2018-2019 Undergraduate Academic Catalog

Academic Catalog

Biology

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Majors

Biology Major

Minors

Biology Minor

Emphasis

Environmental Chemistry Emphasis

Freshwater Resources Emphasis

Wildlife Biology Emphasis

Concentrations

Social Sciences for Health Professionals Concentration

Pre-Professional Programs

Dentistry

Medicine

Veterinary Medicine

Dual Degree Programs

Clinical Laboratory Sciences—Sentara RMH and Augusta Health

Veterinary Medicine—Virginia Tech

The Department of Biology is one of Bridgewater’s largest. The department, located in the McKinney Center of Science and Mathematics, offers introductory and advanced courses to provide students with a strong foundation. The rapid expansion of the biological sciences assures bright futures for well-prepared biologists. All students, regardless of major, may take a course in biolog y as the topics in ecology, cell and molecular biology will only continue to have greater impact on individuals and society.
 
The biology major has three tracks—in general biology, ecology and pre-health sciences—that easily interchange to allow students maximum preparation and flexibility. A minor in biology is recommended for students who want to pair experiences in life science while pursuing another major. The concentration in social sciences for health professionals prepares students for the complex social interactions in all healthcare fields today. In addition, the department offers emphases that are sets of courses in focused areas—wildlife biology, freshwater resources and environmental chemistry—along with internships, study abroad, field work, summer research opportunities and a chance to take classes at the Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute. The environmental science major is closely tied to studies in biolog y and students may double major. In addition, qualified students may apply to dual degree programs in clinical laboratory sciences, physical therapy and veterinary medicine.
 
Students majoring in biology find employment directly after graduation as life science teachers, laboratory technicians, health professionals, pharmaceutical salespersons, and in environmental professions including the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality. The major also prepares students for post-bachelor study. With graduate or professional degrees, Bridgewater alumni go on to successful careers as physicians, veterinarians, dentists, foresters, wildlife biologists, research scientists and genetic counselors.

Biology Major

Degree Type Offered: B.S. Major

Consists of a minimum of 43 credit hours of courses in biology, chemistry and mathematics. Students choose one of three tracks: General Biology, Pre-Health Sciences, or Ecology. The following core courses are required for each track, consisting of 26 credits:

BIOL-110 Principles of Biology I

BIOL-111 Principles of Biology II

BIOL-309 Genetics

BIOL-430 Evolution

CHEM-161 General Chemistry I

CHEM-162 General Chemistry II

MATH-130 Survey of Calculus

The remaining credits come from the tracks as follows—students choose one:

Track 1-General Biology

Consists of 17 to 20 credits chosen from the following :

Cell Biology/Physiology (1 course)

BIOL-311W Animal Physiology

BIOL-314 Human Physiology

BIOL-325 Molecular Biology of the Cell

Ecology (1 course)

BIOL-350 Ecology

BIOL/ENVR-401 Environmental Microbiology

BIOL/ENVR-435 Freshwater Ecology

Organismal Biology (1 course)

BIOL-316 Ornithology: the Biology of Birds

BIOL-320 Developmental Biology

BIOL-321 Herpetology

BIOL-322 Mammalogy

BIOL-340 Botany

BIOL-400 Microbiology

BIOL-403 Pathogenic Microbiology

BIOL-420 Plant Taxonomy

BIOL/ENVR-433 Biology & Management of Fishes

BIOL-440 Animal Behavior

And 2 elective BIOL courses numbered 300 or higher

Track 2-Pre-Health Sciences

Consists of 18 to 20 credits chosen from the following :

Cell Biology (1 course)

BIOL-325 Molecular Biology of the Cell

Physiology (1 course)

BIOL-311W Animal Physiology

BIOL-314 Human Physiology

Ecology (1 course)

BIOL-350 Ecology

BIOL/ENVR-401 Environmental Microbiology

Organismal Biology (1 course)

BIOL-320 Developmental Biology

BIOL-322 Mammalogy

BIOL-400 Microbiology

BIOL-403 Pathogenic Microbiology

BIOL-440 Animal Behavior

Pre-Health (1 elective)

