and Ethnographic Research

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Investigation of the practical, theoretical, and ethical issues involved in interpretive, field-based research. Specific research methods addressed include participant observation, interviews, action research, case studies, multimedia analysis and ethnography. Hands-on experience includes students developing and conducting original field research projects. Prerequisite: SOC-101

SOC-322 Methods of Research and Data Analysis I

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Scientific methods and their application in the study of social phenomena, with an emphasis upon survey research. Topics include the relation between theory and research, defining and operationalizing a research problem, questionnaire construction, research design alternatives, sampling, measurement, and elementary data analysis and reporting utilizing the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS). Prerequisites: SOC-101 and MATH-140 or PSY-300

SOC-323 Methods of Research and Data Analysis II

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

The application of scientific research methods to specific research problems. Various measurement, scaling, and statistical techniques are utilized to address research problems defined by the students. The Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) is used to analyze data from the General Social Survey (GSS) and other existing data sets. The course culminates in a major research paper that is presented in oral and written form. Prerequisite: SOC-322

SOC-401X Community Action

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Senior capstone course offering action-based research with the local community. Students engage both community and social change literature. Topics will vary depending on student interest. Prerequisites: ENG-110 and SOC-302W FILA general education: experiential learning

MATH-140 Introduction to Statistics

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Basic descriptive statistics, probability, hypothesis testing, correlation, and regression. Statistical computer software is used to analyze data. Prerequisites: MATH-118, MATH-110, MATH-115, or satisfactory performance on placement test

-or-

PSY-300 Measurement and Statistics

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Fall Only

Introduction to basic principles of data analysis. Topics include data distributions, preparation of data and graphs, measurement of central tendency and dispersion, hypothesis testing, and descriptive and inferential statistics. Students develop expertise using JASP and Excel through lab experiences and a summative group project. Prerequisite: PSY-230

And four additional SOC courses approved by the department.

Crime and Justice Minor

Degree Type Offered: Minor

Consists of 24 credit hours including the following courses:

SOC-101 Sociological Imagination

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Introduction to the sociological imagination, with a critical examination of social issues, individual experiences, and the potential for social change. Topics include the nature and impact of culture and social structure, inequality, social institutions, identity, social interaction, and the historical context of knowledge and relationships. Methods of sociological investigation and interpretation are also emphasized. This course is offered in traditional survey and special topics formats. Corequisite: FILA-150 or FILA-350 FILA general education: social sciences

SOC-211 Criminology

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Examination of theories pertaining to the causes of crime and treatment of offenders. Theories of violent and property crimes (including "white-collar" crimes) are explored. Critical analysis of the social, political and cultural context of the justice system in the United States of America, with a special emphasis on questions of justice, fairness and equality are also undertaken. Prerequisite: SOC-101

SOC-412 Adjudication and Corrections: Existing and Alternate Strategies

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Critical evaluation of structures of adjudication, sentencing and corrections in the United States. Includes an examination of alternative approaches to justice and reconciliation, such as community-based rehabilitation, victim/offender conflict mediation, et. Various strategies for community reintegration are also explored. Prerequisites: SOC-211, one course from the crime and justice minor electives, and junior or senior standing

SOC-483X Senior Practicum in Crime and Justice

Credits: 3 Term Offered: All Terms

Capstone course for the Crime and Justice minor. Students gain direct experience with the field in agencies of law enforcement, courts or law firms, and corrective/rehabilitation/community restoration. The practicum requires 120 hours of field participation over the semester, weekly journals and a final substantive, scholarly paper. Prerequisites: At least two courses completed from SOC 211, 367 or 412, and one course from the crime and justice minor electives, or permission of the instructor. FILA general education: experiential learning

And four courses from the following :

SOC-312 Juvenile Justice and Delinquency

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Analysis of juvenile crime and its connections to family structures, peer groups and the educational system, as well as gender, race and class. Trends in juvenile corrections are examined along with current debates on reform. Special topics include gangs, juvenile detention, probation, child advocates, waiver to adult courts and hospitalization. Prerequisite: SOC-101 Offered alternate years

SOC-313 Gender, Crime and Justice

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Investigation of the interaction between gender and social control in the United States and cross-culturally. The gendered nature of criminal activity is examined empirically and theoretically. The justice system, including the correctional treatment of men and women, is examined. Prerequisite: SOC-101 Offered alternate years

SOC-314 World Justice Systems

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Comparative study of justice systems derived from major legal traditions. The development and application of these systems is examined, with an emphasis on historical trends and social forces that shape them. Comparative themes include the role of political power, public perceptions, systems of morality, constructions of guilt, and corrections philosophies. Prerequisite: SOC-101 Offered alternate years

SOC-315 Public Security and Insecurity

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Examines perceptions of security and danger in America since the early 20th century and their effect on the balance between public safety and individual liberty. Examples include organized crime, labor conflict, the communist threat, youth gangs, drugs and terrorism. The role of "moral entrepreneurs," special interest groups, mass media, intelligence and surveillance, and political manipulation are explored. The balance of public safety and individual liberty is central to exploration throughout the course. Prerequisite: SOC-101 Offered alternate years

SOC-335 Immigrants in the Shenandoah Valley

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Examination of the growing ethnic diversity in the Shenandoah Valley through study of contemporary theories and research on immigration. Hands-on field experience includes first-hand interaction with local immigrants and is particularly beneficial for students seeking Spanish language, intercultural, and/or service-learning experience. Prerequisite: FILA-150 or FILA-350EW and SOC-101 FILA general education: global dynamics Offered alternate years

SOC/PHIL-367 Conflict Transformation

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Broad introduction to the field, familiarizes students with conflict and practical approaches to its transformation. Personal communication and conflict styles, negotiation skills, interpersonal mediation, and facilitation of group decision-making and problem-solving strategies are examined. Participation in discussions, exercises, analyses, role-plays and simulations frame the course. In addition to the regularly scheduled meeting times, one Saturday session is included. Prerequisite: SOC-101

