Academic Catalog

2018-2019 Undergraduate Academic Catalog

World Languages & Cultures

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Majors

French Major

Spanish Major

Minors

French Minor

German Minor

Spanish Minor

Concentrations

French Cultural Studies Concentration

German Studies Concentration

Hispanic Cultural Studies Concentration

Iberian Studies Concentration

Latin American Studies Concentration

World Languages: French or Spanish Concentration

The Department of World Languages and Cultures offers a proficiency-oriented program, which is designed for students who want to increase their language skills and expand their knowledge of the culture and literature from the various areas where the language is spoken. We offer a major and a minor in French and Spanish, as well as a minor in German through study abroad. Our majors study a core of courses designed to develop listening, speaking, reading and writing along with cultural sensitivity and knowledge. Students supplement the core with courses best suited to their future plans.
 
A French or Spanish major is an excellent basis for graduate study in many fields, and there is also currently a strong demand for world language teachers. In addition, many of our majors and minors study a world language as a type of “value-added” component to their studies in another field. As a result, alumni of Bridgewater’s world languages and cultures program are using their language skills in business, social work, government service, medicine and education. The study of a world language not only enriches a student’s liberal arts education through the understanding and appreciation of another culture and language, but also provides a practical skill for employment in the global community.
 

General Education

The College's general education requirement of courses in world languages through language can be met by completing one course in world language at the 102, 201 or 202 level (3 credits).  A placement credit for 202 in a world language course will exempt a student from this requirement.
 

World Languages and Cultures Majors

A major in French or Spanish consists of a minimum of 30–36 credit hours, depending on placement. A minimum of 30 credit hours must be taken in courses numbered 300 or above, and a semester in a study abroad program or equivalent, usually in the student’s junior year, is strongly recommended.

French Major

Degree Type Offered: B.A. Major

Requires the bachelor of arts degree. All majors must place at the advanced level on the world language placement test, or complete FREN-201–202 in order to begin the 30 hours of advanced work required in the major. Twenty-four hours of advanced work must be taken on campus. The remaining 6 credits may include study abroad courses. Consists of 30–36 hours, depending on placement: FREN-201 and FREN-202 or placement at the advanced level.

Both of the following :

FREN-310 Advanced Grammar and Composition

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Study and analysis of advanced grammatical structures, translation exercises and composition work. Prerequisites: FREN-202 or permission of instructor

-and-

FREN-315 Special Topics in Writing

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Provides the tools to develop and enhance students' writing skills. Focuses on the skills involved in writing in a second language. Through a variety of writing techniques and reading material, such as newspaper and magazine articles, essays, among others, students broaden their vocabulary and learn how to write creatively and critically. May be taken more than once provided different topics are covered. Prerequisites: FREN-202 or permission of the instructor

One of the following :

FREN-320 Advanced Conversation & Diction

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Expansion of listening and speaking skills. A study of French phonetics to improve pronunciation skills. Emphasis on development of oral communication skills sufficient to discuss complex issues and express abstract ideas. Prerequisite: FREN-202 or permission of instructor

-or-

FREN-325 Art of Conversation

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Reinforces more advanced syntactical structures of the language. Further develops these and vocabulary through expository, persuasive, argumentative and debate style speaking. Prerequisite: FREN-202 or permission of instructor

One of the following :

FREN-340 French Culture and Civilization

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Introduction to French culture and its Revolution. Emphasis is on the intellectual, artistic, political, social, economic, and educational factors. Taught in French. Prerequisite: FILA-150 or FILA-350; and FREN-202 or permission of instructor FILA general education: world cultures

-or-

FREN-345 Modern French Cultures

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Introduction to French culture and its historical development after the Fall of the Ancient Regime and a study of modern-day France, including geography, and consideration of intellectual, artistic, political, social, economic and educational factors. Taught in French. Prerequisite: FILA-150 or FILA-350; and FREN-202 or permission of instructor FILA general education: world cultures

One of the following :

FREN-401W Survey of French Literature I

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Representative French authors from the Middle through the 18th-century including social and historical background. Taught in French. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350; ENG-110 and FREN 202 or permission of instructor FILA general education: literature and writing intensive

-or-

FREN-402W Survey of French Literature II

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Representative French authors from the 19th and 20th centuries. Social and historical background is included. Taught in French. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350; ENG-110 and FREN 202 or permission of instructor FILA general education: literature and writing intensive

One of the following :

FREN-403W Survey of Francophone Literature

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Writings of representative Francophone authors (African, Caribbean, Quebecois), primarily of short stories, poetry and plays. Taught in French. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350; ENG-110 and FREN 202 or permission of instructor FILA general education: literature and writing intensive

-or-

FREN-300 Special Cultural Topics in English

Credits: 3 Term Offered: All Terms

Study of contemporary topics and world issues related to the cultures of the French-speaking world. Explores political, social and economic structures through literature, film, the visual arts and/or music. Taught in English. Credit available for French majors and minors upon completion of a French language component. Prerequisite: FILA-150 or FILA-350 FILA general education: global dynamics

-or-

FREN-308 Francophone Cultural Studies

Credits: 3 Term Offered: May Term

Travel course requiring immersion homestay and language courses. Covers themes of Francophone Caribbean societies and cultures within their social and political contexts. Includes excursions to several different islands to gain a greater awareness of the varied societies within these regional contexts.

And 6 credits of electives from FREN courses numbered 300 or above; plus 6 additional credits from study abroad or other French-language experience at the advanced level.

Spanish Major

Degree Type Offered: B.A. Major

Requires the bachelor of arts degree. All majors must place at the advanced level on the world language placement test, or complete SPAN-201–202 in order to begin the 30 hours of advanced work required. Twenty-four hours of advanced work must be taken on campus. The remaining 6 credits may include study abroad courses. Consists of 30–36 hours, depending on placement: SPAN-201 and SPAN-202 or placement at the advanced level.

Both of the following :

SPAN-310W The Structure of Spanish

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

This course introduces students to the linguistic structure of Spanish. By allowing students to solve problem sets, write papers, make oral presentations, and lead in-class discussions, students will learn the main aspects of the morphological and syntactic structure (words and sentences) of Spanish. Furthermore, this course introduces the history of the Spanish language, in other words, how Spanish evolved from Latin. This course will be taught in Spanish. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350, ENG-110, and SPAN-202 or permission of instructor FILA general education: writing intensive

-and-

SPAN-315W Advanced Writing Strategies

Credits: 3 Term Offered: S

Advanced practice in the mechanics of effective writing in a variety of formal and informal genres in Spanish. Course focuses on skills necessary for composing compelling and effective writing in Spanish by reading samples of strong writing from various genres, practicing the grammatical and structural topics that make up effective writing, and engaging in the peer review process. Co-requisites: PDP-150 or PDP-350, and ENG-110 Prerequisites: SPAN-202 or permission of the instructor FILA general education: writing intensive

One of the following :

SPAN-320 Advanced Conversation and Diction

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Develops and improves oral and listening skills, broadens vocabulary and strengthens grammar. Engages students in functional daily conversations and expression of opinions on culture and current issues. Includes writing component related topics in the readings. Prerequisite: SPAN-202 or permission of the instructor

-or-

SPAN-325 Art of Conversation

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Reinforces more advanced syntactical structures of the language. Further develops these and vocabulary through expository, persuasive, argumentative and debate style speaking. Prerequisite: SPAN-202 or permission of instructor

Both of the following :

SPAN-340 Spanish Culture and Civilization

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

The historical development of Spain, including consideration of geography, as well as political, social, economic, intellectual, and artistic factors. Taught in Spanish. Prerequisite: SPAN-202 or permission of instructor

-and-

SPAN-345 Latin American Culture and Civilization

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

The historical development of Spanish-speaking and Latin America including consideration of geography as well as political, social, economic, intellectual, and artistic factors. Taught in Spanish. Prerequisite: SPAN-202 or permission of instructor

One of the following :

SPAN-401 Spanish Literature

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Representative authors, works, and literary movement of Spain, including social and historical background. Taught in Spanish. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350 and SPAN-202 FILA general education: literature

-or-

SPAN-402 Latin American Literature

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Representative authors, works, and literary movements of Latin America, including social and historical background. Taught in Spanish. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350 and SPAN 202 or permission of instructor FILA general education: literature

And 6 credits of electives from SPAN courses numbered 300 or above; plus 6 additional credits from study abroad or other Spanish-language experience at the advanced level.

