Academic Catalog

2018-2019 Undergraduate Academic Catalog

Chemistry

App View

Majors

Applied Chemistry Major

Biochemistry Major

Chemistry Major

Minors

Applied Chemistry Minor

Physical Chemistry Minor

Pre-Professional Programs

Pharmacy

The Department of Chemistry provides a solid foundation in the basic areas of chemistry (analytical, organic, inorganic, physical and biochemical) for a student preparing for graduate or professional school, an industrial career or a career in chemical education. Chemistry students have numerous laboratory experiences as well as the possibility of participating in a senior research project. In addition, seniors often have the opportunity to present their work at the undergraduate research symposium sponsored by the Virginia Section of the American Chemical Society.
 
The departmental curriculum is intended to foster an increasing sense of independence in the student. Students build a firm understanding of chemical principles in general chemistry (first year) and organic chemistry (second year). In the junior and senior years, students take classes from each member of the department who specialize in different areas of chemistry, resulting in chemistry graduates who are well-prepared for graduate school or an industrial career in the sciences.
 
The pre-professional program in pharmacy is designed for students who may be interested in attending pharmacy school after graduation. Students complete a rigorous schedule of chemistry, biology and general education courses in order to satisfy the requirements of various pharmacy schools. Students generally apply to pharmacy schools after their third or fourth year at Bridgewater. Interested students should contact the chair of the Department of Chemistry.

Applied Chemistry Major

Degree Type Offered: B.S. Major

Consists of 40-42 credit hours including the following courses:

CHEM-161 General Chemistry I

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Principles of chemistry including stoichiometry, states of matter, atomic and molecular structure, chemical bonding, periodicity, energy relationships and equilibria, acid-base chemistry, electrochemistry, kinetics, solubility, thermodynamics, kinetic molecular theory of gases, and the systematic study of families of elements. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour laboratory per week. Prerequisite: MATH-110, MATH-115 or MATH-118 FILA general education: natural and physical sciences Credit may not be received for both CHEM-125 and CHEM-161

CHEM-162 General Chemistry II

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Principles of chemistry including stoichiometry, states of matter, atomic and molecular structure, chemical bonding, periodicity, energy relationships and equilibria, acid-base chemistry, electrochemistry, kinetics, solubility, thermodynamics, kinetic molecular theory of gases, and the systematic study of families of elements. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour lab per week. Prerequisites: CHEM-161 or permission of the instructor FILA general education: natural and physical sciences Credit may not be received for both CHEM-125 and CHEM-161

CHEM-305 Organic Chemistry I

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Fall Only

Structure, nomenclature, reaction mechanisms, synthesis, and identification of organic molecules. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour lab per week. Prerequisite: CHEM-162 or permission of the instructor Credit cannot be earned for both CHEM-250 and CHEM-305

CHEM-310 Organic Chemistry II & Spectroscopy

Credits: 5 Term Offered: Spring Only

A continuation of organic chemistry started in CHEM-305, including a study of the interpretation of infrared spectroscopy, proton and carbon NMR, UV-visible spectroscopy, and mass spectrometry. The lab will be an introduction to chemical research that includes research methods and techniques through a series of experiments. Prerequisite: CHEM-305 Credit may not be received for both CHEM-306 and CHEM-310, or for both CHEM-308 and CHEM-310

CHEM-370 Advanced Inorganic Chemistry

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Spring Only

Physical properties, electronic structure, and reactivity of transition metal compounds. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour lab per week. Prerequisite: CHEM-306 or CHEM-310 Alternate years: offered 2018-2019

CHEM-380 Instrumental Analysis

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Fall Only

Exposure to methods of quantitation, signal-to- noise enhancement, instrumental design and function, methods of spectroscopy, chromatography, electroanalytical analysis, and mass spectrometry. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour lab per week. Prerequisite: CHEM-250 or CHEM-305 (Cross-listed as ENVR-380)

CHEM-415 Physical Chemistry I

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Thermodynamics, equilibrium, chemical structures and reaction rates as applied to biological systems and macromolecules. Three of lecture per week. Prerequisites: CHEM-306 or CHEM-310, MATH-130 or MATH-131, or permission of instructor Alternate years: offered 2019-2020

MATH-130 Survey of Calculus

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Differential and integral calculus for the student who needs a working knowledge of the subject but does not plan to pursue more advanced study in mathematics. Includes theory and application of limits, derivatives, and integrals. Prerequisite: MATH-120 or satisfactory performance on placement test Credit may not be received for both MATH 130 and MATH 131

-or-

MATH-131 Calculus I

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Study of differential calculus of a single variable. Applications of the derivative are made to curve sketching, max-min problems, and linear approximation, and I'Hopital's Rule. Also included are applications of the Intermediate Value Theorem and Mean Value Theorem. Credit may not be received for both MATH 130 and 131. Prerequisites: MATH-120 or satisfactory performance on placement test

MATH-140 Introduction to Statistics

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Basic descriptive statistics, probability, hypothesis testing, correlation, and regression. Statistical computer software is used to analyze data. Prerequisites: MATH-118, MATH-110, MATH-115, or satisfactory performance on placement test

BIOL/CHEM-355 Biochemistry I

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Introduction to the major biomolecular compound classes, including carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids, along with a survey of enzyme kinetics and the overall regulation of key metabolic pathways. Three lectures per week. Prerequisite: CHEM-250 or CHEM-306/310 (Cross-listed as CHEM-355)

-or-

BIOL/CHEM-356 Biochemistry I With Lab

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Spring Only

Introduction to the major biomolecular compound classes, including carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids, along with a survey of enzyme kinetics and the overall regulation of key metabolic pathways. Three lectures and one lab per week. Prerequisite: CHEM-250 or CHEM-306/310 (Cross-listed as CHEM 356)

One additional CHEM course selected from the following :

CHEM/ENVR-320 Analytical Environmental Chemistry

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Spring Only

The chemistry and quantitative aspects of environmentally important cycles (C, N, O, P, S) in the context of the atmosphere, hydrosphere and lithosphere. Major environmental issues are discussed such as acid rain, sewage treatment, ozone destruction, anthropogenic climate change, air pollution and eutrophication. Laboratories involve sampling, quantitative detection and data analysis. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour lab per week. Prerequisite: CHEM-162 Alternate years: offered 2019-2020 (Cross-listed as ENVR-320)