BIOL-305 Introduction to Human Anatomy

BIOL-308 Domestic Animal Nutrition

BIOL-410 Immunology

BIOL-412 Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy

BIOL/CHEM-355 Biochemistry I

-or-

BIOL/CHEM-356 Biochemistry I With Lab

BIOL/CHEM-455 Biochemistry II

Track 3-Ecology

Consists of 17 to 20 credits chosen from the following :

Cell Biology/Physiology (1 course)

BIOL-311W Animal Physiology

BIOL-314 Human Physiology

BIOL-325 Molecular Biology of the Cell

Ecology (1 course)

BIOL-350 Ecology

Organismal Biology (1 course)

BIOL-316 Ornithology: the Biology of Birds

BIOL-321 Herpetology

BIOL-322 Mammalogy

BIOL-340 Botany

BIOL-400 Microbiology

BIOL-403 Pathogenic Microbiology

BIOL-420 Plant Taxonomy

BIOL/ENVR-433 Biology & Management of Fishes

BIOL-440 Animal Behavior

Ecology and Organismal Biology (1 course)

BIOL-316 Ornithology: the Biology of Birds

BIOL-320 Developmental Biology

BIOL-321 Herpetology

BIOL-322 Mammalogy

BIOL-340 Botany

BIOL-400 Microbiology

BIOL/ENVR-401 Environmental Microbiology

BIOL-403 Pathogenic Microbiology

BIOL-420 Plant Taxonomy

BIOL/ENVR-433 Biology & Management of Fishes

BIOL/ENVR-435 Freshwater Ecology

BIOL-440 Animal Behavior

And 1 Environmental Science course numbered 300 or higher, listed as BIOL/ENVR (3-4 credits)

For the elective BIOL or ENVR courses in the tracks, only 3 credits may be chosen from BIOL or ENVR-460, 490, 491 or 499, and Internship (BIOL or ENVR-480) cannot be used to meet this requirement.Students wishing to double major in biolog y and environmental science or in chemistry and environmental science may not overlap or double count the electives selected on the environmental science plan of major to the other major.

Biology Minor

Degree Type Offered: Minor

Consists of 21-24 credit hours including the following courses:

BIOL-110 Principles of Biology I

BIOL-111 Principles of Biology II

BIOL-309 Genetics

And 3 additional 300-400 level BIOL elective courses

For the elective BIOL courses, only 3 credits may be chosen from BIOL-460, BIOL-490, BIOL-491 or BIOL-499, and Internship (BIOL-480) cannot be used to meet this requirement.

Environmental Chemistry Emphasis

Degree Type Offered: Emphasis

The environmental chemistry emphasis allows students majoring in environmental science or biology to pursue additional depth of preparation in a unique combination of courses. Students learn chemical techniques, analytics, sampling methods and instrumentation which are relevant to the understanding of environmental issues. Learning to find trace atmospheric, soil and water-borne constituents of either human or natural origin are critical to identifying potential pollutants in water, soil and the organic tissues of living organisms. This emphasis gives students distinctive training in chemical analysis of the
environment.
 
The following courses are required:

CHEM-305 Organic Chemistry I

-and-

CHEM-306 Organic Chemistry II

-or-

CHEM-310 Organic Chemistry II & Spectroscopy

ENVR/CHEM-320 Analytical Environmental Chemistry

GEOL-330 Soil and Hydrogeology

Choose two:

CHEM-380 Instrumental Analysis

ENVR/BIOL-360W Environmental Physiology

ENVR-401 Environmental Microbiology

Freshwater Resources Emphasis

Degree Type Offered: Emphasis

The freshwater resources emphasis allows students majoring in environmental science or biology to focus on availability, ecology and protection of water resources. While water is a basic resource for all life, many human activities degrade water quality requiring specialists who are able to help maintain water quality. This emphasis allows students to delve into the issues of water quality from a biological, chemical and geological perspective.