French Minor

Degree Type Offered: Minor

All minors must place at the advanced level on the world language placement test or complete French
201–202 in order to begin the 21 hours of advanced work required. The French minor consists of 21–27
credit hours depending on placement and consists of:

Both of the following :

FREN-310 Advanced Grammar and Composition

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Study and analysis of advanced grammatical structures, translation exercises and composition work. Prerequisites: FREN-202 or permission of instructor

-and-

FREN-315 Special Topics in Writing

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Provides the tools to develop and enhance students' writing skills. Focuses on the skills involved in writing in a second language. Through a variety of writing techniques and reading material, such as newspaper and magazine articles, essays, among others, students broaden their vocabulary and learn how to write creatively and critically. May be taken more than once provided different topics are covered. Prerequisites: FREN-202 or permission of the instructor

One of the following :

FREN-320 Advanced Conversation & Diction

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Expansion of listening and speaking skills. A study of French phonetics to improve pronunciation skills. Emphasis on development of oral communication skills sufficient to discuss complex issues and express abstract ideas. Prerequisite: FREN-202 or permission of instructor

-or-

FREN-325 Art of Conversation

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Reinforces more advanced syntactical structures of the language. Further develops these and vocabulary through expository, persuasive, argumentative and debate style speaking. Prerequisite: FREN-202 or permission of instructor

One of the following :

FREN-340 French Culture and Civilization

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Introduction to French culture and its Revolution. Emphasis is on the intellectual, artistic, political, social, economic, and educational factors. Taught in French. Prerequisite: FILA-150 or FILA-350; and FREN-202 or permission of instructor FILA general education: world cultures

-or-

FREN-345 Modern French Cultures

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Introduction to French culture and its historical development after the Fall of the Ancient Regime and a study of modern-day France, including geography, and consideration of intellectual, artistic, political, social, economic and educational factors. Taught in French. Prerequisite: FILA-150 or FILA-350; and FREN-202 or permission of instructor FILA general education: world cultures

One of the following :

FREN-401W Survey of French Literature I

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Representative French authors from the Middle through the 18th-century including social and historical background. Taught in French. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350; ENG-110 and FREN 202 or permission of instructor FILA general education: literature and writing intensive

-or-

FREN-402W Survey of French Literature II

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Representative French authors from the 19th and 20th centuries. Social and historical background is included. Taught in French. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350; ENG-110 and FREN 202 or permission of instructor FILA general education: literature and writing intensive

And 6 credits in electives from FREN courses numbered 300 or above.

German Minor

Degree Type Offered: Minor

All minors must place at the advanced level on the world language placement test or complete German 201–202 in order to begin the 18 hours of advanced work required. The German minor consists of 18–24 credit hours depending on placement. Eighteen credit hours numbered 300 or above are chosen in consultation with the German minor advisor. Coursework is normally done in Germany, as part of the study abroad program, but some advanced coursework also may be transferred from their colleges or universities with the approval of the provost and vice president for academic affairs.

Spanish Minor

Degree Type Offered: Minor

All minors must place at the advanced level on the world language placement test or complete SPAN-201–202 in order to begin the 21 hours of advanced work required. The Spanish minor consists of 21–27 credit hours depending on placement and consists of:

Both of the following :

SPAN-310W The Structure of Spanish

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

This course introduces students to the linguistic structure of Spanish. By allowing students to solve problem sets, write papers, make oral presentations, and lead in-class discussions, students will learn the main aspects of the morphological and syntactic structure (words and sentences) of Spanish. Furthermore, this course introduces the history of the Spanish language, in other words, how Spanish evolved from Latin. This course will be taught in Spanish. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350, ENG-110, and SPAN-202 or permission of instructor FILA general education: writing intensive

-and-

SPAN-315W Advanced Writing Strategies

Credits: 3 Term Offered: S

Advanced practice in the mechanics of effective writing in a variety of formal and informal genres in Spanish. Course focuses on skills necessary for composing compelling and effective writing in Spanish by reading samples of strong writing from various genres, practicing the grammatical and structural topics that make up effective writing, and engaging in the peer review process. Co-requisites: PDP-150 or PDP-350, and ENG-110 Prerequisites: SPAN-202 or permission of the instructor FILA general education: writing intensive

One of the following :

SPAN-320 Advanced Conversation and Diction

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Develops and improves oral and listening skills, broadens vocabulary and strengthens grammar. Engages students in functional daily conversations and expression of opinions on culture and current issues. Includes writing component related topics in the readings. Prerequisite: SPAN-202 or permission of the instructor

-or-

SPAN-325 Art of Conversation

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Reinforces more advanced syntactical structures of the language. Further develops these and vocabulary through expository, persuasive, argumentative and debate style speaking. Prerequisite: SPAN-202 or permission of instructor

One of the following :

SPAN-340 Spanish Culture and Civilization

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

The historical development of Spain, including consideration of geography, as well as political, social, economic, intellectual, and artistic factors. Taught in Spanish. Prerequisite: SPAN-202 or permission of instructor

-or-

SPAN-345 Latin American Culture and Civilization

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

The historical development of Spanish-speaking and Latin America including consideration of geography as well as political, social, economic, intellectual, and artistic factors. Taught in Spanish. Prerequisite: SPAN-202 or permission of instructor

One of the following :

SPAN-401 Spanish Literature

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Representative authors, works, and literary movement of Spain, including social and historical background. Taught in Spanish. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350 and SPAN-202 FILA general education: literature

-or-

SPAN-402 Latin American Literature

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Representative authors, works, and literary movements of Latin America, including social and historical background. Taught in Spanish. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350 and SPAN 202 or permission of instructor FILA general education: literature

And 6 credits in electives from SPAN courses numbered 300 or above.

French Cultural Studies Concentration

Degree Type Offered: Concentration

Consists of 12 credit hours distributed as follows:

Choose one course from the following :

FREN-300 Special Cultural Topics in English

Credits: 3 Term Offered: All Terms

Study of contemporary topics and world issues related to the cultures of the French-speaking world. Explores political, social and economic structures through literature, film, the visual arts and/or music. Taught in English. Credit available for French majors and minors upon completion of a French language component. Prerequisite: FILA-150 or FILA-350 FILA general education: global dynamics

FREN-305X French Life and Cultures

Credits: 3 Term Offered: May Term

An introduction to the life, culture, and history of France. Through homestays with families, daily language classes and various excursions, students will be immersed in the life and culture of France to experience firsthand the French lifestyle through its art, food, music, marketplaces, historical landmarks, and landscapes. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350 and FREN-101 or placement FILA general education: world cultures and experiential learning

FREN/HIST-307 Cultural Memory of the World Wars

Credits: 3 Term Offered: May Term

This interdisciplinary travel course (World Languages and Cultures/History) examines the history and diverse cultural memory of the First and Second World Wars in Britain, France, and Belgium. While gaining firsthand experience of contemporary culture and society in theses western European nations, the class will focus on specific sites of memory and history of these conflicts, including London, Paris, Normandy, the Somme, Verdun, and southern Belgium. Studying both literature and historical documents, students will gain an intimate knowledge of the landscapes, experiences, and legacies of the world wars within the discreet cultural contexts of Britain, France, and Belgium. Prerequisite: FILA-150 or FILA-350 FILA general education: world cultures (Cross-listed as HIST-307)

FREN-360E Introduction to French Thought

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

A survey of French thought, drawing together the evolution of French culture through study of representative philosophers and theologians. Taught in English. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350; and ENG-110 FILA general education: philosophy or religion and ethical reasoning

Choose one:

FREN-340 French Culture and Civilization

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Introduction to French culture and its Revolution. Emphasis is on the intellectual, artistic, political, social, economic, and educational factors. Taught in French. Prerequisite: FILA-150 or FILA-350; and FREN-202 or permission of instructor FILA general education: world cultures

-or-

FREN-345 Modern French Cultures

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Introduction to French culture and its historical development after the Fall of the Ancient Regime and a study of modern-day France, including geography, and consideration of intellectual, artistic, political, social, economic and educational factors. Taught in French. Prerequisite: FILA-150 or FILA-350; and FREN-202 or permission of instructor FILA general education: world cultures

Choose one:

FREN-350 Special Topics in Culture

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Study of specific topics related to the French language, culture and civilization. May be taken more than once provided different topics are covered. Taught in French. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350; and FREN-202 or permission of instructor FILA general education: world cultures

-or-

FREN-355 Special Topics in Fine Arts

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Study of specific topics related to Fine Arts, including theatre, visual arts, cinema, and music. May be taken more than once provided different topics are covered. Taught in English. May be taken for credit for French major/minor/concentration if language requirements are met. Prerequisite: FILA-150 or FILA-350 FILA general education: fine arts and music

Choose a relevant, advisor approved course in Cultural Studies, or an additional French Literature, Culture elective or May Term travel/Study Abroad course. Course choices may include FREN-305 Paris and the Provinces; FREN-307 Cultural Memory of the World Wars: Britain, France and Belgium; FREN-308 Francophone Cultural Studies; HIST-385 Topics in French History; COMM-334 Intercultural Communications; SOC-301 Classical Social Theory; and SOC-302W Contemporary Social Theory.

German Studies Concentration

Degree Type Offered: Concentration

Consists of 12 credit hours distributed as follows:

GER-224W Introduction to German Studies

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

This course provides a broad introduction to German history and culture and to the field of German Studies. Taught in English, it is an ideal course for students considering a minor in German, a concentration in German Studies, or for those with a general interest in history and culture of German-speaking countries. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350; and ENG-110 FILA general education: world cultures and writing intensive

Arts & Literature (choose one):

ART-201 Survey of Art History (1400 to Present)

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

An overview of the history of art from the Renaissance to the present. This course is a requirement for art majors and minors and is very highly recommended for other students as a visual approach to the study of history and society. Corequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350 FILA general Education: fine arts & music

ART-300W Modern & Post-Modern Art

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Critical study of the visual arts of the last 100 years with emphasis on understanding the implications of the concepts we know as modernism and postmodernism. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350; ENG 110 FILA general Education: fine arts & music and writing intensive

ENG-385W Modern Literature

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Study of the modernist movement in American, English, and world literatures with emphasis on fiction, poetry and drama written in the first half of the 20th century before World War II. Writers studied may include Hemingway, Faulkner, Yeats, T.S. Eliot, Woolf, Pound, Conrad, Camus, Sartre, Joyce, Kafka, and Mann. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350 and ENG-110 FILA general education: literature and writing intensive

GER/ENG-334W German Literature in Translations

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Study of German-language fiction, non-fiction, drama, and poetry. Additionally, students will gain knowledge of Germanic political, cultural, and literary histories. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350 and ENG-110 FILA general education: literature and writing intensive (Cross-listed as ENG-334W)

MUS-316 History of Music Since 1750

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

History of Western musical style including Classical and Romantic eras as well as music of the 20th century. Listening and reading assignments focus on specific composers and works as they relate to historical trends in musical style. FILA general education: fine arts and music

MUS-390 Special Topics: Major Composers

Credits: 2 Term Offered: Spring Only

Studies focused on one or more great composers. Analyses of scores and recordings as well as historical documents such as reviews, interviews, memoirs and manuscripts. May be taken more than once for credit if the featured composers are different each time. Prerequisites: MUS-110

THEA-255 World Theatre History II

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Survey of post-Restoration theatrical culture, history and production forms. Though it is a continuation of the World Theatre History I, the student need not have taken the previous course. Students will begin examining theatrical history and expression in Turkey, China and Japan, and move across the European continent focusing on the rise of European modernity. Students will cover Romantic theatre and opera, melodrama and poetic spectacle, Realism, Naturalism and the independent theatre movement as well as the innovation of early 20th century theatrical practitioners. The approach will be a documentary one. Students will read specific play texts in conjunction with primary evidence, textural and pictorial, using both to illuminate the creation and history of theatre. Corequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350 and ENG-110 FILA general education: fine arts and music Offered alternate years

THEA/ENG-360W Modern Drama

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Examination of theatrical literature and forms from the late 19th century well-made plays, Realism, Expressionism, Futurism and Symbolism to Epic theatre and the Theatre of the Absurd. Playwrights such as Henrik Ibsen, Bernard Shaw, Anton Chekhov, Eugene O'Neill, Bertolt Brecht, Samuel Beckett and others will be studied. The goals of this course are for students to gain an understanding of the scope, history, techniques and influence of Modern Drama. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350 and ENG-110 FILA general education: literature and writing intensive Offered alternate years (Cross-listed as ENG-360W)

Theory and Culture (choose one):

GER-305X German-Speaking Cultures

Credits: 3 Term Offered: May Term

Study of German cultures and media by traveling to German-speaking countries, such as Germany, Austria or Switzerland and other relevant European sites. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350 FILA general education: world cultures and experiential learning

PHIL-318E Philosophical Ethics

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Examines significant ethical theories such as those based upon duty, the results of actions, virtue, the benefit of actions to self and the benefit of actions to others. We will examine primary texts from thinkers such as Aristotle, Mill, Kant and Nietzsche. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350 and ENG-110 FILA general education: philosophy and religion and ethical reasoning

PHIL-333W Contemporary Philosophy

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Developments in the 20th and 21st century Western philosophy are analyzed using primary texts from both Analytic and Continental traditions. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350 and ENG-110 FILA general education: philosophy or religion and writing intensive Offered alternate years

REL-332W Reformation Thought

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

The formative period of thought for contemporary Catholic and Protestant Christianity. Thinkers include representative scholastics, the Humanists, Luther, Zwingli and the Anabaptists, Calvin, and the Catholic Reform expressed in the Councils from Constance to Trent. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350 and ENG-110 FILA general education: philosophy or religion and writing intensive Offered alternate years

SOC-301 Classical Social Theory

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Survey of classical and contemporary sociological theory, including the works of Karl Marx, Emile Durkheim, Max Weber, George Herbert Mead, Erving Goffman, Harold Garfunkel and others. Prerequisite: SOC-101

SOC-302W Contemporary Social Theory

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Survey of contemporary sociological theory, including the works of Erving Goffman, Harold Garfinkel, The Frankfurt School, Bourdieu and others. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350, ENG-110, and SOC-301 or permission of instructor FILA general education: writing intensive

BUS-365X Cross-Cultural Issues in Business

Credits: 3 Term Offered: May Term

Explores cultural differences in business practices. Combines international travel and experiential learning with classroom discussion and reflection to enrich students' educational experience. The travel portion of the course provides opportunities for direct communication with business leaders in the selected location, facility tours, and attending business lectures at local universities. Travel destinations include Europe, South America, Japan and China. On campus, students actively reflect on cross-cultural similarities and differences in the conduct of business, cross-cultural business issues, and ways to become more sensitive to the complexities, relationships, and dialogues among different cultures. May be taken more than once provided a different location is selected each time. Prerequisites: ENG-110 and permission of instructor FILA general education: experiential learning

COMM-333X Europe Media and Culture

Credits: 3 Term Offered: May Term

This course examines the historical similarities and differences between American media and European media. The course will involve approximately a week of classes on the Bridgewater campus prior to traveling to several locations throughout Europe. Three major themes will be explored: 1) the use of persuasion and propaganda techniques employed during World War II and the Cold War, 2) the development of the European television and film industry (prior to WWII and after it), and 3) issues of media conglomeration, globalization, and the influence of the American film and television industry on Europe. Cities that may be toured include: London, Munich, Prague, Berlin and Paris. (The exact cities to be visited will change each year based on availability of speakers, film festivals, and museum special exhibits.) Additional costs associated with travel. Prerequisite: FILA-150 or FILA-350 FILA general education: world cultures and experiential learning