CHEM-350 Introduction to Quantum and Statistical Mechanics

Credits: 3 Term Offered: May Term

This course is an introduction to quantum theory and statistical mechanics with an emphasis on their application to spectroscopy and thermodynamic properties. Students will be introduced to and perform relevant calculations. The results of these calculations will then be used to introduce and develop the theory behind various spectroscopic techniques as well as develop the relationships between statistical mechanics and thermodynamic properties. Students will also gain hands-on experience working with several spectroscopic instruments. Prerequisites: CHEM-162; and MATH-130 or MATH-132 Alternate years: offered 2020-2021

CHEM-360 Advanced Organic Chemistry

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Molecular orbital theory, reaction kinetics, and organic name reactions. Three hours of lecture per week. Prerequisite: CHEM-306 or CHEM-310 Alternate years: offered 2020-2021

CHEM-365 Computational Chemistry

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Designed to introduce students to the fundamental principles and techniques of computational chemistry. Approaches to be discussed include molecular mechanics, molecular dynamics, and density functional theory, among others. Discussion will focus on supporting, not replacing, the work of traditional synthetic chemists, and particular attention will be paid to the strengths/limitations of each technique for one or more specific purposes. Students will learn to model molecular systems and to critically analyze a potential energy surface, identifying local and global minima and the transition states between them. The application of these tools in ligand design and drug discovery will be a key component. Prerequisites: CHEM-306 or CHEM-310 Alternate years: offered 2018-2019

CHEM-425 Physical Chemistry II

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Physical states of solution systems- thermodynamics, equilibria, reaction rates, electrochemistry, and photochemistry. Three hours of lecture per week. Prerequisites: CHEM-415, MATH-132 and PHYS-222, or permission of instructor Offered alternate years Credit may not be received for both CHEM-425 and CHEM-427 Alternate years: offered 2019-2020

CHEM-427 Physical Chemistry of Solutions with Laboratory

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Spring Only

Physical states of chemical systems- thermodynamics, equilibria, reaction rates, electrochemistry, and photochemistry- with lab examination of reactions in multicomponent systems. Three hours of lecture and four hours of lab work per week. Prerequisites for CHEM-415, MATH-132 and PHYS-222, or permission of instructor. Offered alternate years Credit may not be received for both CHEM-425 and CHEM-427 Alternate years: offered 2019-2020

CHEM-435 Advanced Physical Chemistry

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Atomic structure and chemical bonding, based on applications of Schroedinger's Equation to structures of chemical interest. Three hours of lecture per week. Prerequisite: CHEM-425 or CHEM-427 or permission of the instructor Offered as needed

CHEM/BIOL-455 Biochemistry II

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

A continuation of the topics covered in Biochemistry I, with special attention paid to the classic chemical reactions at work in biological systems. The intersection of biochemical principles with such applications as drug discovery and computational modeling will be emphasized as a mechanism for understanding the fundamental relationship between structure and function. Three lectures per week. Prerequisite: BIOL/CHEM-355 or BIOL/CHEM-356 (Cross-listed as BIOL-455)

Biochemistry Major

Degree Type Offered: B.S. Major

Consists of 49-50 credit hours including the following courses:

BIOL-110 Principles of Biology I

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Introduction to the biological sciences, covering biological chemistry, cell/tissue structure and function, genetics and microevolution. Intended for biology, health and human sciences, and environmental science majors. Three lectures and one lab per week. Corequisites: MATH-110 or MATH-118 Biology and environmental science majors should take MATH-110. Other students should consult with their advisor about which course to take. FILA general education: natural and physical sciences

BIOL-111 Principles of Biology II

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Introduction to the biological sciences covering macroevolution (systematic, taxonomy, phylogenetics), ecology and biodiversity. Intended for biology and environmental science majors. Three lectures and one lab per week. Prerequisite: BIOL-110

BIOL-325 Molecular Biology of the Cell

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Spring Only

The molecular basis of cell structure and function. Topics include the chemistry, architecture and analysis of macromolecules, overview of thermodynamics and metabolism, enzymology, genetic processes and controls, recombinant DNA technology, and cell signaling mechanisms. Three lectures and one lab per week. Prerequisites: BIOL-111 and CHEM-161, or permission of instructor Credit may not be received for both BIOL-216 and BIOL-325

CHEM-161 General Chemistry I

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Principles of chemistry including stoichiometry, states of matter, atomic and molecular structure, chemical bonding, periodicity, energy relationships and equilibria, acid-base chemistry, electrochemistry, kinetics, solubility, thermodynamics, kinetic molecular theory of gases, and the systematic study of families of elements. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour laboratory per week. Prerequisite: MATH-110, MATH-115 or MATH-118 FILA general education: natural and physical sciences Credit may not be received for both CHEM-125 and CHEM-161

CHEM-162 General Chemistry II

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Principles of chemistry including stoichiometry, states of matter, atomic and molecular structure, chemical bonding, periodicity, energy relationships and equilibria, acid-base chemistry, electrochemistry, kinetics, solubility, thermodynamics, kinetic molecular theory of gases, and the systematic study of families of elements. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour lab per week. Prerequisites: CHEM-161 or permission of the instructor FILA general education: natural and physical sciences Credit may not be received for both CHEM-125 and CHEM-161

CHEM-305 Organic Chemistry I

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Fall Only

Structure, nomenclature, reaction mechanisms, synthesis, and identification of organic molecules. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour lab per week. Prerequisite: CHEM-162 or permission of the instructor Credit cannot be earned for both CHEM-250 and CHEM-305

CHEM-306 Organic Chemistry II

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Spring Only

Structure, nomenclature, reaction mechanisms, synthesis, and identification of organic molecules. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour lab per week. Prerequisite: CHEM-305

-or-

CHEM-310 Organic Chemistry II & Spectroscopy

Credits: 5 Term Offered: Spring Only

A continuation of organic chemistry started in CHEM-305, including a study of the interpretation of infrared spectroscopy, proton and carbon NMR, UV-visible spectroscopy, and mass spectrometry. The lab will be an introduction to chemical research that includes research methods and techniques through a series of experiments. Prerequisite: CHEM-305 Credit may not be received for both CHEM-306 and CHEM-310, or for both CHEM-308 and CHEM-310

CHEM-380 Instrumental Analysis

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Fall Only

Exposure to methods of quantitation, signal-to- noise enhancement, instrumental design and function, methods of spectroscopy, chromatography, electroanalytical analysis, and mass spectrometry. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour lab per week. Prerequisite: CHEM-250 or CHEM-305 (Cross-listed as ENVR-380)

CHEM-415 Physical Chemistry I

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Thermodynamics, equilibrium, chemical structures and reaction rates as applied to biological systems and macromolecules. Three of lecture per week. Prerequisites: CHEM-306 or CHEM-310, MATH-130 or MATH-131, or permission of instructor Alternate years: offered 2019-2020

