Academic Catalog

2018-2019 Undergraduate Academic Catalog

Biology Major

App View

Degree Type Offered: B.S. Major

Consists of a minimum of 43 credit hours of courses in biology, chemistry and mathematics. Students choose one of three tracks: General Biology, Pre-Health Sciences, or Ecology. The following core courses are required for each track, consisting of 26 credits:

BIOL-110 Principles of Biology I

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Introduction to the biological sciences, covering biological chemistry, cell/tissue structure and function, genetics and microevolution. Intended for biology, health and human sciences, and environmental science majors. Three lectures and one lab per week. Corequisites: MATH-110 or MATH-118 Biology and environmental science majors should take MATH-110. Other students should consult with their advisor about which course to take. FILA general education: natural and physical sciences

BIOL-111 Principles of Biology II

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Introduction to the biological sciences covering macroevolution (systematic, taxonomy, phylogenetics), ecology and biodiversity. Intended for biology and environmental science majors. Three lectures and one lab per week. Prerequisite: BIOL-110

BIOL-309 Genetics

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Fall Only

Introduction to both classical, Mendelian inheritance and molecular genetics with one lab per week. Prerequisites: BIOL-111 or permission of instructor; CHEM-161 recommended BIOL-216 may not be substituted for BIOL-309

BIOL-430 Evolution

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Examination of the mechanisms of biological evolution including mutation, natural selection, genetic drift, nonrandom mating, the genetic structure of species populations, the origin of new species and DNA evidence regarding relationships among species and higher taxa. Prerequisites: BIOL-309, MATH-130, and senior standing; or permission of instructor

CHEM-161 General Chemistry I

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Principles of chemistry including stoichiometry, states of matter, atomic and molecular structure, chemical bonding, periodicity, energy relationships and equilibria, acid-base chemistry, electrochemistry, kinetics, solubility, thermodynamics, kinetic molecular theory of gases, and the systematic study of families of elements. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour laboratory per week. Prerequisite: MATH-110, MATH-115 or MATH-118 FILA general education: natural and physical sciences Credit may not be received for both CHEM-125 and CHEM-161

CHEM-162 General Chemistry II

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Principles of chemistry including stoichiometry, states of matter, atomic and molecular structure, chemical bonding, periodicity, energy relationships and equilibria, acid-base chemistry, electrochemistry, kinetics, solubility, thermodynamics, kinetic molecular theory of gases, and the systematic study of families of elements. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour lab per week. Prerequisites: CHEM-161 or permission of the instructor FILA general education: natural and physical sciences Credit may not be received for both CHEM-125 and CHEM-161

MATH-130 Survey of Calculus

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Differential and integral calculus for the student who needs a working knowledge of the subject but does not plan to pursue more advanced study in mathematics. Includes theory and application of limits, derivatives, and integrals. Prerequisite: MATH-120 or satisfactory performance on placement test Credit may not be received for both MATH 130 and MATH 131

The remaining credits come from the tracks as follows—students choose one:

Track 1-General Biology

Consists of 17 to 20 credits chosen from the following :

Cell Biology/Physiology (1 course)

BIOL-311W Animal Physiology

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Fall Only

Introduction to animal physiology - how animals function at cellular, systems and organismal levels. Knowledge that is acquired in this course serves as an excellent foundation for future postgraduate or professional studies in animal health & management. Course structure: active learning lectures and applied learning labs. Development of scientific thinking and writing are significant components of the course. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350, ENG-110, BIOL-110 and BIOL-111, MATH-120 FILA general education: writing intensive

BIOL-314 Human Physiology

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Introduction to the physiology of the human body including the physiology of enzymes and membranes, tissue physiology (nervous, muscular), and a detailed survey of the physiology of the major organ systems. Three lectures and one lab per week. Prerequisites: BIOL-111; or BIOL-110 and BIOL-305 Credit may not be received for both BIOL 311 and 314

BIOL-325 Molecular Biology of the Cell

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Spring Only

The molecular basis of cell structure and function. Topics include the chemistry, architecture and analysis of macromolecules, overview of thermodynamics and metabolism, enzymology, genetic processes and controls, recombinant DNA technology, and cell signaling mechanisms. Three lectures and one lab per week. Prerequisites: BIOL-111 and CHEM-161, or permission of instructor Credit may not be received for both BIOL-216 and BIOL-325