COMM-410E Communication Law and Ethics in a Digital Age

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Analytical survey of ethical and legal issues pertaining to communication professionals, focusing on the new digital media landscape. Issues explored include First Amendments rights, public affairs journalism, copyright, defamation, obscenity, censorship, licensing, corporate and governmental communications, and the Digital Millennium Act. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350EW and ENG-110 FILA general education: ethical reasoning

PHIL-320E Professional Ethics

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Pressing issues confronting professionals in a technological era. Utilizing the insights of philosophical and religious ethics, the course examines the responsibilities of the professional person in business, medicine, law education, the ministry, and other fields. Problems considered include confidentiality, accountability, whistleblowing, governmental regulation, and ethical codes. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350EW and ENG 110 and junior or senior standing FILA general education: philosophy or religion and ethical reasoning

PSCI-355 Constitutional Law of Civil Rights and Liberties

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Examination of the development of US Supreme Court decisions in the areas of civil rights and civil liberties. Topics include first amendment rights to freedom of speech, press, and assembly, due process rights, and rights to equal protection. This course also considers the First Amendment as a site for interfaith dialogue. Offered alternate years

PSCI-420W International Law & Organization

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Explores the nature of international law and its similarities and differences with domestic law. Examines the institutions, rules, and organizations that provide the context for global interactions in an increasingly globalizing world. Case studies include issues such as human rights, the International Criminal Court, the World Trade Organization and the World Bank, and International Monetary Fund. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350EW and ENG-110 FILA general education: writing intensive Offered alternate years

PSY-340 Public Mental Health

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Exposes students to a broad view of public mental health and psychology in the public interest. Stimulates the interest of future researchers, clinicians, and policy makers toward improvement of public mental health. Specific attention is given to discerning science from pseudoscience in the practice of psychology. Prerequisite: PSY-310 or permission of instructor

Identity Studies Minor

Degree Type Offered: Minor

The Identity Studies minor offers students a dynamic, interdisciplinary, and intersectional curriculum for understanding their own and others' identities. With a focus on the cultural, economic, historical, political, and social factors that produce various contemporary identity formations/classifications, this program allows students from any major to deepen their analysis of the world they live in. The program is structured around a core sequence of three required courses, which introduce students to the theoretical frameworks and practical manifestations of identities in contemporary societies, while the remaining elective courses for the minor facilitate students' specific interests through a choice of identity-related concentrations. Ultimately, students graduating from this program will be able to more critically and effectively engage with their own and others' identities in whatever professional career they pursue.

Consists of 21 credit hours including the following courses:

SOC-232 Campus Identities

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Survey of identity-related issues and questions on college campuses today. Topics include college financing and student debt; race/ethnic relations and diversity initiatives; gender/sexuality violence and campus safety; and free speech and activism. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350EW

PHIL-322EW Ethics and Identity

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Introduces ethical issues related to gender, race, and class. Surveys the development of identity-related critiques of traditional ethical theories and examines how the concept of "the good life" is related to identity. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350EW and ENG-110 and SOC-101 or PSCI/SOC-205 FILA general education: philosophy or religion, ethical reasoning and writing intensive Offered alternate years

-or-

PSCI/SOC-205 Global Identities

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Interdisciplinary exploration of the power and dynamics of human similarities and differences on a global scale. Covers globalization from the perspective of identity and difference, and provides opportunities to question contemporary assumptions, values and patterns of behavior with the goal of making global interactions more constructive ad more peaceful. Prerequisite: FILA-150 or FILA-350EW FILA general education: global dynamics

SOC-431X Public Identities

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

This capstone seminar for the Identity Studies minor offers students the opportunity to engage with identity-related issues/questions in an applied manner through participation in a variety of relevant pubic events on- and off-campus as well as critical reading of relevant theoretical texts. Additionally, students synthesize their Identity Studies coursework by undertaking semester-long projects that they present during ASPIRE week. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350EW, ENG-110, SOC-232, and senior standing General education: Experiential Learning

And 4 courses to complete one of the following concentrations

French Cultural Studies

Gender Studies

German Studies

Hispanic Cultural Studies

Iberian Studies

Latin American Studies

Race and Ethnic Studies

Social Work Minor

Degree Type Offered: Minor

Consists of 21 credit hours in sociology and social work from the following courses:

SOC-254 Introduction to Social Work

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

An overview of the development of social work as a profession with an introduction to the various settings in which social work is practiced. Helping skills such as attending, reflecting, clarifying, empathizing, supporting, examining feedback, confronting, and facilitating group process are addressed. Particular emphasis will be placed on the value orientation and ethical code of the profession, as well as legal issues facing both practitioners and clients. Twenty hours of community service is a component of this course. Prerequisite: SOC-101

SOC-255EX Introduction to Social Welfare Systems

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Traces the origins and development of current social welfare institutions and illuminates the philosophical and ethical considerations undergirding social policy while considering the merits and deficits of current social services. While a primary focus is on the political, economic, and social context of the American welfare system, cross-cultural comparisons will also be considered. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350EW, ENG-110 and SOC-101 FILA general education: ethical reasoning and experiential learning

SOC/FCS-368W Sociology of the Family

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Examination of the human family historically and comparatively in various cultures with major emphasis placed upon the modern American family. Included are such topics as the diversity of family structures, the social construction of emotions, gender expectations and roles, parenting, the life cycle, and family tensions. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350EW, SOC-101 and ENG-110 FILA general education: writing intensive (Cross-listed as FCS-368W)

SOC-451 Counseling and Personal Development

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

A survey of the concepts and practices of the major contemporary therapeutic (theory) systems used in the helping professions. Primary focus is placed on helping approaches and the various frameworks or understanding change and motivation to change. Goal setting, decision making, self-awareness, learning one's own helping strengths and limitations, and referral techniques are also included. Prerequisite: SOC-101