BIOL/CHEM-356 Biochemistry I With Lab

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Spring Only

Introduction to the major biomolecular compound classes, including carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids, along with a survey of enzyme kinetics and the overall regulation of key metabolic pathways. Three lectures and one lab per week. Prerequisite: CHEM-250 or CHEM-306/310 (Cross-listed as CHEM 356)

BIOL/CHEM-455 Biochemistry II

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

A continuation of the topics covered in Biochemistry I, with special attention paid to the classic chemical reactions at work in biological systems. The intersection of biochemical principles with such applications as drug discovery and computational modeling will be emphasized as a mechanism for understanding the fundamental relationship between structure and function. Three lectures per week. Prerequisite: BIOL/CHEM-355 or BIOL/CHEM-356 (Cross-listed as CHEM-455)

MATH-130 Survey of Calculus

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Differential and integral calculus for the student who needs a working knowledge of the subject but does not plan to pursue more advanced study in mathematics. Includes theory and application of limits, derivatives, and integrals. Prerequisite: MATH-120 or satisfactory performance on placement test Credit may not be received for both MATH 130 and MATH 131

-or-

MATH-131 Calculus I

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Study of differential calculus of a single variable. Applications of the derivative are made to curve sketching, max-min problems, and linear approximation, and I'Hopital's Rule. Also included are applications of the Intermediate Value Theorem and Mean Value Theorem. Credit may not be received for both MATH 130 and 131. Prerequisites: MATH-120 or satisfactory performance on placement test

PHYS-218 College Physics I

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Fall Only

An algebra-based exploration of the concepts of motion, forces, energy, waves, heat, electricity, magnetism, optics, and modern physics. Three hours in class, one hour in recitation and two hours in lab per week. Prerequisite: MATH-120

-or-

PHYS-221 General Physics I

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Fall Only

During the first term: Kinematics, Newton's laws of motion, conservation laws, rotational motion, periodic motion, and fluid mechanics. During the second term: Thermodynamics, electricity, magnetism, optics and modern physics. A combination of lectures and learning by inquiry are employed. Computers are used for data acquisition, data analysis, and mathematical modeling. Three hours in class, one hour in recitation and two hours in lab per week. Prerequisite: MATH-130 or MATH-132 or concurrent enrollment in MATH-131, MATH-132 respectively.

Students may not double major in biochemistry and biology, chemistry or applied chemistry.

Students may not major in biochemistry and minor in biology, physical chemistry or applied chemistry.

Chemistry Major

Degree Type Offered: B.S. Major

Consists of 53-54 credit hours including the following courses:

CHEM-161 General Chemistry I

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Principles of chemistry including stoichiometry, states of matter, atomic and molecular structure, chemical bonding, periodicity, energy relationships and equilibria, acid-base chemistry, electrochemistry, kinetics, solubility, thermodynamics, kinetic molecular theory of gases, and the systematic study of families of elements. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour laboratory per week. Prerequisite: MATH-110, MATH-115 or MATH-118 FILA general education: natural and physical sciences Credit may not be received for both CHEM-125 and CHEM-161

CHEM-162 General Chemistry II

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Principles of chemistry including stoichiometry, states of matter, atomic and molecular structure, chemical bonding, periodicity, energy relationships and equilibria, acid-base chemistry, electrochemistry, kinetics, solubility, thermodynamics, kinetic molecular theory of gases, and the systematic study of families of elements. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour lab per week. Prerequisites: CHEM-161 or permission of the instructor FILA general education: natural and physical sciences Credit may not be received for both CHEM-125 and CHEM-161

CHEM-305 Organic Chemistry I

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Fall Only

Structure, nomenclature, reaction mechanisms, synthesis, and identification of organic molecules. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour lab per week. Prerequisite: CHEM-162 or permission of the instructor Credit cannot be earned for both CHEM-250 and CHEM-305

CHEM-310 Organic Chemistry II & Spectroscopy

Credits: 5 Term Offered: Spring Only

A continuation of organic chemistry started in CHEM-305, including a study of the interpretation of infrared spectroscopy, proton and carbon NMR, UV-visible spectroscopy, and mass spectrometry. The lab will be an introduction to chemical research that includes research methods and techniques through a series of experiments. Prerequisite: CHEM-305 Credit may not be received for both CHEM-306 and CHEM-310, or for both CHEM-308 and CHEM-310

CHEM-370 Advanced Inorganic Chemistry

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Spring Only

Physical properties, electronic structure, and reactivity of transition metal compounds. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour lab per week. Prerequisite: CHEM-306 or CHEM-310 Alternate years: offered 2018-2019

CHEM-380 Instrumental Analysis

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Fall Only

Exposure to methods of quantitation, signal-to- noise enhancement, instrumental design and function, methods of spectroscopy, chromatography, electroanalytical analysis, and mass spectrometry. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour lab per week. Prerequisite: CHEM-250 or CHEM-305 (Cross-listed as ENVR-380)

CHEM-415 Physical Chemistry I

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Thermodynamics, equilibrium, chemical structures and reaction rates as applied to biological systems and macromolecules. Three of lecture per week. Prerequisites: CHEM-306 or CHEM-310, MATH-130 or MATH-131, or permission of instructor Alternate years: offered 2019-2020

CHEM-427 Physical Chemistry of Solutions with Laboratory

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Spring Only

Physical states of chemical systems- thermodynamics, equilibria, reaction rates, electrochemistry, and photochemistry- with lab examination of reactions in multicomponent systems. Three hours of lecture and four hours of lab work per week. Prerequisites for CHEM-415, MATH-132 and PHYS-222, or permission of instructor. Offered alternate years Credit may not be received for both CHEM-425 and CHEM-427 Alternate years: offered 2019-2020

CHEM-451 Advanced Chemical Techniques I

Credits: 2 Term Offered: Fall Only

A year-long project in collaboration with a member of the Chemistry faculty. One hour lecture and a minimum of eight hours of lab per week. Prerequisite: Senior standing or permission of the department

CHEM-452 Advanced Chemical Techniques II

Credits: 2 Term Offered: Spring Only

A year-long project in collaboration with a member of the Chemistry faculty. One hour lecture and a minimum of eight hours of lab per week. Prerequisite: Senior standing or permission of the department and CHEM-451

-or-

CHEM-499 Honors Project

Credits: 3 Term Offered: All Terms

An honors project is one in which a student researches a subject, by examination of relevant literature or by experimentation or both; the student reports the results in an accurately documented and well-written paper or appropriate representation of the work. Whenever the study deals with the subject of an established course, the student is expected to go well beyond the usual work of the course in research and in assimilation of the results as revealed in the report. Juniors and seniors with a cumulative grade point average of 3.40 or above may register for an honors project. One desiring to pursue an honors project must submit a written description of his or her proposed work to the chair of the appropriate department and to the appropriate division head prior to the last day of the drop and add period for the semester in which the study is to be conducted. Upon the completion of the Honors Project, the student must present an oral defense of his or her project. The final grade must include a satisfactory performance on the oral defense, assessed by a three-faculty member team. The Project Advisor will authorize the make-up of the oral defense team and will assign the final grade on the project. The honors project title will be noted on the student's transcript. It is the student's responsibility to provide a copy of the written paper or appropriate representation of the work to the library in compliance with specifications approved by the Council on Education. The library director arranges for binding and storage.