Ecology (1 course)

BIOL-350 Ecology

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Fall Only

Analysis of the distribution and abundance of organisms, population growth and regulation, and species interactions, as well as community and ecosystem processes. Three lectures and one lab per week. Prerequisites: BIOL-111 and MATH-130

BIOL/ENVR-401 Environmental Microbiology

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Fall Only

Exploration of how microorganisms interact with their environment and the implications of these interactions for humans. Specific topics include antibiotic resistance; biodegradation; biodiversity; biofuels; bioremediation; extreme environments; geochemical cycles; methods for sampling; culture and analysis of environmental microorganisms; microbiology of air, water and soil; environmental pathogens; and microbiological treatment of sewage and water. Three lectures and one lab per week. Prerequisites: BIOL-309 or ENVR/CHEM-320 Offered alternate years (Cross-listed as ENVR-401)

BIOL/ENVR-435 Freshwater Ecology

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Fall Only

Introduction to aquatic ecosystems (lakes, ponds, streams and wetlands). Students learn about the major chemical and physical processes that determine the function of freshwater systems. Students are introduced to the major groups of aquatic organisms (algae, vascular plants, invertebrates, fish and amphibians). Strong emphasis on the impacts that humans have on freshwater systems. The lab introduces the basic skills necessary for the study and management of fresh waters. Prerequisites: BIOL/ENVR-301 or BIOL-350 or permission of instructor Offered alternate years (Cross-listed as ENVR-435)

Organismal Biology (1 course)

BIOL-316 Ornithology: the Biology of Birds

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Spring Only

Explores the anatomy, physiology, ecology and behaviors that have produced an extraordinary biodiversity of bird species. The major groups of modern birds are introduced, and their origin and ecology are examined. Students learn to recognize local species in the field and examine them in the lab using the ornithology collections. Suitable for both biology majors and non-majors. Prerequisites: BIOL-100 or BIOL-110 Offered alternate years

BIOL-320 Developmental Biology

Credits: 3 Term Offered: May Term

Introduction to developmental biology with a focus on its fundamental aspects: embryogenesis, growth, cellular differentiation and morphogenesis. The study of theory is supplemented with hands-on observations of early development in animal embryos (salamander and/or mouse, or other animals). We also consider the impact of recent advances in developmental biology on our society by exploring the ethical, moral, and religious implications, as well as the legal issues that inevitably arise from work in this field. Prerequisites: BIOL-111 and one additional BIOL course numbered 200 or above Offered alternate years

BIOL-321 Herpetology

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Spring Only

An introduction to the study of amphibians and reptiles. Lectures will focus on the origin and evolution of amphibians and reptiles, and on their biology, ecology and conservation. Lab will emphasize taxonomy, anatomy, species identification, and common field techniques used to study these groups. Prerequisite: BIOL-111 Offered alternate years

BIOL-322 Mammalogy

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Spring Only

A comprehensive survey of mammals. Lectures will focus on phylogenetics, the origin and evolution of mammals and their biology, ecology and conservation. Lab will emphasize taxonomy, species identification and common field techniques used to study mammals. Prerequisite: BIOL-111 Offered alternate years

BIOL-340 Botany

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Fall Only

A comprehensive survey of the plant kingdom that will include topics ranging from plant anatomy, physiology, diversity and ecology. Students interested in ecology, forestry and wildlife biology will find this course particularly useful. Three lectures and one lab per week. Prerequisite: BIOL-111 Offered alternate years

BIOL-400 Microbiology

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Fall Only

Introductory survey of microbiology with an emphasis on bacteriology. The lecture component covers the structure, nutrition, metabolism, and genetics of microbes, medical microbiology, diagnostic techniques, microbial ecology, and industrial microbiology. The lab component includes biological safety, microscopy, culture techniques, media, staining, identification of unknown bacteria and an independent research project. Two lectures and two labs per week. Prerequisites: BIOL-309 or permission of instructor; BIOL-325 recommended