GER-300 Special Topics in English

Credits: 3 Term Offered: May Term

Study of contemporary topics and world issues related to the cultures of the German-speaking world. Explores political, social and economic structures through literature, film, the visual arts and/or music. Taught in English. Credit available for German minors upon completion of a German language component. Prerequisite: FILA-150 or FILA-350 FILA general education: global dynamics

History & Global Connections (choose one):

ECON-440 International Economics

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Theory of international economic interrelationships, including trade, finance, and monetary policies and institutions. Prerequisite: ECON-200 or ECON-210 FILA general education: global dynamics

HIST-285 Monuments, Memorials, and Museums

Credits: 3 Term Offered: May Term

Examines remembrance as it takes shape in monuments, memorials, and museums. Students critically engage with conceptions, conversations, and controversies around memory at the intersection of history, memory studies, public/ digital history, and museum studies. Students use documents, images, and scholarship to explore different sites, traveling to monuments, memorials, and museums. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350 and a 100 or 200-level history course FILA general education: world cultures

HIST-321 Europe Since 1789

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Surveys developments in European history from the French Revolution to the present day. Major topics include the French Revolution and Napoleonic Europe, industrialization, the rise of new ideologies and systems of thought, the new Imperialism, the World Wars and the Holocaust, rise and fall of communism, and the place of Europe in the world in the early 21st century. Prerequisite: FILA-150 or FILA-350 FILA general education: world cultures Offered alternate years

HIST-311 Europe 1492-1789

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Surveys developments in European history from the discovery of the New World to the eve of the French Revolution. Major topics include Europeans' interactions with peoples and cultures outside Europe, the Reformation, the development of both limited and absolutist governments, the Scientific Revolution, and the Enlightenment. Offered alternate years

HIST-420 Modern Germany and Its Empires

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

This course is a survey and examination of modern German history and its empires from 1871 until the present. Explores major issues and broader dynamics tied to Imperial Germany, Weimar Germany, Nazi Germany, and a divided post-WWII Germany as well as current conversations. Discusses more specific dynamics including the German colonial empire, WWI, WWII and the Holocaust, and the East German dictatorship. Offered alternate years

Hispanic Cultural Studies Concentration

Degree Type Offered: Concentration

Consists of 12 credit hours distributed as follows:

SPAN-340 Spanish Culture and Civilization

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

The historical development of Spain, including consideration of geography, as well as political, social, economic, intellectual, and artistic factors. Taught in Spanish. Prerequisite: SPAN-202 or permission of instructor

SPAN-345 Latin American Culture and Civilization

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

The historical development of Spanish-speaking and Latin America including consideration of geography as well as political, social, economic, intellectual, and artistic factors. Taught in Spanish. Prerequisite: SPAN-202 or permission of instructor

SPAN-350 Special Topics in Culture

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Study of specific topics related to the Hispanic language, culture and civilization. Recent topics include, Hispanics in the U.S. Regional Studies, etc. May be taken more than once provided different topics are covered. Taught in Spanish. Prerequisite: SPAN-202 or permission of instructor

Choose a relevant, advisor approved course in Cultural Studies, or an additional Spanish Literature, Culture elective, or May Term travel course/study abroad course. Course choices may include SPAN-305 Culture of Costa Rica; SPAN-306 Culture of Mexico; SPAN-307 Cuban Life & Culture; SPAN-308X Spanish Life & Culture; COMM-334 Intercultural Communications; or SOC-335 Immigrants of the Shenandoah Valley.

Iberian Studies Concentration

Degree Type Offered: Concentration

Consists of 12 credit hours distributed as follows:

SPAN-340 Spanish Culture and Civilization

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

The historical development of Spain, including consideration of geography, as well as political, social, economic, intellectual, and artistic factors. Taught in Spanish. Prerequisite: SPAN-202 or permission of instructor

SPAN-401 Spanish Literature

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Representative authors, works, and literary movement of Spain, including social and historical background. Taught in Spanish. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350 and SPAN-202 FILA general education: literature

Choose one course from the following :

SPAN-350 Special Topics in Culture

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Study of specific topics related to the Hispanic language, culture and civilization. Recent topics include, Hispanics in the U.S. Regional Studies, etc. May be taken more than once provided different topics are covered. Taught in Spanish. Prerequisite: SPAN-202 or permission of instructor

ART-307X Visual Arts of Spain

Credits: 3 Term Offered: May Term

An introduction to the visual arts and culture of Spain. Emphasis is on both historical and contemporary works of art and architecture, taking into consideration who and what influenced the artists and architects. Students are introduced to Spanish culture through food, music, markets, historical landmarks, and its landscapes and cityscapes. Visits include art and history museums, local markets, castles, cathedrals and other culturally relevant sites. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350 FILA general education: world cultures and experiential learning

SPAN-308X Spanish Life and Culture

Credits: 3 Term Offered: May Term

This course is an introduction to the life, culture, and history of Spain. Through homestays with families, daily language classes, and various excursions, students will be immersed in the life and culture of Spain to experience firsthand the Spanish lifestyle through its art, food, music, marketplaces, historical landmarks and landscapes. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350 General education: world cultures and experiential learning

COMM-333X Europe Media and Culture

Credits: 3 Term Offered: May Term

This course examines the historical similarities and differences between American media and European media. The course will involve approximately a week of classes on the Bridgewater campus prior to traveling to several locations throughout Europe. Three major themes will be explored: 1) the use of persuasion and propaganda techniques employed during World War II and the Cold War, 2) the development of the European television and film industry (prior to WWII and after it), and 3) issues of media conglomeration, globalization, and the influence of the American film and television industry on Europe. Cities that may be toured include: London, Munich, Prague, Berlin and Paris. (The exact cities to be visited will change each year based on availability of speakers, film festivals, and museum special exhibits.) Additional costs associated with travel. Prerequisite: FILA-150 or FILA-350 FILA general education: world cultures and experiential learning

-or-

Study Abroad in Spain course

Choose one course from the following :

European Studies course (advisor approved)

Additional Spanish Literature or Culture course

HIST-311 Europe 1492-1789

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Surveys developments in European history from the discovery of the New World to the eve of the French Revolution. Major topics include Europeans' interactions with peoples and cultures outside Europe, the Reformation, the development of both limited and absolutist governments, the Scientific Revolution, and the Enlightenment. Offered alternate years

HIST-321 Europe Since 1789

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Surveys developments in European history from the French Revolution to the present day. Major topics include the French Revolution and Napoleonic Europe, industrialization, the rise of new ideologies and systems of thought, the new Imperialism, the World Wars and the Holocaust, rise and fall of communism, and the place of Europe in the world in the early 21st century. Prerequisite: FILA-150 or FILA-350 FILA general education: world cultures Offered alternate years

HIST-380 Topics in European History

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

A study of major themes, questions, events, and problems in European history chosen by the instructor. The course will include the examination of primary documents and/or artifacts and explore the implications of the theme on the cultures, economics, and social systems of the region. Examples include the Greeks and the Romans, the Crusades, the Renaissance, the Protestant Reformation, and others. Prerequisite: FILA-150 or FILA-350 FILA general education: world cultures

HIST-125 The Atlantic World, 1450-1800

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Examines the rise and fall of an Atlantic World system that tied Europe, Africa and the Americas into a web of cultural, political and economic interdependence. Major themes include different models of New World exploration, colonization by European colonial powers, missionary activities and religious migrations, the ramifications of New World slavery, encounters and conflicts between native and colonial peoples, and the development of nation states in the Western Hemisphere. Corequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350 and ENG-110 FILA general education: history

Latin American Studies Concentration

Degree Type Offered: Concentration

Consists of 12 credit hours distributed as follows:

 

SPAN-345 Latin American Culture and Civilization

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

The historical development of Spanish-speaking and Latin America including consideration of geography as well as political, social, economic, intellectual, and artistic factors. Taught in Spanish. Prerequisite: SPAN-202 or permission of instructor

SPAN-402 Latin American Literature

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Representative authors, works, and literary movements of Latin America, including social and historical background. Taught in Spanish. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350 and SPAN 202 or permission of instructor FILA general education: literature

Choose one course from the following :

SPAN-350 Special Topics in Culture

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Study of specific topics related to the Hispanic language, culture and civilization. Recent topics include, Hispanics in the U.S. Regional Studies, etc. May be taken more than once provided different topics are covered. Taught in Spanish. Prerequisite: SPAN-202 or permission of instructor

SPAN-305 Culture of Costa Rica

Credits: 3 Term Offered: May Term

Travel course requiring immersion homestay and language courses in the capital city. Covers themes of Central American life and cultures. Includes excursions out of the city to gain a greater awareness of the whole society within the regional context. Prerequisite: FILA-150 or FILA-350 FILA general education: world cultures

SPAN-306 Culture of Mexico

Credits: 3 Term Offered: May Term

Travel course designed as a total immersion cultural experience. Classes in language, conversation and culture taken at a Mexican university in Cuernavaca. Students live with families. Includes weekend excursions and visits to museums. Taught in Spanish.