SOC-481X Field Experience in Social Welfare

Credits: 3 Term Offered: All Terms

Provides social work experience through placement in a human service agency. Placement may be arranged for 12 weeks of a full-time experience during the normal semester or on a part-time basis for three credits. The experience is under careful supervision of both the agency and the Sociology department. The student's interest influences the choice of an agency. 120 hours of participation are required for three credits and 480 hours are required for 12 credits. Prerequisites: ENG 110, SOC 254, 255, and 451, or permission of the instructor FILA general education: experiential learning

And two courses from the following:

SOC-211 Criminology

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Examination of theories pertaining to the causes of crime and treatment of offenders. Theories of violent and property crimes (including "white-collar" crimes) are explored. Critical analysis of the social, political and cultural context of the justice system in the United States of America, with a special emphasis on questions of justice, fairness and equality are also undertaken. Prerequisite: SOC-101

SOC-256 Group Process

Credits: 3 Term Offered: May Term

The study of the behavior of individuals in small groups with a focus on the development of interpersonal communication skills. Topics include facilitation, leadership styles, decision making, problem solving, and mediation. Attention will be directed at how groups form and change over time; how conflict occurs and is managed; how roles and norms develop; and the nature of power, conformity and deviance in groups. The relevance of this work to applied settings will also be discussed. Prerequisite: SOC-101

SOC-312 Juvenile Justice and Delinquency

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Analysis of juvenile crime and its connections to family structures, peer groups and the educational system, as well as gender, race and class. Trends in juvenile corrections are examined along with current debates on reform. Special topics include gangs, juvenile detention, probation, child advocates, waiver to adult courts and hospitalization. Prerequisite: SOC-101 Offered alternate years

SOC-333 Racial and Ethnic Studies

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

The nature of racial relations and inequalities in American society, including their historical origins and relationship to Western capitalist development. The ethnic composition of contemporary American society, impact of legal and illegal immigration patterns, dynamics of modern structures and institutions, the Civil Rights Movement, inter-ethnic conflicts and attitudes, multiculturalism and status of affirmative action are analyzed in the context of national and global social change. Prerequisite: FILA-150 or FILA-350 and SOC-101 FILA general education: global dynamics

SOC-335 Immigrants in the Shenandoah Valley

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Examination of the growing ethnic diversity in the Shenandoah Valley through study of contemporary theories and research on immigration. Hands-on field experience includes first-hand interaction with local immigrants and is particularly beneficial for students seeking Spanish language, intercultural, and/or service-learning experience. Prerequisite: FILA-150 or FILA-350EW and SOC-101 FILA general education: global dynamics Offered alternate years

SOC/PHIL-367 Conflict Transformation

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Broad introduction to the field, familiarizes students with conflict and practical approaches to its transformation. Personal communication and conflict styles, negotiation skills, interpersonal mediation, and facilitation of group decision-making and problem-solving strategies are examined. Participation in discussions, exercises, analyses, role-plays and simulations frame the course. In addition to the regularly scheduled meeting times, one Saturday session is included. Prerequisite: SOC-101

FCS-345 Child Development

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Examine issues related to physical, cognitive and socio-emotional development of the child from conception through early adolescence. Students will develop theoretical and practical knowledge of child development concepts. Provisions are made for observing and working with preschool children. Prerequisite: junior standing

PSY-340 Public Mental Health

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Exposes students to a broad view of public mental health and psychology in the public interest. Stimulates the interest of future researchers, clinicians, and policy makers toward improvement of public mental health. Specific attention is given to discerning science from pseudoscience in the practice of psychology. Prerequisite: PSY-310 or permission of instructor

Race and Ethnic Studies Concentration

Degree Type Offered: Concentration

An interdisciplinary program that consists of 12 credit hours.  It explores the historical origins and nature of race and ethnicity in contemporary America and the global world.  It is designed for a student in any major.  Upon completion of the concentration the student will be cognizant of the diversity and complexity of current major issues of race and ethnicity.  Courses in the concentration enable students to explore the historical, political, economic, religious and social aspects of race and ethnicity including some of the possible problems, solutions, and challenges of multiculturalism and identity.  The concentration is an excellent preparation for the student’s personal life as well as professional careers in the 21st century, including law, education, business human services, medicine, cross-cultural or international relations, policy, and ethics.

Consists of 12 credit hours including the following courses:

SOC-333 Racial and Ethnic Studies

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

The nature of racial relations and inequalities in American society, including their historical origins and relationship to Western capitalist development. The ethnic composition of contemporary American society, impact of legal and illegal immigration patterns, dynamics of modern structures and institutions, the Civil Rights Movement, inter-ethnic conflicts and attitudes, multiculturalism and status of affirmative action are analyzed in the context of national and global social change. Prerequisite: FILA-150 or FILA-350 and SOC-101 FILA general education: global dynamics

And three courses from the following:

BIOL-215 Biology of Human Diversity & Pseudoscience of Racism

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Human populations throughout the world differ in their physical appearance, behavior, customs, lifestyles, etc. Students learn about the biological basis of human homogeneity and diversity, and critically examine the construct of race as a sanctioned method of classifying human species into different groups. Consideration of biological principles that define species and subgroups, and discussion of key differences between early and modern techniques that biologists use to classify organisms. Case studies and examples from geographic locations around the world address some of the enormous social implications (health care, education, law enforcement) of using faulty science to group human beings into distinct racial categories Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350EW; ENG-110; MATH-110 or MATH-115 or MATH-118; and BIOL-100 or BIOL-110 FILA general education: global dynamics Offered alternate years

COMM-340 Representations of Gender, Race & Class

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Examines the media's role in creating and re-creating our understanding of gender, race, and class. Includes a historical perspective, and traces how these representations have changed over time, the forces that have affected representations of gender, race and class, and the current state of their representation in the media. A field trip to at least one museum in Washington, D.C. is planned, depending upon exhibits available at the time (e.g. National Museum of the American Indian, Smithsonian's American History Museum). Alternate years: offered 2020-2021