BIOL-403 Pathogenic Microbiology

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Spring Only

Exploration of major human pathogens, including viruses, bacteria, fungi, protozoa, and helminths. Topics include host-parasite interactions, host defenses, pathogenic mechanisms, control of microorganisms, diagnosis and identification of infectious agents, antibiotic therapy, disease transmission and epidemiology. Class activities include discussion of medical case studies, literature analysis, identification of unknowns, and field trips. Three lectures and one lab per week. Prerequisite: BIOL-309 or permission of instructor; BIOL-325 and BIOL-400 strongly recommended

BIOL-420 Plant Taxonomy

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Spring Only

Broad survey of the diversity and classification of vascular plants. Students will learn to recognize common and important plant families as well as learn to identify local taxa. Traditional and modern methods of taxonomy and systematics are presented. Prerequisite: BIOL-111; BIOL-430 recommended Offered alternate years

BIOL/ENVR-433 Biology & Management of Fishes

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Spring Only

Survey of diversity of fish (with an emphasis on freshwater fish of North America). Topics include taxonomy, anatomy, physiology, behavior, and ecology. Special emphasis on management of fish populations and diversity in the face of environmental threats including pollution, habitat alteration, overharvest, and invasive species. Lab includes basic ecology and behavior but focuses heavily on common fisheries' techniques. Prerequisites: BIOL/ENVR-301 or BIOL-350 or permission of instructor Offered alternate years (Cross-listed as ENVR-433)

BIOL-440 Animal Behavior

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Spring Only

Introduction to the theoretical framework and the methodology of animal behavior research. Students examine the causation, development, current function, and evolutionary history of behavior of invertebrates and vertebrates. Integrates concepts and principles from multiple disciplines to understand behaviors such as foraging and predation, mating systems, communication, parental care, social hierarchies, and territoriality. Students also review the history of the field of animal behavior and the contributions that animal behavior research can make to applied disciplines such as environmental conservation, biomedical research, and human psychology. Prerequisites: Any one of the following: BIOL-311, BIOL-314, or BIOL-350, PSY-210, or permission of the instructor Offered alternate years (Cross-listed as ENVR-440)

And 2 elective BIOL courses numbered 300 or higher

Track 2-Pre-Health Sciences

Consists of 18 to 20 credits chosen from the following :

Cell Biology (1 course)

BIOL-325 Molecular Biology of the Cell

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Spring Only

The molecular basis of cell structure and function. Topics include the chemistry, architecture and analysis of macromolecules, overview of thermodynamics and metabolism, enzymology, genetic processes and controls, recombinant DNA technology, and cell signaling mechanisms. Three lectures and one lab per week. Prerequisites: BIOL-111 and CHEM-161, or permission of instructor Credit may not be received for both BIOL-216 and BIOL-325

Physiology (1 course)

BIOL-311W Animal Physiology

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Fall Only

Introduction to animal physiology - how animals function at cellular, systems and organismal levels. Knowledge that is acquired in this course serves as an excellent foundation for future postgraduate or professional studies in animal health & management. Course structure: active learning lectures and applied learning labs. Development of scientific thinking and writing are significant components of the course. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350, ENG-110, BIOL-110 and BIOL-111, MATH-120 FILA general education: writing intensive

BIOL-314 Human Physiology

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Introduction to the physiology of the human body including the physiology of enzymes and membranes, tissue physiology (nervous, muscular), and a detailed survey of the physiology of the major organ systems. Three lectures and one lab per week. Prerequisites: BIOL-111; or BIOL-110 and BIOL-305 Credit may not be received for both BIOL 311 and 314

Ecology (1 course)

BIOL-350 Ecology

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Fall Only

Analysis of the distribution and abundance of organisms, population growth and regulation, and species interactions, as well as community and ecosystem processes. Three lectures and one lab per week. Prerequisites: BIOL-111 and MATH-130

BIOL/ENVR-401 Environmental Microbiology

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Fall Only

Exploration of how microorganisms interact with their environment and the implications of these interactions for humans. Specific topics include antibiotic resistance; biodegradation; biodiversity; biofuels; bioremediation; extreme environments; geochemical cycles; methods for sampling; culture and analysis of environmental microorganisms; microbiology of air, water and soil; environmental pathogens; and microbiological treatment of sewage and water. Three lectures and one lab per week. Prerequisites: BIOL-309 or ENVR/CHEM-320 Offered alternate years (Cross-listed as ENVR-401)

Organismal Biology (1 course)