Study Abroad in Latin America course

Choose one course from the following :

Latin American Studies course (advisor approved)

Additional Spanish Literature or Culture course

PSCI-310 Latin American Politics

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Comparative analysis of contemporary Latin American politics and governments. Considers political and economic themes, noting especially the challenges of democracy, development and inequality. Examines the region's relationship with the rest of the world, including the United States. Prerequisite: FILA-150 or FILA-350 FILA general education: world cultures

HIST-120 The Pacific World

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Examines the history of the Pacific Ocean world from around 1500 to the present. While surveying the histories of key societies in the Asia-Pacific region, the course also examines the intricate connections in this diverse world. Major themes include cultural encounters, trade, migration, empires, and conflicts. Corequisite: FILA-150 or FILA-350 FILA general education: history

-or-

HIST-125 The Atlantic World, 1450-1800

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Examines the rise and fall of an Atlantic World system that tied Europe, Africa and the Americas into a web of cultural, political and economic interdependence. Major themes include different models of New World exploration, colonization by European colonial powers, missionary activities and religious migrations, the ramifications of New World slavery, encounters and conflicts between native and colonial peoples, and the development of nation states in the Western Hemisphere. Corequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350 and ENG-110 FILA general education: history

SOC-361 Development and Underdevelopment in the Modern World

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Dilemmas, tensions, and theoretical and policy issues related to the position of Third World countries in the modern world. Questions of urbanization, industrialization, modernization, westernization, and distribution of economic resources are discussed. Various theories of development and underdevelopment are critically examined. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350 and SOC-101 FILA general education: global dynamics

World Languages: French or Spanish Concentration

Degree Type Offered: Concentration

Consists of 12 credit hours from the courses listed below (Grammar, Writing and Conversation) in a
language that is not the same as current major or minor.

SPAN/FREN-202 Intermediate Spanish II

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Continued strengthening of core skills with a practical approach. Emphasis given to augment professional competency in the language through career focused vocabulary and grammatical structures in key career fields. Modern cultural and literary texts are included. Prerequisites: SPAN-201 or placement

SPAN/FREN-310W The Structure of Spanish

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

This course introduces students to the linguistic structure of Spanish. By allowing students to solve problem sets, write papers, make oral presentations, and lead in-class discussions, students will learn the main aspects of the morphological and syntactic structure (words and sentences) of Spanish. Furthermore, this course introduces the history of the Spanish language, in other words, how Spanish evolved from Latin. This course will be taught in Spanish. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350, ENG-110, and SPAN-202 or permission of instructor FILA general education: writing intensive

SPAN/FREN-315 Special Topics in Writing

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Provides the tools to develop and enhance students' writing skills. Focuses on the skills involved in writing in a second language. Through a variety of writing techniques and reading material, such as newspaper and magazine articles, essays, among others, students broaden their vocabulary and learn how to write creatively and critically. May be taken more than once provided different topics are covered. Prerequisites: FREN-202 or permission of the instructor

SPAN/FREN-325 Art of Conversation

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Reinforces more advanced syntactical structures of the language. Further develops these and vocabulary through expository, persuasive, argumentative and debate style speaking. Prerequisite: SPAN-202 or permission of instructor

-or-

SPAN/FREN-330 Special Topics in Conversation

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Provides a practical opportunity to enhance students' oral and aural skills. Focus may include the discussion of practical topics related to careers such as medical, business, journalism, etc. Prerequisite: SPAN-202 or permission of the instructor

Courses

FREN-101 Elementary French I

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Introduction to the structure and practice of modern French through the skills of speaking, listening, reading, writing and culture.

FREN-102 Elementary French II

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Introduction to the structure and practice of modern French through the skills of speaking, listening, reading, writing and culture. Prerequisite: FREN-101 or placement

FREN-201 Intermediate French I

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Strengthening the skills of speaking, listening, reading, writing and culture at the intermediate level. Modern cultural and literary texts are included. Prerequisite: FREN-102 or placement

FREN-202 Intermediate French I

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Continued strengthening of the core skills with a practical approach. Emphasis given to augment professional competency in the language through career focused vocabulary and grammatical structures in key career fields. Modern cultural and literary texts are included. Prerequisite: FREN-201 or placement

FREN-300 Special Cultural Topics in English

Credits: 3 Term Offered: All Terms

Study of contemporary topics and world issues related to the cultures of the French-speaking world. Explores political, social and economic structures through literature, film, the visual arts and/or music. Taught in English. Credit available for French majors and minors upon completion of a French language component. Prerequisite: FILA-150 or FILA-350 FILA general education: global dynamics

FREN-305X French Life and Cultures

Credits: 3 Term Offered: May Term

An introduction to the life, culture, and history of France. Through homestays with families, daily language classes and various excursions, students will be immersed in the life and culture of France to experience firsthand the French lifestyle through its art, food, music, marketplaces, historical landmarks, and landscapes. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350 and FREN-101 or placement FILA general education: world cultures and experiential learning

FREN-307 Cultural Memory of the World Wars

Credits: 3 Term Offered: May Term

This interdisciplinary travel course (World Languages and Cultures/History) examines the history and diverse cultural memory of the First and Second World Wars in Britain, France, and Belgium. While gaining firsthand experience of contemporary culture and society in theses western European nations, the class will focus on specific sites of memory and history of these conflicts, including London, Paris, Normandy, the Somme, Verdun, and southern Belgium. Studying both literature and historical documents, students will gain an intimate knowledge of the landscapes, experiences, and legacies of the world wars within the discreet cultural contexts of Britain, France, and Belgium. Prerequisite: FILA-150 or FILA-350 FILA general education: world cultures (Cross-listed as HIST-307)

FREN-308 Francophone Cultural Studies

Credits: 3 Term Offered: May Term

Travel course requiring immersion homestay and language courses. Covers themes of Francophone Caribbean societies and cultures within their social and political contexts. Includes excursions to several different islands to gain a greater awareness of the varied societies within these regional contexts.