ENG-243 Native American Literature and Culture

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Anthropological survey of Native North American and Meso-American cultures, examining features such as traditional subsistence patterns, kinship structures, religious beliefs and practices, social and political structures, artistic expression, and intellectual history. Focuses on the literary heritage of Native American cultures, beginning with the oral tradition and storytelling, and continuing on to the "Native American Renaissance", the proliferation of Native American authors and poets that began in the 1960s and continues to the present. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350EW and ENG-110 FILA general education: world cultures Offered alternate years

ENG-336 Literature of the Black Experience

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Selected readings in the fiction, drama, poetry and non-fiction prose of major black writers, both African and African-American. Influential authors may include Douglass, Wright, Ellison, Achebe, Baldwin, and Morrison. Prerequisite: ENG-110 FILA general education: literature

FREN-300 Special Cultural Topics in English

Credits: 3 Term Offered: All Terms

Study of contemporary topics and world issues related to the cultures of the French-speaking world. Explores political, social and economic structures through literature, film, the visual arts and/or music. Taught in English. Credit available for French majors and minors upon completion of a French language component. Prerequisite: FILA-150 or FILA-350 FILA general education: global dynamics

FREN-345 Modern French Cultures

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Introduction to French culture and its historical development after the Fall of the Ancient Regime and a study of modern-day France, including geography, and consideration of intellectual, artistic, political, social, economic and educational factors. Taught in French. Prerequisite: FILA-150 or FILA-350EW; and FREN-202 or permission of instructor FILA general education: world cultures

GER-300 Special Topics in English

Credits: 3 Term Offered: May Term

Study of contemporary topics and world issues related to the cultures of the German-speaking world. Explores political, social and economic structures through literature, film, the visual arts and/or music. Taught in English. Credit available for German minors upon completion of a German language component. Prerequisite: FILA-150 or FILA-350EW FILA general education: global dynamics

HIST-340 American Indian History

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Examines the history of American Indians from pre-contact civilizations and cultures to the present. It demonstrates the diversity of individual, tribal, national, and pan-Indian experiences in the context of culture, society, religion, economics, politics, and law. Students investigate a variety of sources including scholarly and popular non-fictional and fictional writings, images, songs, and films. Prerequisite: FILA-150 or FILA-350EW FILA general education: world cultures Offered alternate years

HIST-350 Afghanistan, Central Asia, and the Great Powers

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Examines the history of western intervention, imperialism, and "nation building" in Central Asia and Afghanistan from the initial periods of Russian and British expansion into the region in the early eighteenth century to the American and NATO intervention in Afghanistan in the twenty-first century. Major themes include cultural and political interaction between local societies and the British, Russians, Soviets and Americans. Prerequisite: FILA-150 or FILA-350EW FILA general education: world cultures Offered alternate years

HIST-370 Genocide

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

This courses explores the history of genocide. Examines origins of and paths to genocide, including dynamics tied to imperialism, race, and nationalism; also investigates the conception of the word 'genocide' and the development of critical genocide studies as a field of inquiry. Specific case studies that occurred in modern history as well as broader themes give students the opportunity to wrestle with and compare historical dynamics, historiographical discussions, and theoretical conceptions. Prerequisite: FILA-150 or FILA-350EW FILA general education: world cultures Offered alternate years

HIST-430 European Imperialism

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Europeans' relationship with the rest of the world from the origins of modern European empires in the 19th-century, to the process of decolonization in the 20th-century, to current debates about neo-imperialism and neo-colonialism. Examines the effects of empire on both the colonizers and the colonized. Offered alternate years

PHIL-322EW Ethics and Identity

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Introduces ethical issues related to gender, race, and class. Surveys the development of identity-related critiques of traditional ethical theories and examines how the concept of "the good life" is related to identity. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350EW and ENG-110 and SOC-101 or PSCI/SOC-205 FILA general education: philosophy or religion, ethical reasoning and writing intensive Offered alternate years

PSCI-310 Latin American Politics

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Comparative analysis of contemporary Latin American politics and governments. Considers political and economic themes, noting especially the challenges of democracy, development and inequality. Examines the region's relationship with the rest of the world, including the United States. Prerequisite: FILA-150 or FILA-350EW and PSCI-240, or permission of instructor FILA general education: world cultures

PSCI-360 Population, Immigration, and Politics

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

This course takes a surveying view of the political, social and economic consequences of population movement phenomena focusing on two central elements: Migration and Identity Politics. In an effort to accommodate the broad theme, the course will view population movement phenomena from the perspectives of immigrants, host and origin nations, as well as global state and non-state actors. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350EW and ENG-110; PSCI-240 is recommended FILA general education: global dynamics

REL-340 Religions of the Near East

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Major living religions of the Near East stressing a sympathetic understanding of the illumination, which is provided the adherents of each for daily living, as well as some of the cultural expressions of each in those societies where they flourish. Religions studied include Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350EW and ENG-110 FILA general education: world cultures Offered alternate years

REL-350 Religions of the Far East

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Major living religions of the Far East stressing a sympathetic understanding of the illumination, which is provided the adherents of each for daily living, as well as some of the cultural expressions of each in those societies where they flourish. Religions studied include Hinduism, Buddhism, and native Chinese religion. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350EW and ENG-110 FILA general education: world cultures Offered alternate years

SOC-335 Immigrants in the Shenandoah Valley

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Examination of the growing ethnic diversity in the Shenandoah Valley through study of contemporary theories and research on immigration. Hands-on field experience includes first-hand interaction with local immigrants and is particularly beneficial for students seeking Spanish language, intercultural, and/or service-learning experience. Prerequisite: FILA-150 or FILA-350EW and SOC-101 FILA general education: global dynamics Offered alternate years

SOC-363 Cultures of Japan

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

An historical and cultural study of Japan, with particular attention to religion, government, and the arts. Consideration is given to daily life in Japan and current problems and changes. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350EW and SOC-101 FILA general education: world cultures

SOC-365 Cultures of Africa

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

The racial, social, and cultural history of Africa in ancient and modern times. Attention is given to the impact of urbanization and to African responses to Western values and institutions as carried to the continent by the Colonial powers. Contemporary political and socioeconomic trends and problems. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350EW and SOC-101 FILA general education: world cultures