BIOL-320 Developmental Biology

Credits: 3 Term Offered: May Term

Introduction to developmental biology with a focus on its fundamental aspects: embryogenesis, growth, cellular differentiation and morphogenesis. The study of theory is supplemented with hands-on observations of early development in animal embryos (salamander and/or mouse, or other animals). We also consider the impact of recent advances in developmental biology on our society by exploring the ethical, moral, and religious implications, as well as the legal issues that inevitably arise from work in this field. Prerequisites: BIOL-111 and one additional BIOL course numbered 200 or above Offered alternate years

BIOL-322 Mammalogy

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Spring Only

A comprehensive survey of mammals. Lectures will focus on phylogenetics, the origin and evolution of mammals and their biology, ecology and conservation. Lab will emphasize taxonomy, species identification and common field techniques used to study mammals. Prerequisite: BIOL-111 Offered alternate years

BIOL-400 Microbiology

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Fall Only

Introductory survey of microbiology with an emphasis on bacteriology. The lecture component covers the structure, nutrition, metabolism, and genetics of microbes, medical microbiology, diagnostic techniques, microbial ecology, and industrial microbiology. The lab component includes biological safety, microscopy, culture techniques, media, staining, identification of unknown bacteria and an independent research project. Two lectures and two labs per week. Prerequisites: BIOL-309 or permission of instructor; BIOL-325 recommended

BIOL-403 Pathogenic Microbiology

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Spring Only

Exploration of major human pathogens, including viruses, bacteria, fungi, protozoa, and helminths. Topics include host-parasite interactions, host defenses, pathogenic mechanisms, control of microorganisms, diagnosis and identification of infectious agents, antibiotic therapy, disease transmission and epidemiology. Class activities include discussion of medical case studies, literature analysis, identification of unknowns, and field trips. Three lectures and one lab per week. Prerequisite: BIOL-309 or permission of instructor; BIOL-325 and BIOL-400 strongly recommended

BIOL-440 Animal Behavior

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Spring Only

Introduction to the theoretical framework and the methodology of animal behavior research. Students examine the causation, development, current function, and evolutionary history of behavior of invertebrates and vertebrates. Integrates concepts and principles from multiple disciplines to understand behaviors such as foraging and predation, mating systems, communication, parental care, social hierarchies, and territoriality. Students also review the history of the field of animal behavior and the contributions that animal behavior research can make to applied disciplines such as environmental conservation, biomedical research, and human psychology. Prerequisites: Any one of the following: BIOL-311, BIOL-314, or BIOL-350, PSY-210, or permission of the instructor Offered alternate years (Cross-listed as ENVR-440)

Pre-Health (1 elective)

BIOL-305 Introduction to Human Anatomy

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Introduction to the structure and function of the human body, examining the skeletal, muscular, circulatory, nervous, digestive, respiratory, urinary and reproductive systems. Lecture focuses on topics of physiology/function, histology, and their relation to anatomical structure, while the lab focuses on descriptive anatomy. Three lectures and one lab per week. Prerequisites: BIOL-110, or permission of instructor

BIOL-308 Domestic Animal Nutrition

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Introduction to nutrition and digestion in domestic animals, designed primarily for students in the pre-veterinary program. Topics include major nutrient classes and their functions in the body, feed classification and chemical analysis, feed processing, and nutrient requirements. Prerequisite: BIOL-111

BIOL-410 Immunology

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Fall Only

Development of immune responses through humoral and cell-mediated mechanisms transplantation and tumor immunology, hypersensitivity reactions, autoimmunity, and serology. Three lectures and one lab per week. Prerequisites: BIOL-325 or permission of instructor Offered alternate years

BIOL-412 Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Spring Only

Comparative study of the major organ systems in vertebrate animals. Lectures examine topics such as the origin and adaptive evolution of vertebrate anatomy and the systematic relationships between vertebrate groups. The lab provides a detailed examination of vertebrate anatomy. Three lectures and one lab per week. Prerequisite: BIOL-111 Offered alternate years

BIOL/CHEM-355 Biochemistry I

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Introduction to the major biomolecular compound classes, including carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids, along with a survey of enzyme kinetics and the overall regulation of key metabolic pathways. Three lectures per week. Prerequisite: CHEM-250 or CHEM-306/310 (Cross-listed as CHEM-355)