FREN-310 Advanced Grammar and Composition

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Study and analysis of advanced grammatical structures, translation exercises and composition work. Prerequisites: FREN-202 or permission of instructor

FREN-315 Special Topics in Writing

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Provides the tools to develop and enhance students' writing skills. Focuses on the skills involved in writing in a second language. Through a variety of writing techniques and reading material, such as newspaper and magazine articles, essays, among others, students broaden their vocabulary and learn how to write creatively and critically. May be taken more than once provided different topics are covered. Prerequisites: FREN-202 or permission of the instructor

FREN-317 ESL and World Language Teaching

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Covers materials on instructional practice and student assessment as they relate to the teaching of English as a Second Language (ESL) and foreign languages. Material and discussions are focused on the central theme of how to contextualize language instruction and how to run a proficiency-oriented classroom. Taught in English. Required for students seeking ESL endorsement. Strongly recommended for students preparing to teach Spanish or French. Prerequisites: ENG-110 (Cross-listed as ENG/SPAN-317)

FREN-320 Advanced Conversation & Diction

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Expansion of listening and speaking skills. A study of French phonetics to improve pronunciation skills. Emphasis on development of oral communication skills sufficient to discuss complex issues and express abstract ideas. Prerequisite: FREN-202 or permission of instructor

FREN-325 Art of Conversation

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Reinforces more advanced syntactical structures of the language. Further develops these and vocabulary through expository, persuasive, argumentative and debate style speaking. Prerequisite: FREN-202 or permission of instructor

FREN-330 Special Topics in Conversation

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Provides a practical opportunity to enhance students' oral and aural skills. Focus may include the discussion of practical topics related to careers such as medical, business, journalism, etc. Prerequisites: FREN-202 or permission of the instructor

FREN-335W French Literature in Translation

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Selected readings of the fiction, drama, poetry, and non-fiction prose of French literature. Includes study of French political and cultural history as a way to examine recurring themes, innovation, and movements in literature. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350 and ENG-110 FILA general education: literature and writing intensive (Cross-listed as ENG-335W)

FREN-340 French Culture and Civilization

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Introduction to French culture and its Revolution. Emphasis is on the intellectual, artistic, political, social, economic, and educational factors. Taught in French. Prerequisite: FILA-150 or FILA-350; and FREN-202 or permission of instructor FILA general education: world cultures

FREN-345 Modern French Cultures

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Introduction to French culture and its historical development after the Fall of the Ancient Regime and a study of modern-day France, including geography, and consideration of intellectual, artistic, political, social, economic and educational factors. Taught in French. Prerequisite: FILA-150 or FILA-350; and FREN-202 or permission of instructor FILA general education: world cultures

FREN-350 Special Topics in Culture

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Study of specific topics related to the French language, culture and civilization. May be taken more than once provided different topics are covered. Taught in French. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350; and FREN-202 or permission of instructor FILA general education: world cultures

FREN-355 Special Topics in Fine Arts

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Study of specific topics related to Fine Arts, including theatre, visual arts, cinema, and music. May be taken more than once provided different topics are covered. Taught in English. May be taken for credit for French major/minor/concentration if language requirements are met. Prerequisite: FILA-150 or FILA-350 FILA general education: fine arts and music

FREN-360E Introduction to French Thought

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

A survey of French thought, drawing together the evolution of French culture through study of representative philosophers and theologians. Taught in English. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350; and ENG-110 FILA general education: philosophy or religion and ethical reasoning

FREN-401W Survey of French Literature I

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Representative French authors from the Middle through the 18th-century including social and historical background. Taught in French. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350; ENG-110 and FREN 202 or permission of instructor FILA general education: literature and writing intensive

FREN-402W Survey of French Literature II

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Representative French authors from the 19th and 20th centuries. Social and historical background is included. Taught in French. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350; ENG-110 and FREN 202 or permission of instructor FILA general education: literature and writing intensive

FREN-403W Survey of Francophone Literature

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Writings of representative Francophone authors (African, Caribbean, Quebecois), primarily of short stories, poetry and plays. Taught in French. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350; ENG-110 and FREN 202 or permission of instructor FILA general education: literature and writing intensive

FREN-410 Special Topics in Literature

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Study of a specific literary topic. Topics may include a focus on French and/or Francophone genres, movements or regional studies. May be taken more than once provided different topics are covered. Taught in French. Prerequisites: FREN-202 or permission of instructor

FREN-480 Internship

Credits: 3 Term Offered: All Terms

Provides an opportunity for a student to gain field experience in an area related to the student's concentration or career goals. Supervision of an intern is provided by an appropriate faculty member and by a staff member of the agency or business in which the student is an intern. A student who wishes to engage in an internship must consult with the appropriate faculty member at least eight weeks in advance of the start of the term in which the internship is to be completed. A description of the internship, signed by the student and the faculty sponsor, must be filed with the director of internships by the first day of the semester prior to the start of the internship. Approval of each application for an internship is made by the director of internships based upon policies and guidelines as approved by the Council on Education and the faculty. To be considered for an internship, a student must have junior or senior status and at least a 2.00 grade point average. Internships are graded on an S or U basis. A student may enroll in an internship program for 3 credits per semester, and internship credit may be earned in subsequent semesters subject to the limitations that no more than two internships may be pursued in any one agency or business and a maximum of 9 credits in internships may be applied toward graduation.

FREN-490 Independent Study

Credits: 3 Term Offered: All Terms

Upon approval of the department and the division head, a student with a cumulative grade point average of 2.20 or better may engage in an independent study or research project. One desiring to pursue independent study or research must submit a written description of the proposed work to the chair of the appropriate department and to the appropriate division head prior to the last day of the drop and add period for the semester in which the study is to be conducted. At the end of the semester, the supervising professor files with the registrar a grade for the student and a description of the work accomplished. Credit may be received for not more than three independent studies or research projects.

FREN-491 Research

Credits: 3 Term Offered: All Terms

Upon approval of the department and the division head, a student with a cumulative grade point average of 2.20 or better may engage in an independent study or research project. One desiring to pursue independent study or research must submit a written description of the proposed work to the chair of the appropriate department and to the appropriate division head prior to the last day of the drop and add period for the semester in which the study is to be conducted. At the end of the semester, the supervising professor files with the registrar a grade for the student and a description of the work accomplished. Credit may be received for not more than three independent studies or research projects.

FREN-499 Honors Project

Credits: 3 Term Offered: All Terms

An honors project is one in which a student researches a subject, by examination of relevant literature or by experimentation or both; the student reports the results in an accurately documented and well-written paper or appropriate representation of the work. Whenever the study deals with the subject of an established course, the student is expected to go well beyond the usual work of the course in research and in assimilation of the results as revealed in the report. Juniors and seniors with a cumulative grade point average of 3.40 or above may register for an honors project. One desiring to pursue an honors project must submit a written description of his or her proposed work to the chair of the appropriate department and to the appropriate division head prior to the last day of the drop and add period for the semester in which the study is to be conducted. Upon the completion of the Honors Project, the student must present an oral defense of his or her project. The final grade must include a satisfactory performance on the oral defense, assessed by a three-faculty member team. The Project Advisor will authorize the make-up of the oral defense team and will assign the final grade on the project. The honors project title will be noted on the student's transcript. It is the student's responsibility to provide a copy of the written paper or appropriate representation of the work to the library in compliance with specifications approved by the Council on Education. The library director arranges for binding and storage.

GER-101 Elementary German I

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Introduction to the structure and practice of modern German through the skills of speaking, listening, reading, writing and culture.

GER-102 Elementary German II

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Introduction to the structure and practice of modern German through the skills of speaking, listening, reading, writing and culture. Prerequisite: GER-101 or placement

GER-201 Intermediate German I

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Strengthening the skills of speaking, listening, reading, writing and culture at the intermediate level. Modern cultural and literary texts are included. Prerequisite: GER-102 or placement

GER-202 Intermediate German II

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Strengthening the skills of speaking, listening, reading, writing and culture at the intermediate level. Modern cultural and literary texts are included. Prerequisite: GER-201 or placement

GER-224W Introduction to German Studies

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

This course provides a broad introduction to German history and culture and to the field of German Studies. Taught in English, it is an ideal course for students considering a minor in German, a concentration in German Studies, or for those with a general interest in history and culture of German-speaking countries. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350; and ENG-110 FILA general education: world cultures and writing intensive

GER-300 Special Topics in English

Credits: 3 Term Offered: May Term

Study of contemporary topics and world issues related to the cultures of the German-speaking world. Explores political, social and economic structures through literature, film, the visual arts and/or music. Taught in English. Credit available for German minors upon completion of a German language component. Prerequisite: FILA-150 or FILA-350 FILA general education: global dynamics

GER-305X German-Speaking Cultures

Credits: 3 Term Offered: May Term

Study of German cultures and media by traveling to German-speaking countries, such as Germany, Austria or Switzerland and other relevant European sites. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350 FILA general education: world cultures and experiential learning

GER-334W German Literature in Translations

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Study of German-language fiction, non-fiction, drama, and poetry. Additionally, students will gain knowledge of Germanic political, cultural, and literary histories. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350 and ENG-110 FILA general education: literature and writing intensive (Cross-listed as ENG-334W)

GER-490 Independent Study

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Upon approval of the department and the division head, a student with a cumulative grade point average of 2.20 or better may engage in an independent study or research project. One desiring to pursue independent study or research must submit a written description of the proposed work to the chair of the appropriate department and to the appropriate division head prior to the last day of the drop and add period for the semester in which the study is to be conducted. At the end of the semester, the supervising professor files with the registrar a grade for the student and a description of the work accomplished. Credit may be received for not more than three independent studies or research projects.