MATH-131 Calculus I

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Study of differential calculus of a single variable. Applications of the derivative are made to curve sketching, max-min problems, and linear approximation, and I'Hopital's Rule. Also included are applications of the Intermediate Value Theorem and Mean Value Theorem. Credit may not be received for both MATH 130 and 131. Prerequisites: MATH-120 or satisfactory performance on placement test

MATH-132 Calculus II

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Study of integral calculus of a single variable. Included are techniques of integration and numerical methods of integration. Applications of the integral are made to computing area, volume, arc length, and selected topics. Prerequisite: MATH-131

PHYS-221 General Physics I

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Fall Only

During the first term: Kinematics, Newton's laws of motion, conservation laws, rotational motion, periodic motion, and fluid mechanics. During the second term: Thermodynamics, electricity, magnetism, optics and modern physics. A combination of lectures and learning by inquiry are employed. Computers are used for data acquisition, data analysis, and mathematical modeling. Three hours in class, one hour in recitation and two hours in lab per week. Prerequisite: MATH-130 or MATH-132 or concurrent enrollment in MATH-131, MATH-132 respectively.

PHYS-222 General Physics II

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Spring Only

During the first term: Kinematics, Newton's laws of motion, conservation laws, rotational motion, periodic motion, and fluid mechanics. During the second term: Thermodynamics, electricity, magnetism, optics and modern physics. A combination of lectures and learning by inquiry are employed. Computers are used for data acquisition, data analysis, and mathematical modeling. Three hours in class, one hour in recitation and two hours in lab per week. Prerequisite: a minimum grade of C- in PHYS-221 FILA general education: natural and physical sciences

One additional CHEM course selected from the following :

CHEM-350 Introduction to Quantum and Statistical Mechanics

Credits: 3 Term Offered: May Term

This course is an introduction to quantum theory and statistical mechanics with an emphasis on their application to spectroscopy and thermodynamic properties. Students will be introduced to and perform relevant calculations. The results of these calculations will then be used to introduce and develop the theory behind various spectroscopic techniques as well as develop the relationships between statistical mechanics and thermodynamic properties. Students will also gain hands-on experience working with several spectroscopic instruments. Prerequisites: CHEM-162; and MATH-130 or MATH-132 Alternate years: offered 2020-2021

BIOL/CHEM-355 Biochemistry I

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Introduction to the major biomolecular compound classes, including carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids, along with a survey of enzyme kinetics and the overall regulation of key metabolic pathways. Three lectures per week. Prerequisite: CHEM-250 or CHEM-306/310 (Cross-listed as CHEM-355)

-or-

BIOL/CHEM-356 Biochemistry I With Lab

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Spring Only

Introduction to the major biomolecular compound classes, including carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids, along with a survey of enzyme kinetics and the overall regulation of key metabolic pathways. Three lectures and one lab per week. Prerequisite: CHEM-250 or CHEM-306/310 (Cross-listed as CHEM 356)

CHEM-360 Advanced Organic Chemistry

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Molecular orbital theory, reaction kinetics, and organic name reactions. Three hours of lecture per week. Prerequisite: CHEM-306 or CHEM-310 Alternate years: offered 2020-2021

CHEM-365 Computational Chemistry

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Designed to introduce students to the fundamental principles and techniques of computational chemistry. Approaches to be discussed include molecular mechanics, molecular dynamics, and density functional theory, among others. Discussion will focus on supporting, not replacing, the work of traditional synthetic chemists, and particular attention will be paid to the strengths/limitations of each technique for one or more specific purposes. Students will learn to model molecular systems and to critically analyze a potential energy surface, identifying local and global minima and the transition states between them. The application of these tools in ligand design and drug discovery will be a key component. Prerequisites: CHEM-306 or CHEM-310 Alternate years: offered 2018-2019

CHEM-435 Advanced Physical Chemistry

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Atomic structure and chemical bonding, based on applications of Schroedinger's Equation to structures of chemical interest. Three hours of lecture per week. Prerequisite: CHEM-425 or CHEM-427 or permission of the instructor Offered as needed

CHEM/BIOL-455 Biochemistry II

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

A continuation of the topics covered in Biochemistry I, with special attention paid to the classic chemical reactions at work in biological systems. The intersection of biochemical principles with such applications as drug discovery and computational modeling will be emphasized as a mechanism for understanding the fundamental relationship between structure and function. Three lectures per week. Prerequisite: BIOL/CHEM-355 or BIOL/CHEM-356 (Cross-listed as BIOL-455)

Applied Chemistry Minor

Degree Type Offered: Minor

Consists of 28–32 credit hours including the following courses:

CHEM-161 General Chemistry I

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Principles of chemistry including stoichiometry, states of matter, atomic and molecular structure, chemical bonding, periodicity, energy relationships and equilibria, acid-base chemistry, electrochemistry, kinetics, solubility, thermodynamics, kinetic molecular theory of gases, and the systematic study of families of elements. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour laboratory per week. Prerequisite: MATH-110, MATH-115 or MATH-118 FILA general education: natural and physical sciences Credit may not be received for both CHEM-125 and CHEM-161

CHEM-162 General Chemistry II

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Principles of chemistry including stoichiometry, states of matter, atomic and molecular structure, chemical bonding, periodicity, energy relationships and equilibria, acid-base chemistry, electrochemistry, kinetics, solubility, thermodynamics, kinetic molecular theory of gases, and the systematic study of families of elements. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour lab per week. Prerequisites: CHEM-161 or permission of the instructor FILA general education: natural and physical sciences Credit may not be received for both CHEM-125 and CHEM-161

CHEM-305 Organic Chemistry I

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Fall Only

Structure, nomenclature, reaction mechanisms, synthesis, and identification of organic molecules. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour lab per week. Prerequisite: CHEM-162 or permission of the instructor Credit cannot be earned for both CHEM-250 and CHEM-305