SPAN-300 Special Cultural Topics in English

Credits: 3 Term Offered: May Term

Study of contemporary topics and world issues related to the cultures of the Spanish-speaking world. Explores political, social and economic structures through literature, film, the visual arts, and/or music. Taught in English. Credit available for Spanish majors and minors upon completion of a Spanish language component. Prerequisite: FILA-150 or FILA-350EW FILA general education: world cultures

SPAN-352W Hispanic Masculinities

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

This course will examine the social construction of masculinity in the Hispanic world. We will read about and study concepts such as honor, shame, sexual identity, machismo and their correlated societal effects. We will also research and discuss the topics of gender relations and sexuality and how these themes intersect with issues of race, class, and politics. We will explore the construction of masculinity in specific areas such as sports (futbol) and dance (tango, salsa, etc.). Our readings will primarily be in Spanish but will come from Spain, Central and South America, and also the United States. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350EW; ENG-110 and SPAN-202 FILA general education: world cultures and writing intensive

Note: Students may count no more than 2 courses with a given course prefix towards the concentration.

Courses

SOC-101 Sociological Imagination

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Introduction to the sociological imagination, with a critical examination of social issues, individual experiences, and the potential for social change. Topics include the nature and impact of culture and social structure, inequality, social institutions, identity, social interaction, and the historical context of knowledge and relationships. Methods of sociological investigation and interpretation are also emphasized. This course is offered in traditional survey and special topics formats. Corequisite: FILA-150 or FILA-350 FILA general education: social sciences

SOC-201 General Anthropology

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Introduction to the discipline of anthropology, including the four major subfields: archaeology, biological anthropology, cultural anthropology, and linguistics. The historical and geographical spread of culture are reviewed; the impact of urbanization, industrialization, and technology on the nature and quality of human life are examined; along with key questions about human diversity. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350EW FILA general education: world cultures (Credit may not be received for both SOC-201 and SOC-202).

SOC-202 Cultural Anthropology

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Focused on the cultural branch of anthropology, topics include how the different contexts in which humans live have produced variations in belief, food, dress, music, kinship, gender, visual aesthetics, language, and other cultural aspects of ordinary life. Also introduces ethnography, an anthropological way of doing research and writing, in order to understand cultural difference. (Credit may not be received for both SOC 201 and 202)

SOC-203 Social Problems

Credits: 3 Term Offered: May Term

Problems such as population growth, environment and resource depletion, alcoholism and drug addiction, crime and violence, inequity and poverty, unemployment, alienation and others will be studied. Development of public awareness, role of social movements, theoretical approaches, value conflicts, interest groups and power struggles, and potential solutions will also be examined.

SOC-205 Global Identities

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Interdisciplinary exploration of the power and dynamics of human similarities and differences on a global scale. Covers globalization from the perspective of identity and difference, and provides opportunities to question contemporary assumptions, values and patterns of behavior with the goal of making global interactions more constructive and more peaceful. Prerequisite: FILA-150 or FILA-350EW FILA general education: global dynamics

SOC-208E Food Politics

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

An introduction to a variety of political, ethical and social justice issues surrounding local, national and global food systems. It includes discussions of food policy, food security, food waste, food and farm workers' rights, and the environmental impact and sustainability of our current food production systems. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350EW and ENG-110 FILA general education: global dynamics and ethical reasoning

SOC-211 Criminology

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Examination of theories pertaining to the causes of crime and treatment of offenders. Theories of violent and property crimes (including "white-collar" crimes) are explored. Critical analysis of the social, political and cultural context of the justice system in the United States of America, with a special emphasis on questions of justice, fairness and equality are also undertaken. Prerequisite: SOC-101

SOC-232 Campus Identities

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Survey of identity-related issues and questions on college campuses today. Topics include college financing and student debt; race/ethnic relations and diversity initiatives; gender/sexuality violence and campus safety; and free speech and activism. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350EW

SOC-233 Social History of Jazz in America

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Examines how jazz music has mirrored the social history of the American people, reflecting ethnic and racial influences, historic events, and cultural change. Examines the history, styles and techniques of American jazz through lecture, audio and video recordings, and live demonstrations. Increases the appreciation and enjoyment of jazz. Prerequisite: FILA-150 or FILA-350EW FILA general education: fine arts and music (Cross-listed as MUS-233)

SOC-254 Introduction to Social Work

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

An overview of the development of social work as a profession with an introduction to the various settings in which social work is practiced. Helping skills such as attending, reflecting, clarifying, empathizing, supporting, examining feedback, confronting, and facilitating group process are addressed. Particular emphasis will be placed on the value orientation and ethical code of the profession, as well as legal issues facing both practitioners and clients. Twenty hours of community service is a component of this course. Prerequisite: SOC-101

SOC-255EX Introduction to Social Welfare Systems

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Traces the origins and development of current social welfare institutions and illuminates the philosophical and ethical considerations undergirding social policy while considering the merits and deficits of current social services. While a primary focus is on the political, economic, and social context of the American welfare system, cross-cultural comparisons will also be considered. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350EW, ENG-110 and SOC-101 FILA general education: ethical reasoning and experiential learning

SOC-256 Group Process

Credits: 3 Term Offered: May Term

The study of the behavior of individuals in small groups with a focus on the development of interpersonal communication skills. Topics include facilitation, leadership styles, decision making, problem solving, and mediation. Attention will be directed at how groups form and change over time; how conflict occurs and is managed; how roles and norms develop; and the nature of power, conformity and deviance in groups. The relevance of this work to applied settings will also be discussed. Prerequisite: SOC-101

SOC-301 Classical Social Theory

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Survey of classical and contemporary sociological theory, including the works of Karl Marx, Emile Durkheim, Max Weber, George Herbert Mead, Erving Goffman, Harold Garfinkel and others. Prerequisite: SOC-101