ENVR/CHEM-320 Analytical Environmental Chemistry

ENVR/BIOL-435 Freshwater Ecology

Choose three:

ENVR/BIOL-433 Biology & Management of Fishes

ENVR/BIOL-401 Environmental Microbiology

ENVR/BIOL-370 Stormwater Management and Nonpoint Source Pollution

ENVR-330 Introduction to Geographical Information Systems

GEOL-330 Soil and Hydrogeology

Wildlife Biology Emphasis

Degree Type Offered: Emphasis

The wildlife biology emphasis allows students wanting the breadth of the biology or environmental science major to also focus in areas of wildlife biology and management. In this program, students take 11–17 additional credits on top of their major to specialize in wildlife. The program offers directed study in wildlife management and techniques, botany, zoology, and policy and ethics. This program along with the biology or environmental science major and the general education requirements supports students wishing to pursue careers with state and federal agencies, graduate degree programs in wildlife biology, as well as those who wish to pursue Wildlife Biologist Certification through the Wildlife Society.
 
Consists of 23 credits. The requirements are as follows:

Wildlife Management and Techniques

Take one course:

BIOL/ENVR-312W Wildlife Ecology and Management

BIOL/ENVR-365 Field Biology & Natural History

BIOL/ENVR-402 Conversation Biology

Molecules, Anatomy and Physiology

Take one course:

BIOL-309 Genetics

BIOL-311W Animal Physiology

BIOL-325 Molecular Biology of the Cell

BIOL/ENVR-360W Environmental Physiology

BIOL-412 Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy

Botany

Take one course:

BIOL-335 Summer Flora

BIOL-340 Botany

BIOL-420 Plant Taxonomy

Zoology/Organisms

Take two courses:

BIOL-316 Ornithology: the Biology of Birds

BIOL-321 Herpetology

BIOL-322 Mammalogy

BIOL/ENVR-433 Biology & Management of Fishes

BIOL-440 Animal Behavior

Policy/Ethics

Take one course:

PHIL-235E Bioethics

PHIL-320E Professional Ethics

PHIL-340EW Environmental Ethics

ENVR-234E Wildlife Ethics

ENVR-305 Natural Resource & Environmental Law

Social Sciences for Health Professionals Concentration

Degree Type Offered: Concentration

This concentration helps prepare students for health-care related careers in medicine, nursing, physician assistant, physical therapy, occupational therapy and others. Understanding the complexities of human behavior, development and identity is crucial to a successful career as a health professional. In addition, communication skills are critical for effective provider-patient relationships.
 
Consists of 18 credits including the following courses:

PSY-101 General Psychology

SOC-101 Sociological Imagination

And four courses (at least one from each category) from the following topics list:

Note that no discipline prefix may be used more than three times. For example, after completing PSY-101 and SOC-101, only two more courses in the concentration may be chosen from the PSY or SOC prefixed courses.

Topics in Behavior and Cognition

PSY-240 Behavioral Psychology

PSY-310 Abnormal Psychology

PSY/BIOL-317 Biology of Mind

PSY-330 Memory and Cognition

PSY-390 Sensation and Perception

Topics in Life Span and Development

FCS-312X Adult Development and Aging

PSY-370 Developmental Psychology

Topics in Diversity and Identity

BIOL-215 Biology of Human Diversity & Pseudoscience of Racism

FCS/SOC-368W Sociology of the Family

FCS-319 Families and Individuals in Societal Contexts

FCS-408X Parent and Child Relations

PSCI/SOC-205 Global Identities

PSY-350 Social Psychology

PSY-380 Human Sexuality

SOC-203 Social Problems

SOC-333 Racial and Ethnic Studies

SOC-334 Gender and Sexuality Studies

Topics in Communication and Health Fields

COMM-230 Communication Technologies: History, Culture, and Society

COMM-240 Contemporary Media Industries

COMM-327 Interpersonal Communication

COMM-334 Intercultural Communication

COMM-335 Communicating Sex and Gender

COMM-340 Representations of Gender, Race & Class

COMM-447 Science, Environment, and Health Communication

ES-300WX Personal and Community Health

ES-357 Global Healthcare and Sport

ES-427 Health Promotion and Wellness

ES-453 Counseling & Pharmacology

ES-456 Management Concepts in Health Care

ES-467 Health & Exercise Psychology

ES-470 Cultural Competence & Ethics Healthcare

PSY-340 Public Mental Health

SOC-451 Counseling and Personal Development

Clinical Laboratory Sciences

This program allows qualified students to seek early admission to the Sentara RMH School of Medical Laboratory Science or the Augusta Health School of Clinical Laboratory Science. If granted admission, it is the responsibility of the student to complete the following prior to entering this program:

  • The courses required for the Biology major with a minimum GPA of 2.0, including prerequisite courses for the Laboratory Science Program
  • The general education program requirements, including FILA-450
  • A minimum of 91 credit hours towards graduation, with a minimum cumulative GPA of 2.0

Upon completing this 12-month professional program with minimum grades of C in each course, the College will transfer 32 semester hours of credit to the student’s record to complete requirements for earning a bachelor’s degree from the College.