LANG-101 Exploration of World Languages I

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Provides elementary introduction to a Non-European language and culture. Some examples could be, but not limited to: Arabic; Mandarin; Japanese; or other languages in demand. This course will provide an elementary understanding of alphabet/character set, pronunciation, themed vocabulary, basic communicative skills and grammar along with cultural knowledge, etc. Students enrolled in these classes will be participating in a teleconference learning environment with students from other Virginia Independent Colleges. Arabic is currently offered on-campus. Prerequisites: sophomore standing for non-Bridgewater based courses (e.g. Mandarin)

LANG-102 Exploration of World Languages II

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Provide elementary introduction to a Non-European language and culture. Some examples could be, but not limited to: Arabic; Mandarin; Japanese; or other languages in demand. This course will provide an elementary understanding of alphabet/character set, pronunciation, themed vocabulary, basic communicative skills and grammar along with cultural knowledge, etc. Students enrolled in these classes will be participating in a teleconference learning environment with students from other Virginia Independent Colleges. Arabic is currently offered on-campus. Prerequisite: LANG-101 and sophomore standing for non-Bridgewater based courses (e.g. Mandarin)

LANG-201 Exploration of World Languages III

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Provides an intermediate level introduction to a non-European language and culture. Examples include, but are not limited to: Arabic, Mandarin, Japanese or other languages in demand. Provides an intermediate understanding of alphabet/character set, pronunciation, themed vocabulary, basic communicative skills and grammar, along with cultural knowledge, etc. Students enrolled in these classes will be participating in a teleconference learning environment with students from other Virginia Independent Colleges. Arabic is currently offered on-campus. Prerequisite: LANG-102 and sophomore standing for non-Bridgewater based courses

LANG-202 Exploration of World Languages IV

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Provides a continuation of an intermediate level introduction to a non-European language and culture. Examples include, but are not limited to: Arabic, Mandarin, Japanese or other languages in demand. Provides an intermediate understanding of alphabet/character set, pronunciation, themed vocabulary, basic communicative skills and grammar, along with cultural knowledge, etc. Students enrolled in these classes will be participating in a teleconference learning environment with students from other Virginia Independent Colleges. Arabic is currently offered on-campus. Prerequisites: LANG-201 and sophomore standing for non-Bridgewater based courses(e.g. Mandarin)

SPAN-101 Elementary Spanish I

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Introduction to the structure and practice of modern Spanish through the skills of speaking, listening, reading, writing and culture.

SPAN-102 Elementary Spanish II

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Introduction to the structure and practice of modern Spanish through the skills of speaking, listening, reading, writing and culture. Prerequisite: SPAN-101 or placement

SPAN-201 Intermediate Spanish I

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Strengthening the skills of speaking, listening, reading, writing and culture at the intermediate level. Modern cultural and literary texts are included. Prerequisite: SPAN-102 or placement

SPAN-202 Intermediate Spanish II

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Continued strengthening of core skills with a practical approach. Emphasis given to augment professional competency in the language through career focused vocabulary and grammatical structures in key career fields. Modern cultural and literary texts are included. Prerequisites: SPAN-201 or placement

SPAN-300 Special Cultural Topics in English

Credits: 3 Term Offered: May Term

Study of contemporary topics and world issues related to the cultures of the Spanish-speaking world. Explores political, social and economic structures through literature, film, the visual arts, and/or music. Taught in English. Credit available for Spanish majors and minors upon completion of a Spanish language component. Prerequisite: FILA-150 or FILA-350 FILA general education: world cultures

SPAN-305 Culture of Costa Rica

Credits: 3 Term Offered: May Term

Travel course requiring immersion homestay and language courses in the capital city. Covers themes of Central American life and cultures. Includes excursions out of the city to gain a greater awareness of the whole society within the regional context. Prerequisite: FILA-150 or FILA-350 FILA general education: world cultures

SPAN-306 Culture of Mexico

Credits: 3 Term Offered: May Term

Travel course designed as a total immersion cultural experience. Classes in language, conversation and culture taken at a Mexican university in Cuernavaca. Students live with families. Includes weekend excursions and visits to museums. Taught in Spanish.

SPAN-307X Cuban Life & Culture

Credits: 3 Term Offered: May Term

Travel course to Cuba. The first two weeks will be spent in Havana with daily language and culture classes, excursions around the city to museums, musical events, and other relevant cultural activities. Students will stay with a host family in Paris. Week three will be spent traveling around the island to see and study Caribbean architecture and colonial heritage. Prerequisite: FILA-150 or FILA-350 FILA general education: global dynamics and experiential learning

SPAN-308X Spanish Life and Culture

Credits: 3 Term Offered: May Term

This course is an introduction to the life, culture, and history of Spain. Through homestays with families, daily language classes, and various excursions, students will be immersed in the life and culture of Spain to experience firsthand the Spanish lifestyle through its art, food, music, marketplaces, historical landmarks and landscapes. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350 General education: world cultures and experiential learning

SPAN-309X Argentinean Life and Culture

Credits: 3 Term Offered: May Term

This course is a 10-day travel course to Argentina. The first six days will be spent in Buenos Aires with daily cultural excursions around the city to museums, musical events, dance lessons, and other relevant cultural activities. Students will stay in a hotel in the city, in pairs. While in Buenos Aires, students will complete research and critical analysis projects on the impact of dictatorial rule during the second half of the Twentieth Century in Argentina and the sociopolitical and cultural changes in the country since the end of Videla's regime. To this end, students will visit landmarks such as the Plaza de Mayo and similar memorial sites and explore their historical significance and connections to literature and other cultural products of Argentina. The last four days of the trip will be spent at the Iguaz Falls, on the border with Brazil and Paraguay. We will visit Iguaz to see and study salient geographic and cultural features of the region in contrast to the more urbanized environment of Buenos Aires, and the cultural, historical, and economic connections between both. Prerequisite: FILA-150 or FILA-350 FILA general education: global dynamics and experiential learning Off-Campus Travel and Cost: Multi-city travel course to Argentina

SPAN-310W The Structure of Spanish

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

This course introduces students to the linguistic structure of Spanish. By allowing students to solve problem sets, write papers, make oral presentations, and lead in-class discussions, students will learn the main aspects of the morphological and syntactic structure (words and sentences) of Spanish. Furthermore, this course introduces the history of the Spanish language, in other words, how Spanish evolved from Latin. This course will be taught in Spanish. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350, ENG-110, and SPAN-202 or permission of instructor FILA general education: writing intensive

SPAN-315W Advanced Writing Strategies

Credits: 3 Term Offered: S

Advanced practice in the mechanics of effective writing in a variety of formal and informal genres in Spanish. Course focuses on skills necessary for composing compelling and effective writing in Spanish by reading samples of strong writing from various genres, practicing the grammatical and structural topics that make up effective writing, and engaging in the peer review process. Co-requisites: PDP-150 or PDP-350, and ENG-110 Prerequisites: SPAN-202 or permission of the instructor FILA general education: writing intensive