SOC-302W Contemporary Social Theory

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Survey of contemporary sociological theory, including the works of Erving Goffman, Harold Garfinkel, The Frankfurt School, Bourdieu and others. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350EW, ENG-110, and SOC-301 or permission of instructor FILA general education: writing intensive

SOC-312 Juvenile Justice and Delinquency

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Analysis of juvenile crime and its connections to family structures, peer groups and the educational system, as well as gender, race and class. Trends in juvenile corrections are examined along with current debates on reform. Special topics include gangs, juvenile detention, probation, child advocates, waiver to adult courts and hospitalization. Prerequisite: SOC-101 Offered alternate years

SOC-313 Gender, Crime and Justice

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Investigation of the interaction between gender and social control in the United States and cross-culturally. The gendered nature of criminal activity is examined empirically and theoretically. The justice system, including the correctional treatment of men and women, is examined. Prerequisite: SOC-101 Offered alternate years

SOC-314 World Justice Systems

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Comparative study of justice systems derived from major legal traditions. The development and application of these systems is examined, with an emphasis on historical trends and social forces that shape them. Comparative themes include the role of political power, public perceptions, systems of morality, constructions of guilt, and corrections philosophies. Prerequisite: SOC-101 Offered alternate years

SOC-315 Public Security and Insecurity

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Examines perceptions of security and danger in America since the early 20th century and their effect on the balance between public safety and individual liberty. Examples include organized crime, labor conflict, the communist threat, youth gangs, drugs and terrorism. The role of "moral entrepreneurs," special interest groups, mass media, intelligence and surveillance, and political manipulation are explored. The balance of public safety and individual liberty is central to exploration throughout the course. Prerequisite: SOC-101 Offered alternate years

SOC-316 True Crime Sociology

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Analysis of sociological issues, including class conflict, race/ethnic relations, and gender/sexuality identities, through examination of true crime journalism across its wide variety of media formats (books, documentary film, podcasts, etc). Includes critical examination of the genre's increased popularity and democratization through the expansion of social media, with a particular emphasis on the ethical implications, cultural consequences, and political possibilities emerging from these developments. Features weekly in-class direct engagement (including film screenings, podcast listening parties, book readings, etc.) with timely/relevant examples of the genre as well as facilitated public discourse/seminar discussions. Prerequisites: SOC 101

SOC-321 Qualitative and Ethnographic Research

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Investigation of the practical, theoretical, and ethical issues involved in interpretive, field-based research. Specific research methods addressed include participant observation, interviews, action research, case studies, multimedia analysis and ethnography. Hands-on experience includes students developing and conducting original field research projects. Prerequisite: SOC-101

SOC-322 Methods of Research and Data Analysis I

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Scientific methods and their application in the study of social phenomena, with an emphasis upon survey research. Topics include the relation between theory and research, defining and operationalizing a research problem, questionnaire construction, research design alternatives, sampling, measurement, and elementary data analysis and reporting utilizing the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS). Prerequisites: SOC-101 and MATH-140 or PSY-300

SOC-323 Methods of Research and Data Analysis II

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

The application of scientific research methods to specific research problems. Various measurement, scaling, and statistical techniques are utilized to address research problems defined by the students. The Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) is used to analyze data from the General Social Survey (GSS) and other existing data sets. The course culminates in a major research paper that is presented in oral and written form. Prerequisite: SOC-322

SOC-331 Cultural Theory at the Movies

Credits: 3 Term Offered: May Term

Introduction to a diverse set of perspectives on culture and society using movies as a medium. Important lenses in cultural studies including critical theory, postmodernism, postcolonial theory, feminism/critical race theory, and psychoanalysis are introduced through "textual" examination of 21st-century films across the global landscape. This is less a film class than a survey of major contemporary theories in the humanities and social sciences. Highly recommended for students considering graduate studies in the humanities or social sciences, or for anyone interested in developing a critical viewpoint on films and culture in general. Students should be prepared to view challenging films that may depict violence, sexual situations, substance abuse and/or strong language. Prerequisite: SOC-101 or permission of instructor

SOC-332 The Sociology of the Living Dead: Zombie Films and the Apocalyptic in American Culture

Credits: 3 Term Offered: May Term

Examination of the sociological implications of the Zombie film genre, with emphasis on how the films may reflect cultural tensions between individualism and community, declining trust in government and other civic institutions, and the pervasiveness and influence of apocalyptic and millennial visions in American culture. Seminar discussion and analytic writing cultivate students' ability interpret this cultural phenomenon as well as others, more generally. Prerequisite: SOC 101

SOC-333 Racial and Ethnic Studies

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

The nature of racial relations and inequalities in American society, including their historical origins and relationship to Western capitalist development. The ethnic composition of contemporary American society, impact of legal and illegal immigration patterns, dynamics of modern structures and institutions, the Civil Rights Movement, inter-ethnic conflicts and attitudes, multiculturalism and status of affirmative action are analyzed in the context of national and global social change. Prerequisite: FILA-150 or FILA-350 and SOC-101 FILA general education: global dynamics

SOC-334 Gender and Sexuality Studies

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Introduction to a variety of conceptual frameworks and theoretical lenses relating to human gender and sexualities, including social constructionism, political economy, and cultural studies. A critical, global, historical, and sociological approach will be emphasized to unpack gendered ad sexualized social structures like patriarchy, heterosexism, and hegemonic masculinity. Special attention will be paid to social movements and challenges to power/resource inequalities made by gender and sexuality-based minority groups. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350EW and SOC-101 FILA general education: global dynamics Offered alternate years

SOC-335 Immigrants in the Shenandoah Valley

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Examination of the growing ethnic diversity in the Shenandoah Valley through study of contemporary theories and research on immigration. Hands-on field experience includes first-hand interaction with local immigrants and is particularly beneficial for students seeking Spanish language, intercultural, and/or service-learning experience. Prerequisite: FILA-150 or FILA-350EW and SOC-101 FILA general education: global dynamics Offered alternate years