-or-

BIOL/CHEM-356 Biochemistry I With Lab

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Spring Only

Introduction to the major biomolecular compound classes, including carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids, along with a survey of enzyme kinetics and the overall regulation of key metabolic pathways. Three lectures and one lab per week. Prerequisite: CHEM-250 or CHEM-306/310 (Cross-listed as CHEM 356)

BIOL/CHEM-455 Biochemistry II

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

A continuation of the topics covered in Biochemistry I, with special attention paid to the classic chemical reactions at work in biological systems. The intersection of biochemical principles with such applications as drug discovery and computational modeling will be emphasized as a mechanism for understanding the fundamental relationship between structure and function. Three lectures per week. Prerequisite: BIOL/CHEM-355 or BIOL/CHEM-356 (Cross-listed as CHEM-455)

Track 3-Ecology

Consists of 17 to 20 credits chosen from the following :

Cell Biology/Physiology (1 course)

BIOL-311W Animal Physiology

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Fall Only

Introduction to animal physiology - how animals function at cellular, systems and organismal levels. Knowledge that is acquired in this course serves as an excellent foundation for future postgraduate or professional studies in animal health & management. Course structure: active learning lectures and applied learning labs. Development of scientific thinking and writing are significant components of the course. Prerequisites: FILA-150 or FILA-350, ENG-110, BIOL-110 and BIOL-111, MATH-120 FILA general education: writing intensive

BIOL-314 Human Physiology

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Introduction to the physiology of the human body including the physiology of enzymes and membranes, tissue physiology (nervous, muscular), and a detailed survey of the physiology of the major organ systems. Three lectures and one lab per week. Prerequisites: BIOL-111; or BIOL-110 and BIOL-305 Credit may not be received for both BIOL 311 and 314

BIOL-325 Molecular Biology of the Cell

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Spring Only

The molecular basis of cell structure and function. Topics include the chemistry, architecture and analysis of macromolecules, overview of thermodynamics and metabolism, enzymology, genetic processes and controls, recombinant DNA technology, and cell signaling mechanisms. Three lectures and one lab per week. Prerequisites: BIOL-111 and CHEM-161, or permission of instructor Credit may not be received for both BIOL-216 and BIOL-325

Ecology (1 course)

BIOL-350 Ecology

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Fall Only

Analysis of the distribution and abundance of organisms, population growth and regulation, and species interactions, as well as community and ecosystem processes. Three lectures and one lab per week. Prerequisites: BIOL-111 and MATH-130

Organismal Biology (1 course)

BIOL-316 Ornithology: the Biology of Birds

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Spring Only

Explores the anatomy, physiology, ecology and behaviors that have produced an extraordinary biodiversity of bird species. The major groups of modern birds are introduced, and their origin and ecology are examined. Students learn to recognize local species in the field and examine them in the lab using the ornithology collections. Suitable for both biology majors and non-majors. Prerequisites: BIOL-100 or BIOL-110 Offered alternate years

BIOL-321 Herpetology

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Spring Only

An introduction to the study of amphibians and reptiles. Lectures will focus on the origin and evolution of amphibians and reptiles, and on their biology, ecology and conservation. Lab will emphasize taxonomy, anatomy, species identification, and common field techniques used to study these groups. Prerequisite: BIOL-111 Offered alternate years

BIOL-322 Mammalogy

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Spring Only

A comprehensive survey of mammals. Lectures will focus on phylogenetics, the origin and evolution of mammals and their biology, ecology and conservation. Lab will emphasize taxonomy, species identification and common field techniques used to study mammals. Prerequisite: BIOL-111 Offered alternate years

BIOL-340 Botany

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Fall Only

A comprehensive survey of the plant kingdom that will include topics ranging from plant anatomy, physiology, diversity and ecology. Students interested in ecology, forestry and wildlife biology will find this course particularly useful. Three lectures and one lab per week. Prerequisite: BIOL-111 Offered alternate years

BIOL-400 Microbiology

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Fall Only

Introductory survey of microbiology with an emphasis on bacteriology. The lecture component covers the structure, nutrition, metabolism, and genetics of microbes, medical microbiology, diagnostic techniques, microbial ecology, and industrial microbiology. The lab component includes biological safety, microscopy, culture techniques, media, staining, identification of unknown bacteria and an independent research project. Two lectures and two labs per week. Prerequisites: BIOL-309 or permission of instructor; BIOL-325 recommended