SPAN-316X Spanish Translation for the Professions

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

The goal of this class is to improve students' mastery and understanding of the Spanish language through the activity of translating texts from Spanish to English and from English to Spanish. In this class, students will: 1) Study theoretical and practical issues relating to the process of translation, 2) Analyze good and poor examples of translation, 3) Learn strategies for creating effective, communicative translations that faithfully convey the original message, 4) Practice translating complex, contextual, and cultural documents, and 5) Work with a local non-profit organization to offer translating services in order to understand the practical realities involved in translating for a specific audience. Ultimately, this course will help students to improve their communicative abilities in Spanish and English through critical reflection on the components of public communication and its translation. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350; and SPAN-202 FILA general education: experiential learning

SPAN-317 ESL and World Language Teaching

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Covers materials on instructional practice and student assessment as they relate to the teaching of English as a Second Language (ESL) and foreign languages. Material and discussions are focused on the central theme of how to contextualize language instruction and how to run a proficiency-oriented classroom. Taught in English. Required for students seeking ESL endorsement. Strongly recommended for students preparing to teach Spanish or French. Prerequisite: ENG-110 (Cross-listed as ENG/FREN-317)

SPAN-320 Advanced Conversation and Diction

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Develops and improves oral and listening skills, broadens vocabulary and strengthens grammar. Engages students in functional daily conversations and expression of opinions on culture and current issues. Includes writing component related topics in the readings. Prerequisite: SPAN-202 or permission of the instructor

SPAN-325 Art of Conversation

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Reinforces more advanced syntactical structures of the language. Further develops these and vocabulary through expository, persuasive, argumentative and debate style speaking. Prerequisite: SPAN-202 or permission of instructor

SPAN-330 Special Topics in Conversation

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Provides a practical opportunity to enhance students' oral and aural skills. Focus may include the discussion of practical topics related to careers such as medical, business, journalism, etc. Prerequisite: SPAN-202 or permission of the instructor

SPAN-340 Spanish Culture and Civilization

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

The historical development of Spain, including consideration of geography, as well as political, social, economic, intellectual, and artistic factors. Taught in Spanish. Prerequisite: SPAN-202 or permission of instructor

SPAN-345 Latin American Culture and Civilization

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

The historical development of Spanish-speaking and Latin America including consideration of geography as well as political, social, economic, intellectual, and artistic factors. Taught in Spanish. Prerequisite: SPAN-202 or permission of instructor

SPAN-350 Special Topics in Culture

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Study of specific topics related to the Hispanic language, culture and civilization. Recent topics include, Hispanics in the U.S. Regional Studies, etc. May be taken more than once provided different topics are covered. Taught in Spanish. Prerequisite: SPAN-202 or permission of instructor

SPAN-351 Latin American Science Fiction

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

This course will explore the development of the science fiction genre in various Latin American countries and how the unique sociopolitical and cultural contexts of this region have produced sci-fi literature, comics, and films that stand apart from their canonical English-language counterparts. We will examine the evolution of Latin American science fiction production from its first manifestations in colonial literature to present-day cultural products, focusing on how each literary era reflects and engages with major sociohistorical changes in Latin America. Through critical reading of Latin American sci-fi novels, short stories, comics, and films, students will identify and discuss issues of historical memory, gender, race, politics, mass media, globalization, religion, social justice and how these relate to the authors and countries we will study. Primary sources (literary works, film) will be in Spanish, while textbook(s) and supplemental academic materials (articles, critical theory chapters) may include both Spanish and English. Class will be conducted in Spanish. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350 and SPAN-202 FILA general education: world cultures

SPAN-352W Hispanic Masculinities

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

This course will examine the social construction of masculinity in the Hispanic world. We will read about and study concepts such as honor, shame, sexual identity, machismo and their correlated societal effects. We will also research and discuss the topics of gender relations and sexuality and how these themes intersect with issues of race, class, and politics. We will explore the construction of masculinity in specific areas such as sports (futbol) and dance (tango, salsa, etc.). Our readings will primarily be in Spanish but will come from Spain, Central and South America, and also the United States. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350; ENG-110 and SPAN-202 FILA general education: world cultures and writing intensive

SPAN-355 Special Topics in Fine Arts

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Study of specific topics related to fine arts, including theatre, visual arts, cinema and music. May be taken more than once provided different topics are covered. Taught in Spanish. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350; and SPAN-202 FILA general education: fine arts and music

SPAN-356 Hispanic Cinema

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

This course is a study of the history and production of cinema in the Hispanic world. It examines the development of the cinematic arts; studies examples of unique cultural cinematic production, and analyzes relevant techniques and historical contexts. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350; and SPAN-202 FILA general education: fine arts and music

SPAN-401 Spanish Literature

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Representative authors, works, and literary movement of Spain, including social and historical background. Taught in Spanish. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350 and SPAN-202 FILA general education: literature

SPAN-402 Latin American Literature

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Representative authors, works, and literary movements of Latin America, including social and historical background. Taught in Spanish. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350 and SPAN 202 or permission of instructor FILA general education: literature

SPAN-410 Special Topics in Literature

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Study of a specific literary topic. Recent topics include Latin American short story, Generation of '98, and Hispanic women writers. May be taken more than once, provided different topics. Taught in Spanish. Prerequisite: SPAN-202 or permission of instructor

SPAN-480 Internship

Credits: 3 Term Offered: All Terms

Provides an opportunity for a student to gain field experience in an area related to the student's concentration or career goals. Supervision of an intern is provided by an appropriate faculty member and by a staff member of the agency or business in which the student is an intern. A student who wishes to engage in an internship must consult with the appropriate faculty member at least eight weeks in advance of the start of the term in which the internship is to be completed. A description of the internship, signed by the student and the faculty sponsor, must be filed with the director of internships by the first day of the semester prior to the start of the internship. Approval of each application for an internship is made by the director of internships based upon policies and guidelines as approved by the Council on Education and the faculty. To be considered for an internship, a student must have junior or senior status and at least a 2.00 grade point average. Internships are graded on an S or U basis. A student may enroll in an internship program for 3 credits per semester, and internship credit may be earned in subsequent semesters subject to the limitations that no more than two internships may be pursued in any one agency or business and a maximum of 9 credits in internships may be applied toward graduation.

SPAN-490 Independent Study

Credits: 3 Term Offered: All Terms

Upon approval of the department and the division head, a student with a cumulative grade point average of 2.20 or better may engage in an independent study or research project. One desiring to pursue independent study or research must submit a written description of the proposed work to the chair of the appropriate department and to the appropriate division head prior to the last day of the drop and add period for the semester in which the study is to be conducted. At the end of the semester, the supervising professor files with the registrar a grade for the student and a description of the work accomplished. Credit may be received for not more than three independent studies or research projects.

SPAN-491 Research

Credits: 3 Term Offered: All Terms

Upon approval of the department and the division head, a student with a cumulative grade point average of 2.20 or better may engage in an independent study or research project. One desiring to pursue independent study or research must submit a written description of the proposed work to the chair of the appropriate department and to the appropriate division head prior to the last day of the drop and add period for the semester in which the study is to be conducted. At the end of the semester, the supervising professor files with the registrar a grade for the student and a description of the work accomplished. Credit may be received for not more than three independent studies or research projects.

SPAN-499 Honors Project

Credits: 3 Term Offered: All Terms

An honors project is one in which a student researches a subject, by examination of relevant literature or by experimentation or both; the student reports the results in an accurately documented and well-written paper or appropriate representation of the work. Whenever the study deals with the subject of an established course, the student is expected to go well beyond the usual work of the course in research and in assimilation of the results as revealed in the report. Juniors and seniors with a cumulative grade point average of 3.40 or above may register for an honors project. One desiring to pursue an honors project must submit a written description of his or her proposed work to the chair of the appropriate department and to the appropriate division head prior to the last day of the drop and add period for the semester in which the study is to be conducted. Upon the completion of the Honors Project, the student must present an oral defense of his or her project. The final grade must include a satisfactory performance on the oral defense, assessed by a three-faculty member team. The Project Advisor will authorize the make-up of the oral defense team and will assign the final grade on the project. The honors project title will be noted on the student's transcript. It is the student's responsibility to provide a copy of the written paper or appropriate representation of the work to the library in compliance with specifications approved by the Council on Education. The library director arranges for binding and storage.