CHEM-306 Organic Chemistry II

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Spring Only

Structure, nomenclature, reaction mechanisms, synthesis, and identification of organic molecules. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour lab per week. Prerequisite: CHEM-305

-or-

CHEM-310 Organic Chemistry II & Spectroscopy

Credits: 5 Term Offered: Spring Only

A continuation of organic chemistry started in CHEM-305, including a study of the interpretation of infrared spectroscopy, proton and carbon NMR, UV-visible spectroscopy, and mass spectrometry. The lab will be an introduction to chemical research that includes research methods and techniques through a series of experiments. Prerequisite: CHEM-305 Credit may not be received for both CHEM-306 and CHEM-310, or for both CHEM-308 and CHEM-310

MATH-130 Survey of Calculus

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Differential and integral calculus for the student who needs a working knowledge of the subject but does not plan to pursue more advanced study in mathematics. Includes theory and application of limits, derivatives, and integrals. Prerequisite: MATH-120 or satisfactory performance on placement test Credit may not be received for both MATH 130 and MATH 131

-or-

MATH-131 Calculus I

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Study of differential calculus of a single variable. Applications of the derivative are made to curve sketching, max-min problems, and linear approximation, and I'Hopital's Rule. Also included are applications of the Intermediate Value Theorem and Mean Value Theorem. Credit may not be received for both MATH 130 and 131. Prerequisites: MATH-120 or satisfactory performance on placement test

And three additional CHEM courses selected from the following :

CHEM-320 Analytical Environmental Chemistry

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Spring Only

The chemistry and quantitative aspects of environmentally important cycles (C, N, O, P, S) in the context of the atmosphere, hydrosphere and lithosphere. Major environmental issues are discussed such as acid rain, sewage treatment, ozone destruction, anthropogenic climate change, air pollution and eutrophication. Laboratories involve sampling, quantitative detection and data analysis. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour lab per week. Prerequisite: CHEM-162 Alternate years: offered 2019-2020 (Cross-listed as ENVR-320)

CHEM-350 Introduction to Quantum and Statistical Mechanics

Credits: 3 Term Offered: May Term

This course is an introduction to quantum theory and statistical mechanics with an emphasis on their application to spectroscopy and thermodynamic properties. Students will be introduced to and perform relevant calculations. The results of these calculations will then be used to introduce and develop the theory behind various spectroscopic techniques as well as develop the relationships between statistical mechanics and thermodynamic properties. Students will also gain hands-on experience working with several spectroscopic instruments. Prerequisites: CHEM-162; and MATH-130 or MATH-132 Alternate years: offered 2020-2021

CHEM/BIOL-355 Biochemistry I

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Introduction to the major biomolecular compound classes, including carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids, along with a survey of enzyme kinetics and the overall regulation of key metabolic pathways. Three lectures per week. Prerequisite: CHEM-250 or CHEM-306/310 (Cross-listed as BIOL-355)

-or-

CHEM/BIOL-356 Biochemistry I With Lab

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Fall Only

Introduction to the major biomolecular compound classes, including carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids, along with a survey of enzyme kinetics and the overall regulation of key metabolic pathways. Three lectures and one lab per week. Prerequisite: CHEM-250 or CHEM-306/310 (Cross-listed as BIOL-356)

CHEM-360 Advanced Organic Chemistry

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Molecular orbital theory, reaction kinetics, and organic name reactions. Three hours of lecture per week. Prerequisite: CHEM-306 or CHEM-310 Alternate years: offered 2020-2021

CHEM-365 Computational Chemistry

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Designed to introduce students to the fundamental principles and techniques of computational chemistry. Approaches to be discussed include molecular mechanics, molecular dynamics, and density functional theory, among others. Discussion will focus on supporting, not replacing, the work of traditional synthetic chemists, and particular attention will be paid to the strengths/limitations of each technique for one or more specific purposes. Students will learn to model molecular systems and to critically analyze a potential energy surface, identifying local and global minima and the transition states between them. The application of these tools in ligand design and drug discovery will be a key component. Prerequisites: CHEM-306 or CHEM-310 Alternate years: offered 2018-2019

CHEM-370 Advanced Inorganic Chemistry

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Spring Only

Physical properties, electronic structure, and reactivity of transition metal compounds. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour lab per week. Prerequisite: CHEM-306 or CHEM-310 Alternate years: offered 2018-2019

CHEM-380 Instrumental Analysis

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Fall Only

Exposure to methods of quantitation, signal-to- noise enhancement, instrumental design and function, methods of spectroscopy, chromatography, electroanalytical analysis, and mass spectrometry. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour lab per week. Prerequisite: CHEM-250 or CHEM-305 (Cross-listed as ENVR-380)

CHEM-425 Physical Chemistry II

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Physical states of solution systems- thermodynamics, equilibria, reaction rates, electrochemistry, and photochemistry. Three hours of lecture per week. Prerequisites: CHEM-415, MATH-132 and PHYS-222, or permission of instructor Offered alternate years Credit may not be received for both CHEM-425 and CHEM-427 Alternate years: offered 2019-2020

CHEM-427 Physical Chemistry of Solutions with Laboratory

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Spring Only

Physical states of chemical systems- thermodynamics, equilibria, reaction rates, electrochemistry, and photochemistry- with lab examination of reactions in multicomponent systems. Three hours of lecture and four hours of lab work per week. Prerequisites for CHEM-415, MATH-132 and PHYS-222, or permission of instructor. Offered alternate years Credit may not be received for both CHEM-425 and CHEM-427 Alternate years: offered 2019-2020

CHEM-435 Advanced Physical Chemistry

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Atomic structure and chemical bonding, based on applications of Schroedinger's Equation to structures of chemical interest. Three hours of lecture per week. Prerequisite: CHEM-425 or CHEM-427 or permission of the instructor Offered as needed

CHEM/BIOL-455 Biochemistry II

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

A continuation of the topics covered in Biochemistry I, with special attention paid to the classic chemical reactions at work in biological systems. The intersection of biochemical principles with such applications as drug discovery and computational modeling will be emphasized as a mechanism for understanding the fundamental relationship between structure and function. Three lectures per week. Prerequisite: BIOL/CHEM-355 or BIOL/CHEM-356 (Cross-listed as BIOL-455)

Physical Chemistry Minor

Degree Type Offered: Minor

Consists of 32 credit hours including the following courses:

CHEM-161 General Chemistry I

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Principles of chemistry including stoichiometry, states of matter, atomic and molecular structure, chemical bonding, periodicity, energy relationships and equilibria, acid-base chemistry, electrochemistry, kinetics, solubility, thermodynamics, kinetic molecular theory of gases, and the systematic study of families of elements. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour laboratory per week. Prerequisite: MATH-110, MATH-115 or MATH-118 FILA general education: natural and physical sciences Credit may not be received for both CHEM-125 and CHEM-161

CHEM-162 General Chemistry II

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Principles of chemistry including stoichiometry, states of matter, atomic and molecular structure, chemical bonding, periodicity, energy relationships and equilibria, acid-base chemistry, electrochemistry, kinetics, solubility, thermodynamics, kinetic molecular theory of gases, and the systematic study of families of elements. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour lab per week. Prerequisites: CHEM-161 or permission of the instructor FILA general education: natural and physical sciences Credit may not be received for both CHEM-125 and CHEM-161

CHEM-305 Organic Chemistry I

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Fall Only

Structure, nomenclature, reaction mechanisms, synthesis, and identification of organic molecules. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour lab per week. Prerequisite: CHEM-162 or permission of the instructor Credit cannot be earned for both CHEM-250 and CHEM-305

CHEM-415 Physical Chemistry I

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Thermodynamics, equilibrium, chemical structures and reaction rates as applied to biological systems and macromolecules. Three of lecture per week. Prerequisites: CHEM-306 or CHEM-310, MATH-130 or MATH-131, or permission of instructor Alternate years: offered 2019-2020

CHEM-425 Physical Chemistry II

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Physical states of solution systems- thermodynamics, equilibria, reaction rates, electrochemistry, and photochemistry. Three hours of lecture per week. Prerequisites: CHEM-415, MATH-132 and PHYS-222, or permission of instructor Offered alternate years Credit may not be received for both CHEM-425 and CHEM-427 Alternate years: offered 2019-2020

MATH-131 Calculus I

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Study of differential calculus of a single variable. Applications of the derivative are made to curve sketching, max-min problems, and linear approximation, and I'Hopital's Rule. Also included are applications of the Intermediate Value Theorem and Mean Value Theorem. Credit may not be received for both MATH 130 and 131. Prerequisites: MATH-120 or satisfactory performance on placement test

MATH-132 Calculus II

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Study of integral calculus of a single variable. Included are techniques of integration and numerical methods of integration. Applications of the integral are made to computing area, volume, arc length, and selected topics. Prerequisite: MATH-131

PHYS-221 General Physics I

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Fall Only

During the first term: Kinematics, Newton's laws of motion, conservation laws, rotational motion, periodic motion, and fluid mechanics. During the second term: Thermodynamics, electricity, magnetism, optics and modern physics. A combination of lectures and learning by inquiry are employed. Computers are used for data acquisition, data analysis, and mathematical modeling. Three hours in class, one hour in recitation and two hours in lab per week. Prerequisite: MATH-130 or MATH-132 or concurrent enrollment in MATH-131, MATH-132 respectively.

PHYS-222 General Physics II

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Spring Only

During the first term: Kinematics, Newton's laws of motion, conservation laws, rotational motion, periodic motion, and fluid mechanics. During the second term: Thermodynamics, electricity, magnetism, optics and modern physics. A combination of lectures and learning by inquiry are employed. Computers are used for data acquisition, data analysis, and mathematical modeling. Three hours in class, one hour in recitation and two hours in lab per week. Prerequisite: a minimum grade of C- in PHYS-221 FILA general education: natural and physical sciences

General Education Requirement

The following courses satisfy Bridgewater College’s general education requirement for natural and physical sciences:

CHEM-102 Earth and its Environment

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

The history of the earth and its place in the universe, geologic processes, environmental problems and weather. Three hours of lecture and one two-hour lab per week. Field trips may be taken during lab. Corequisites: MATH-110, MATH-115 or MATH-118 FILA general education: natural and physical sciences

CHEM-161 General Chemistry I

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Principles of chemistry including stoichiometry, states of matter, atomic and molecular structure, chemical bonding, periodicity, energy relationships and equilibria, acid-base chemistry, electrochemistry, kinetics, solubility, thermodynamics, kinetic molecular theory of gases, and the systematic study of families of elements. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour laboratory per week. Prerequisite: MATH-110, MATH-115 or MATH-118 FILA general education: natural and physical sciences Credit may not be received for both CHEM-125 and CHEM-161

GEOL-130 Physical Geology

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

This course is an overview of the history of the earth and its structure, earth materials, the rock cycle, internal processes (the tectonic cycle, volcanoes, and earthquakes), external processes (the hydrologic cycle, weathering, and soils), and environmental concerns (groundwater, surface water, pollution, and remediation) with fairly detailed coverage of the processes. Three hours of lecture and one two-hour lab per week. Field trips may be taken during lab. Corequisites: MATH-110, MATH-115 or MATH-118 FILA general education: natural and physical sciences

Chemistry Course Prerequisites

MATH-110 or MATH-118 is a prerequisite for CHEM-125.
MATH-110 is a prerequisite for any CHEM course numbered above 125.
MATH-130 or MATH-131 is a prerequisite for all CHEM courses numbered 350 or above.

Courses

CHEM-100 Murder They Wrote

Credits: 3 Term Offered: May Term

Examination of various poisons both from a historical perspective and how they have been depicted in literature and movies.

CHEM-102 Earth and its Environment

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

The history of the earth and its place in the universe, geologic processes, environmental problems and weather. Three hours of lecture and one two-hour lab per week. Field trips may be taken during lab. Corequisites: MATH-110, MATH-115 or MATH-118 FILA general education: natural and physical sciences

CHEM-110 Introduction to Medicinal Chemistry

Credits: 3 Term Offered: May Term

Introduction to the principles and practices of medicinal chemistry including insight into the development of new therapeutic compounds, the time line and steps involved with FDA approval, and the common causes for side effects and other downstream problems associated with a drug's public release.

CHEM-121 Energy & the Environment

Credits: 3 Term Offered: May Term

Benefits and problems associated with various methods of energy generation. Field trips are scheduled to the North Anna Nuclear Power plant, a hydroelectric plant, and a coal-fired power plant.

CHEM-122 Science & Pseudoscience

Credits: 3 Term Offered: May Term

Examination of rational and skeptical thinking as applied to scientific and pseudoscientific phenomena. Explorations of such topics as unidentified flying objects, the Bermuda Triangle, and "Chariots of the Gods" are given, via lectures by the instructor and individual student presentations.