BIOL-403 Pathogenic Microbiology

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Spring Only

Exploration of major human pathogens, including viruses, bacteria, fungi, protozoa, and helminths. Topics include host-parasite interactions, host defenses, pathogenic mechanisms, control of microorganisms, diagnosis and identification of infectious agents, antibiotic therapy, disease transmission and epidemiology. Class activities include discussion of medical case studies, literature analysis, identification of unknowns, and field trips. Three lectures and one lab per week. Prerequisite: BIOL-309 or permission of instructor; BIOL-325 and BIOL-400 strongly recommended

BIOL-420 Plant Taxonomy

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Spring Only

Broad survey of the diversity and classification of vascular plants. Students will learn to recognize common and important plant families as well as learn to identify local taxa. Traditional and modern methods of taxonomy and systematics are presented. Prerequisite: BIOL-111; BIOL-430 recommended Offered alternate years

BIOL/ENVR-433 Biology & Management of Fishes

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Spring Only

Survey of diversity of fish (with an emphasis on freshwater fish of North America). Topics include taxonomy, anatomy, physiology, behavior, and ecology. Special emphasis on management of fish populations and diversity in the face of environmental threats including pollution, habitat alteration, overharvest, and invasive species. Lab includes basic ecology and behavior but focuses heavily on common fisheries' techniques. Prerequisites: BIOL/ENVR-301 or BIOL-350 or permission of instructor Offered alternate years (Cross-listed as ENVR-433)

BIOL-440 Animal Behavior

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Spring Only

Introduction to the theoretical framework and the methodology of animal behavior research. Students examine the causation, development, current function, and evolutionary history of behavior of invertebrates and vertebrates. Integrates concepts and principles from multiple disciplines to understand behaviors such as foraging and predation, mating systems, communication, parental care, social hierarchies, and territoriality. Students also review the history of the field of animal behavior and the contributions that animal behavior research can make to applied disciplines such as environmental conservation, biomedical research, and human psychology. Prerequisites: Any one of the following: BIOL-311, BIOL-314, or BIOL-350, PSY-210, or permission of the instructor Offered alternate years (Cross-listed as ENVR-440)

Ecology and Organismal Biology (1 course)

BIOL-316 Ornithology: the Biology of Birds

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Spring Only

Explores the anatomy, physiology, ecology and behaviors that have produced an extraordinary biodiversity of bird species. The major groups of modern birds are introduced, and their origin and ecology are examined. Students learn to recognize local species in the field and examine them in the lab using the ornithology collections. Suitable for both biology majors and non-majors. Prerequisites: BIOL-100 or BIOL-110 Offered alternate years

BIOL-320 Developmental Biology

Credits: 3 Term Offered: May Term

Introduction to developmental biology with a focus on its fundamental aspects: embryogenesis, growth, cellular differentiation and morphogenesis. The study of theory is supplemented with hands-on observations of early development in animal embryos (salamander and/or mouse, or other animals). We also consider the impact of recent advances in developmental biology on our society by exploring the ethical, moral, and religious implications, as well as the legal issues that inevitably arise from work in this field. Prerequisites: BIOL-111 and one additional BIOL course numbered 200 or above Offered alternate years

BIOL-321 Herpetology

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Spring Only

An introduction to the study of amphibians and reptiles. Lectures will focus on the origin and evolution of amphibians and reptiles, and on their biology, ecology and conservation. Lab will emphasize taxonomy, anatomy, species identification, and common field techniques used to study these groups. Prerequisite: BIOL-111 Offered alternate years

BIOL-322 Mammalogy

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Spring Only

A comprehensive survey of mammals. Lectures will focus on phylogenetics, the origin and evolution of mammals and their biology, ecology and conservation. Lab will emphasize taxonomy, species identification and common field techniques used to study mammals. Prerequisite: BIOL-111 Offered alternate years

BIOL-340 Botany

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Fall Only

A comprehensive survey of the plant kingdom that will include topics ranging from plant anatomy, physiology, diversity and ecology. Students interested in ecology, forestry and wildlife biology will find this course particularly useful. Three lectures and one lab per week. Prerequisite: BIOL-111 Offered alternate years