SOC-336X Immigrant Food Cultures of New York City

Credits: 3 Term Offered: May Term

How various immigrant groups in New York City have negotiated their traditional food cultures upon arrival in the United States. The first three days of the course will be spent on the Bridgewater College campus followed by five days in New York City being guided to various ethnic immigrant communities around the city and outer boroughs to explore restaurants, community centers, food markets and historic and culturally significant sites, as well as to meet community members involved in preserving the group's traditional food culture. Prerequisite: FILA-150 or FILA-350EW FILA general education: global dynamics and experiential learning

SOC-337X Food Systems of the Shenandoah Valley

Credits: 3 Term Offered: May Term

Examines the various food systems in the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia, including organic farms, various types of co-ops, industrial and small-scale poultry operations, industrial and organic vegetable and herb farms, community supported agriculture (CSA) operations, small-scale and industrial dairy operations, and farm-to-table restaurants. Through on-site visits, readings, and classroom discussion, students study a wide range of factors that make up each local food system, including issues pertaining to sustainability, land and resource usage, workers' rights, and the benefits of and challenges faced by these systems. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350EW FILA general education: experiential learning

SOC-338X Introduction to Material Culture Studies

Credits: 3 Term Offered: May Term

Introduces students to techniques for examination of objects and artifacts through the study of important texts, hands-on experience, on-site visits to museums, buildings and cultural landscapes. Topics include vernacular architecture, cultural geography, popular design, technology, folk life and archaeology. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350EW and SOC-101 FILA general education: experiential learning

SOC-350 Social Inequality

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

An examination of patterns of social stratification and important theories of the class structure. Emphasis is placed upon analysis of the American class system and major research in the field. Prerequisite: SOC-101

SOC-361 Development and Underdevelopment in the Modern World

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Dilemmas, tensions, and theoretical and policy issues related to the position of Third World countries in the modern world. Questions of urbanization, industrialization, modernization, westernization, and distribution of economic resources are discussed. Various theories of development and underdevelopment are critically examined. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350EW and SOC-101 FILA general education: global dynamics

SOC-362 Sociology of the Caribbean: Case Study Of Jamaica

Credits: 3 Term Offered: May Term

A sociological exploration of the Caribbean with Jamaica as the case study. The course examines the political, economic, and social aspects of Jamaica in the context of the Caribbean region and in comparison with the rest of the world. Jamaican history, language, race, social class, ethnicity, and the impact of the tourist industry are explored. Prerequisite: SOC-101

SOC-363 Cultures of Japan

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

An historical and cultural study of Japan, with particular attention to religion, government, and the arts. Consideration is given to daily life in Japan and current problems and changes. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350EW and SOC-101 FILA general education: world cultures

SOC-364 Sociology of the African Continent: A Case Study of Zambia

Credits: 3 Term Offered: May Term

Sociological exploration of how geography, climate, colonial history, rural economic development, urbanization, democratization, tribal cleavage and affiliation influence the culture, language, politics, tourism, racial and ethnic relations, education, and family structure of Zambia. As a case study of the African continent, Zambia is used to investigate contemporary African challenges. A 12-day field trip to Zambia focuses on visiting the capital city of Lusaka, the University of Zambia, Nkhanga Rural Region Village Library of Lundazi District of Eastern Zambia, the Victoria Falls, and the Luangwa Game Park. Prerequisites: SOC-101, SOC-201, SOC-202 or SOC/PSCI-205 or permission of instructor

SOC-365 Cultures of Africa

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

The racial, social, and cultural history of Africa in ancient and modern times. Attention is given to the impact of urbanization and to African responses to Western values and institutions as carried to the continent by the Colonial powers. Contemporary political and socioeconomic trends and problems. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350EW and SOC-101 FILA general education: world cultures

SOC-366E Sociology of Birth and Death

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Examination of how society supports, controls and constrains our arrival into and departure from the world, revealing the ways that events often assumed to be "natural" are in fact conditioned by social and cultural forces. Special emphasis on the communication of cultural norms regarding birth and death, the impact of advances in medicine and technology, and how birth and death become cultural metaphors for other social phenomena. The course includes an interfaith studies component focused on Jewish, Muslim, Buddhist, and Native American death rituals. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350EW, ENG-110, and SOC-101 FILA general education: ethical reasoning

SOC-367 Conflict Transformation

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Broad introduction to the field, familiarizes students with conflict and practical approaches to its transformation. Personal communication and conflict styles, negotiation skills, interpersonal mediation, and facilitation of group decision-making and problem-solving strategies are examined. Participation in discussions, exercises, analyses, role-plays and simulations frame the course. In addition to the regularly scheduled meeting times, one Saturday session is included. Prerequisite: SOC-101

SOC-368W Sociology of the Family

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Examination of the human family historically and comparatively in various cultures with major emphasis placed upon the modern American family. Included are such topics as the diversity of family structures, the social construction of emotions, gender expectations and roles, parenting, the life cycle, and family tensions. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350EW, SOC-101 and ENG-110 FILA general education: writing intensive (Cross-listed as FCS-368W)

SOC-369 Studying the American Militia Movement: Guerrillas in Our Midst

Credits: 3 Term Offered: May Term

Explores the genesis of the American militia movement and its current incarnations, employing sociological theories of culture, ideology, social movements, and cultural change to examine the movement and the ways in which it yields insights into some crucial questions about our society ad our social ideals: how we define citizenship, community, and nation; how members of social movements and subcultures create insider-outsider distinctions between themselves and non-members; and the cultural values and symbols upon which social movements draw in order to communicate a vision of America as they see it and as they believe it should be. Prerequisite: SOC-101

SOC-370E Sociology of Religion

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Examination of religion as a powerful force of social cohesion, order, meaning and change in human societies. Special attention will be given to why people are religious or not religious; the growth and decline of religious organizations; religious conversion and loss of faith; the impact of modernity on religion and religious belief, especially among young and emerging adults. The social context in which various religious communities exist and how they shape and are being shaped by their social context will also be investigated. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350EW, ENG-110, and SOC-101 FILA general education: ethical reasoning