CHEM-125 Fundamentals of Inorganic Chemistry

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Fall Only

Basic principles of structure, composition and reactions of matter. Designed as a survey course for health science majors. Does not satisfy requirements for majors in Biology or Chemistry. Three hours of lecture and one two-hour laboratory per week. Prerequisites: MATH-110 or MATH-118 FILA general education: natural & physical sciences Credit may not be received for both CHEM-125 and CHEM-161

CHEM-161 General Chemistry I

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Principles of chemistry including stoichiometry, states of matter, atomic and molecular structure, chemical bonding, periodicity, energy relationships and equilibria, acid-base chemistry, electrochemistry, kinetics, solubility, thermodynamics, kinetic molecular theory of gases, and the systematic study of families of elements. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour laboratory per week. Prerequisite: MATH-110, MATH-115 or MATH-118 FILA general education: natural and physical sciences Credit may not be received for both CHEM-125 and CHEM-161

CHEM-162 General Chemistry II

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Principles of chemistry including stoichiometry, states of matter, atomic and molecular structure, chemical bonding, periodicity, energy relationships and equilibria, acid-base chemistry, electrochemistry, kinetics, solubility, thermodynamics, kinetic molecular theory of gases, and the systematic study of families of elements. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour lab per week. Prerequisites: CHEM-161 or permission of the instructor FILA general education: natural and physical sciences Credit may not be received for both CHEM-125 and CHEM-161

CHEM-250 Fundamental Organic Chemistry

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Spring Only

Overview of the functional groups and reactivity of organic molecules using biological examples. Three hours of lecture and one two-hour lab per week. Prerequisites: CHEM-125 or CHEM-162 Credit may not be received for both CHEM-250 and CHEM-305

CHEM-270 Chemistry of the Environment

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Spring Only

This course is designed to introduce students to the chemical principles underlying environmental issues, scientific literacy pertinent to the environment and scientific articles, and examine the implications of environmental policy. Prerequisites: CHEM-125 or CHEM-162 (Cross-listed as ENVR-270)

CHEM-305 Organic Chemistry I

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Fall Only

Structure, nomenclature, reaction mechanisms, synthesis, and identification of organic molecules. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour lab per week. Prerequisite: CHEM-162 or permission of the instructor Credit cannot be earned for both CHEM-250 and CHEM-305

CHEM-306 Organic Chemistry II

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Spring Only

Structure, nomenclature, reaction mechanisms, synthesis, and identification of organic molecules. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour lab per week. Prerequisite: CHEM-305

CHEM-308 Organic Spectroscopy

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Fall Only

Study and interpretation of spectra as applied to organic chemistry. Infrared spectroscopy, proton and carbon nuclear magnetic resonance, ultraviolet spectroscopy, and mass spectrometry. One hour of lecture and laboratory per week. Prerequisite: permission of instructor

CHEM-310 Organic Chemistry II & Spectroscopy

Credits: 5 Term Offered: Spring Only

A continuation of organic chemistry started in CHEM-305, including a study of the interpretation of infrared spectroscopy, proton and carbon NMR, UV-visible spectroscopy, and mass spectrometry. The lab will be an introduction to chemical research that includes research methods and techniques through a series of experiments. Prerequisite: CHEM-305 Credit may not be received for both CHEM-306 and CHEM-310, or for both CHEM-308 and CHEM-310

CHEM-320 Analytical Environmental Chemistry

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Spring Only

The chemistry and quantitative aspects of environmentally important cycles (C, N, O, P, S) in the context of the atmosphere, hydrosphere and lithosphere. Major environmental issues are discussed such as acid rain, sewage treatment, ozone destruction, anthropogenic climate change, air pollution and eutrophication. Laboratories involve sampling, quantitative detection and data analysis. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour lab per week. Prerequisite: CHEM-162 Alternate years: offered 2019-2020 (Cross-listed as ENVR-320)

CHEM-350 Introduction to Quantum and Statistical Mechanics

Credits: 3 Term Offered: May Term

This course is an introduction to quantum theory and statistical mechanics with an emphasis on their application to spectroscopy and thermodynamic properties. Students will be introduced to and perform relevant calculations. The results of these calculations will then be used to introduce and develop the theory behind various spectroscopic techniques as well as develop the relationships between statistical mechanics and thermodynamic properties. Students will also gain hands-on experience working with several spectroscopic instruments. Prerequisites: CHEM-162; and MATH-130 or MATH-132 Alternate years: offered 2020-2021

CHEM-355 Biochemistry I

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Introduction to the major biomolecular compound classes, including carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids, along with a survey of enzyme kinetics and the overall regulation of key metabolic pathways. Three lectures per week. Prerequisite: CHEM-250 or CHEM-306/310 (Cross-listed as BIOL-355)

CHEM-356 Biochemistry I With Lab

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Fall Only

Introduction to the major biomolecular compound classes, including carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids, along with a survey of enzyme kinetics and the overall regulation of key metabolic pathways. Three lectures and one lab per week. Prerequisite: CHEM-250 or CHEM-306/310 (Cross-listed as BIOL-356)

CHEM-360 Advanced Organic Chemistry

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Molecular orbital theory, reaction kinetics, and organic name reactions. Three hours of lecture per week. Prerequisite: CHEM-306 or CHEM-310 Alternate years: offered 2020-2021

CHEM-365 Computational Chemistry

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Designed to introduce students to the fundamental principles and techniques of computational chemistry. Approaches to be discussed include molecular mechanics, molecular dynamics, and density functional theory, among others. Discussion will focus on supporting, not replacing, the work of traditional synthetic chemists, and particular attention will be paid to the strengths/limitations of each technique for one or more specific purposes. Students will learn to model molecular systems and to critically analyze a potential energy surface, identifying local and global minima and the transition states between them. The application of these tools in ligand design and drug discovery will be a key component. Prerequisites: CHEM-306 or CHEM-310 Alternate years: offered 2018-2019

CHEM-370 Advanced Inorganic Chemistry

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Spring Only

Physical properties, electronic structure, and reactivity of transition metal compounds. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour lab per week. Prerequisite: CHEM-306 or CHEM-310 Alternate years: offered 2018-2019

CHEM-380 Instrumental Analysis

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Fall Only

Exposure to methods of quantitation, signal-to- noise enhancement, instrumental design and function, methods of spectroscopy, chromatography, electroanalytical analysis, and mass spectrometry. Three hours of lecture and one four-hour lab per week. Prerequisite: CHEM-250 or CHEM-305 (Cross-listed as ENVR-380)