BIOL-400 Microbiology

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Fall Only

Introductory survey of microbiology with an emphasis on bacteriology. The lecture component covers the structure, nutrition, metabolism, and genetics of microbes, medical microbiology, diagnostic techniques, microbial ecology, and industrial microbiology. The lab component includes biological safety, microscopy, culture techniques, media, staining, identification of unknown bacteria and an independent research project. Two lectures and two labs per week. Prerequisites: BIOL-309 or permission of instructor; BIOL-325 recommended

BIOL/ENVR-401 Environmental Microbiology

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Fall Only

Exploration of how microorganisms interact with their environment and the implications of these interactions for humans. Specific topics include antibiotic resistance; biodegradation; biodiversity; biofuels; bioremediation; extreme environments; geochemical cycles; methods for sampling; culture and analysis of environmental microorganisms; microbiology of air, water and soil; environmental pathogens; and microbiological treatment of sewage and water. Three lectures and one lab per week. Prerequisites: BIOL-309 or ENVR/CHEM-320 Offered alternate years (Cross-listed as ENVR-401)

BIOL-403 Pathogenic Microbiology

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Spring Only

Exploration of major human pathogens, including viruses, bacteria, fungi, protozoa, and helminths. Topics include host-parasite interactions, host defenses, pathogenic mechanisms, control of microorganisms, diagnosis and identification of infectious agents, antibiotic therapy, disease transmission and epidemiology. Class activities include discussion of medical case studies, literature analysis, identification of unknowns, and field trips. Three lectures and one lab per week. Prerequisite: BIOL-309 or permission of instructor; BIOL-325 and BIOL-400 strongly recommended

BIOL-420 Plant Taxonomy

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Spring Only

Broad survey of the diversity and classification of vascular plants. Students will learn to recognize common and important plant families as well as learn to identify local taxa. Traditional and modern methods of taxonomy and systematics are presented. Prerequisite: BIOL-111; BIOL-430 recommended Offered alternate years

BIOL/ENVR-433 Biology & Management of Fishes

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Spring Only

Survey of diversity of fish (with an emphasis on freshwater fish of North America). Topics include taxonomy, anatomy, physiology, behavior, and ecology. Special emphasis on management of fish populations and diversity in the face of environmental threats including pollution, habitat alteration, overharvest, and invasive species. Lab includes basic ecology and behavior but focuses heavily on common fisheries' techniques. Prerequisites: BIOL/ENVR-301 or BIOL-350 or permission of instructor Offered alternate years (Cross-listed as ENVR-433)

BIOL/ENVR-435 Freshwater Ecology

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Fall Only

Introduction to aquatic ecosystems (lakes, ponds, streams and wetlands). Students learn about the major chemical and physical processes that determine the function of freshwater systems. Students are introduced to the major groups of aquatic organisms (algae, vascular plants, invertebrates, fish and amphibians). Strong emphasis on the impacts that humans have on freshwater systems. The lab introduces the basic skills necessary for the study and management of fresh waters. Prerequisites: BIOL/ENVR-301 or BIOL-350 or permission of instructor Offered alternate years (Cross-listed as ENVR-435)

BIOL-440 Animal Behavior

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Spring Only

Introduction to the theoretical framework and the methodology of animal behavior research. Students examine the causation, development, current function, and evolutionary history of behavior of invertebrates and vertebrates. Integrates concepts and principles from multiple disciplines to understand behaviors such as foraging and predation, mating systems, communication, parental care, social hierarchies, and territoriality. Students also review the history of the field of animal behavior and the contributions that animal behavior research can make to applied disciplines such as environmental conservation, biomedical research, and human psychology. Prerequisites: Any one of the following: BIOL-311, BIOL-314, or BIOL-350, PSY-210, or permission of the instructor Offered alternate years (Cross-listed as ENVR-440)

And 1 Environmental Science course numbered 300 or higher, listed as BIOL/ENVR (3-4 credits)

For the elective BIOL or ENVR courses in the tracks, only 3 credits may be chosen from BIOL or ENVR-460, 490, 491 or 499, and Internship (BIOL or ENVR-480) cannot be used to meet this requirement.Students wishing to double major in biolog y and environmental science or in chemistry and environmental science may not overlap or double count the electives selected on the environmental science plan of major to the other major.