SOC-401X Community Action

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Senior capstone course offering action-based research with the local community. Students engage both community and social change literature. Topics will vary depending on student interest. Prerequisites: ENG-110 and SOC-302W FILA general education: experiential learning

SOC-412 Adjudication and Corrections: Existing and Alternate Strategies

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Critical evaluation of structures of adjudication, sentencing and corrections in the United States. Includes an examination of alternative approaches to justice and reconciliation, such as community-based rehabilitation, victim/offender conflict mediation, et. Various strategies for community reintegration are also explored. Prerequisites: SOC-211, one course from the crime and justice minor electives, and junior or senior standing

SOC-431X Public Identities

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

This capstone seminar for the Identity Studies minor offers students the opportunity to engage with identity-related issues/questions in an applied manner through participation in a variety of relevant pubic events on- and off-campus as well as critical reading of relevant theoretical texts. Additionally, students synthesize their Identity Studies coursework by undertaking semester-long projects that they present during ASPIRE week. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350EW, ENG-110, SOC-232, and senior standing General education: Experiential Learning

SOC-451 Counseling and Personal Development

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

A survey of the concepts and practices of the major contemporary therapeutic (theory) systems used in the helping professions. Primary focus is placed on helping approaches and the various frameworks or understanding change and motivation to change. Goal setting, decision making, self-awareness, learning one's own helping strengths and limitations, and referral techniques are also included. Prerequisite: SOC-101

SOC-480 Internship

Credits: 3 Term Offered: All Terms

Provides an opportunity for a student to gain field experience in an area related to the student's concentration or career goals. Supervision of an intern is provided by an appropriate faculty member and by a staff member of the agency or business in which the student is an intern. A student who wishes to engage in an internship must consult with the appropriate faculty member at least eight weeks in advance of the start of the term in which the internship is to be completed. A description of the internship, signed by the student and the faculty sponsor, must be filed with the director of internships by the first day of the semester prior to the start of the internship. Approval of each application for an internship is made by the director of internships based upon policies and guidelines as approved by the Council on Education and the faculty. To be considered for an internship, a student must have junior or senior status and at least a 2.00 grade point average. Internships are graded on an S or U basis. A student may enroll in an internship program for 3 credits per semester, and internship credit may be earned in subsequent semesters subject to the limitations that no more than two internships may be pursued in any one agency or business and a maximum of 9 credits in internships may be applied toward graduation.

SOC-481X Field Experience in Social Welfare

Credits: 3 Term Offered: All Terms

Provides social work experience through placement in a human service agency. Placement may be arranged for 12 weeks of a full-time experience during the normal semester or on a part-time basis for three credits. The experience is under careful supervision of both the agency and the Sociology department. The student's interest influences the choice of an agency. 120 hours of participation are required for three credits and 480 hours are required for 12 credits. Prerequisites: ENG 110, SOC 254, 255, and 451, or permission of the instructor FILA general education: experiential learning

SOC-482 Proseminar in Social Work Ethics

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

This independent study may only be taken by those students who are concurrently enrolled in SOC 481X: Field Experience in Social Welfare. In conjunction with the fieldwork placement, provides an advanced forum to discuss the social work profession. Implications of the Social Work Code of Ethics on professional conduct, as well as the inter-agency approaches to social work and social welfare are explored.

SOC-483X Senior Practicum in Crime and Justice

Credits: 3 Term Offered: All Terms

Capstone course for the Crime and Justice minor. Students gain direct experience with the field in agencies of law enforcement, courts or law firms, and corrective/rehabilitation/community restoration. The practicum requires 120 hours of field participation over the semester, weekly journals and a final substantive, scholarly paper. Prerequisites: At least two courses completed from SOC 211, 367 or 412, and one course from the crime and justice minor electives, or permission of the instructor. FILA general education: experiential learning

SOC-490 Independent Study

Credits: 3 Term Offered: All Terms

Upon approval of the department and the division head, a student with a cumulative grade point average of 2.20 or better may engage in an independent study or research project. One desiring to pursue independent study or research must submit a written description of the proposed work to the chair of the appropriate department and to the appropriate division head prior to the last day of the drop and add period for the semester in which the study is to be conducted. At the end of the semester, the supervising professor files with the registrar a grade for the student and a description of the work accomplished. Credit may be received for no more than three independent studies or research projects.

SOC-491 Research

Credits: 3 Term Offered: All Terms

Upon approval of the department and the division head, a student with a cumulative grade point average of 2.20 or better may engage in an independent study or research project. One desiring to pursue independent study or research must submit a written description of the proposed work to the chair of the appropriate department and to the appropriate division head prior to the last day of the drop and add period for the semester in which the study is to be conducted. At the end of the semester, the supervising professor files with the registrar a grade for the student and a description of the work accomplished. Credit may be received for not more than three independent studies or research projects.

SOC-499 Honors Project

Credits: 3 Term Offered: All Terms

An honors project is one in which a student researches a subject, by examination of relevant literature or by experimentation or both; the student reports the results in an accurately documented and well-written paper or appropriate representation of the work. Whenever the study deals with the subject of an established course, the student is expected to go well beyond the usual work of the course in research and in assimilation of the results as revealed in the report. Juniors and seniors with a cumulative grade point average of 3.40 or above may register for an honors project. One desiring to pursue an honors project must submit a written description of his or her proposed work to the chair of the appropriate department and to the appropriate division head prior to the last day of the drop and add period for the semester in which the study is to be conducted. Upon the completion of the honors project, the student must present an oral defense of his or her project. The final grade must include a satisfactory performance on the oral defense, assessed by a three-faculty member team. The project advisor will authorize the make-up of the oral defense team and will assign the final grade on the project. The honors project title will be noted on the student's transcript. It is the student's responsibility to provide a copy of the written paper or appropriate representation of the work to the library in compliance with specifications approved by the Council on Education. The library director arranges for binding and storage.