The Smithsonian-Mason Semester for Conservation Studies

Bridgewater College is a member institution of the Smithsonian-Mason Semester which is run by George Mason University out of the Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute (SCBI) in Front Royal, Va. In this program, students live on the SCBI campus (a world-class conservation research facility) and learn about the theory and application of conservation biology (including the social, political and economic dimensions). Students participate in one of two 16 credit hour programs: Wildlife Ecology and Conservation or Conservation, Biodiversity and Society (for any student interested in conservation). Interested students should visit the program’s website (smconservation.gmu.edu/programs/undergraduate) and contact the Department of Biology.
Both programs are appropriate for juniors and seniors. There are no specific prerequisite classes for Conservation, Biodiversity and Society. That program is open to all majors. The Wildlife Ecology and Conservation semester has Ecology (BIOL-350) as a prerequisite.

Dual Degree Programs (Biology)

The department has pursued dual degree programs with other institutions. These include physical therapy with Shenandoah University, veterinary medicine with Virginia Tech and clinical laboratory sciences with Sentara RMH and Augusta Health.
Qualified students may apply for early admission to the Virginia-Maryland College of Veterinary Medicine at Virginia Tech or another accredited veterinary program. If accepted, the student may earn the bachelor’s degree in biology from Bridgewater College by fulfilling the following requirements:

  • Complete all courses required for the biology major with a cumulative major GPA of at least 2.0;
  • Complete all courses required for the general education program, including PDP 450, with an overall GPA of at least 2.0;
  • Complete any remaining credits required for graduation from Bridgewater College with a grade of “C” or better while enrolled in an accredited veterinary medicine program.

Courses

BIOL-100 The Nature of the Biological World

BIOL-110 Principles of Biology I

BIOL-111 Principles of Biology II

BIOL-215 Biology of Human Diversity & Pseudoscience of Racism

BIOL-256 Conservation Biology of Florida

BIOL-257X Marine Ecology

BIOL-259 Travel Course in Natural History

BIOL-301 Principles of Environmental Science

BIOL-305 Introduction to Human Anatomy

BIOL-308 Domestic Animal Nutrition

BIOL-309 Genetics

BIOL-310 Histology

BIOL-311W Animal Physiology

BIOL-312W Wildlife Ecology and Management

BIOL-314 Human Physiology

BIOL-316 Ornithology: the Biology of Birds

BIOL-317 Biology of Mind

BIOL-319 Functional Neuroanatomy

BIOL-320 Developmental Biology

BIOL-321 Herpetology

BIOL-322 Mammalogy

BIOL-325 Molecular Biology of the Cell

BIOL-330 Biostatistics

BIOL-335 Summer Flora

BIOL-340 Botany

BIOL-350 Ecology

BIOL-355 Biochemistry I

BIOL-356 Biochemistry I With Lab

BIOL-360W Environmental Physiology

BIOL-365 Field Biology & Natural History

BIOL-370 Stormwater Management and Nonpoint Source Pollution

BIOL-375 Applied Neuropsychology

BIOL-400 Microbiology

BIOL-401 Environmental Microbiology

BIOL-402 Conversation Biology

BIOL-403 Pathogenic Microbiology

BIOL-410 Immunology

BIOL-412 Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy

BIOL-420 Plant Taxonomy

BIOL-422 Biogeography

BIOL-425 Neuroscience Methods

BIOL-430 Evolution

BIOL-433 Biology & Management of Fishes

BIOL-435 Freshwater Ecology

BIOL-440 Animal Behavior

BIOL-455 Biochemistry II

BIOL-460 Special Topics

BIOL-461 Independent Research

BIOL-462 Independent Research

BIOL-480 Internship

BIOL-490 Independent Study

BIOL-491 Research

BIOL-499 Honors Project