CHEM-415 Physical Chemistry I

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Thermodynamics, equilibrium, chemical structures and reaction rates as applied to biological systems and macromolecules. Three of lecture per week. Prerequisites: CHEM-306 or CHEM-310, MATH-130 or MATH-131, or permission of instructor Alternate years: offered 2019-2020

CHEM-425 Physical Chemistry II

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

Physical states of solution systems- thermodynamics, equilibria, reaction rates, electrochemistry, and photochemistry. Three hours of lecture per week. Prerequisites: CHEM-415, MATH-132 and PHYS-222, or permission of instructor Offered alternate years Credit may not be received for both CHEM-425 and CHEM-427 Alternate years: offered 2019-2020

CHEM-427 Physical Chemistry of Solutions with Laboratory

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Spring Only

Physical states of chemical systems- thermodynamics, equilibria, reaction rates, electrochemistry, and photochemistry- with lab examination of reactions in multicomponent systems. Three hours of lecture and four hours of lab work per week. Prerequisites for CHEM-415, MATH-132 and PHYS-222, or permission of instructor. Offered alternate years Credit may not be received for both CHEM-425 and CHEM-427 Alternate years: offered 2019-2020

CHEM-435 Advanced Physical Chemistry

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall Only

Atomic structure and chemical bonding, based on applications of Schroedinger's Equation to structures of chemical interest. Three hours of lecture per week. Prerequisite: CHEM-425 or CHEM-427 or permission of the instructor Offered as needed

CHEM-450 Special Topics

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

Devoted to a subject taken from a field of chemistry not otherwise covered in the curriculum. If a different topic is offered, the course may be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor

CHEM-451 Advanced Chemical Techniques I

Credits: 2 Term Offered: Fall Only

A year-long project in collaboration with a member of the Chemistry faculty. One hour lecture and a minimum of eight hours of lab per week. Prerequisite: Senior standing or permission of the department

CHEM-452 Advanced Chemical Techniques II

Credits: 2 Term Offered: Spring Only

A year-long project in collaboration with a member of the Chemistry faculty. One hour lecture and a minimum of eight hours of lab per week. Prerequisite: Senior standing or permission of the department and CHEM-451

CHEM-455 Biochemistry II

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

A continuation of the topics covered in Biochemistry I, with special attention paid to the classic chemical reactions at work in biological systems. The intersection of biochemical principles with such applications as drug discovery and computational modeling will be emphasized as a mechanism for understanding the fundamental relationship between structure and function. Three lectures per week. Prerequisite: BIOL/CHEM-355 or BIOL/CHEM-356 (Cross-listed as BIOL-455)

CHEM-461 Independent Laboratory Research

Credits: 1 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

An open-ended laboratory research project with a member of the Chemistry faculty. A minimum of five hours of laboratory work per week. Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. May be repeated as necessary for credit.

CHEM-462 Independent Laboratory Research

Credits: 2 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

An open-ended laboratory research project with a member of the Chemistry faculty. A minimum of ten hours of laboratory work per week. Prerequisite: Permission of the instructor. May be repeated as necessary for credit.

CHEM-480 Internship

Credits: 3 Term Offered: All Terms

Provides an opportunity for a student to gain field experience in an area related to the student's concentration or career goals. Supervision of an intern is provided by an appropriate faculty member and by a staff member of the agency or business in which the student is an intern. A student who wishes to engage in an internship must consult with the appropriate faculty member at least eight weeks in advance of the start of the term in which the internship is to be completed. A description of the internship, signed by the student and the faculty sponsor, must be filed with the director of internships by the first day of the semester prior to the start of the internship. Approval of each application for an internship is made by the director of internships based upon policies and guidelines as approved by the Council on Education and the faculty. To be considered for an internship, a student must have junior or senior status and at least a 2.00 grade point average. Internships are graded on an S or U basis. A student may enroll in an internship program for 3 credits per semester, and internship credit may be earned in subsequent semesters subject to the limitations that no more than two internships may be pursued in any one agency or business and a maximum of 9 credits in internships may be applied toward graduation.

CHEM-490 Independent Study

Credits: 3 Term Offered: All Terms

Upon approval of the department and the division head, a student with a cumulative grade point average of 2.20 or better may engage in an independent study or research project. One desiring to pursue independent study or research must submit a written description of the proposed work to the chair of the appropriate department and to the appropriate division head prior to the last day of the drop and add period for the semester in which the study is to be conducted. At the end of the semester, the supervising professor files with the registrar a grade for the student and a description of the work accomplished. Credit may be received for not more than three independent studies or research projects.

CHEM-491 Research

Credits: 3 Term Offered: All Terms

Upon approval of the department and the division head, a student with a cumulative grade point average of 2.20 or better may engage in an independent study or research project. One desiring to pursue independent study or research must submit a written description of the proposed work to the chair of the appropriate department and to the appropriate division head prior to the last day of the drop and add period for the semester in which the study is to be conducted. At the end of the semester, the supervising professor files with the registrar a grade for the student and a description of the work accomplished. Credit may be received for not more than three independent studies or research projects.

CHEM-499 Honors Project

Credits: 3 Term Offered: All Terms

An honors project is one in which a student researches a subject, by examination of relevant literature or by experimentation or both; the student reports the results in an accurately documented and well-written paper or appropriate representation of the work. Whenever the study deals with the subject of an established course, the student is expected to go well beyond the usual work of the course in research and in assimilation of the results as revealed in the report. Juniors and seniors with a cumulative grade point average of 3.40 or above may register for an honors project. One desiring to pursue an honors project must submit a written description of his or her proposed work to the chair of the appropriate department and to the appropriate division head prior to the last day of the drop and add period for the semester in which the study is to be conducted. Upon the completion of the Honors Project, the student must present an oral defense of his or her project. The final grade must include a satisfactory performance on the oral defense, assessed by a three-faculty member team. The Project Advisor will authorize the make-up of the oral defense team and will assign the final grade on the project. The honors project title will be noted on the student's transcript. It is the student's responsibility to provide a copy of the written paper or appropriate representation of the work to the library in compliance with specifications approved by the Council on Education. The library director arranges for binding and storage.

GEOL-130 Physical Geology

Credits: 4 Term Offered: Fall and Spring

This course is an overview of the history of the earth and its structure, earth materials, the rock cycle, internal processes (the tectonic cycle, volcanoes, and earthquakes), external processes (the hydrologic cycle, weathering, and soils), and environmental concerns (groundwater, surface water, pollution, and remediation) with fairly detailed coverage of the processes. Three hours of lecture and one two-hour lab per week. Field trips may be taken during lab. Corequisites: MATH-110, MATH-115 or MATH-118 FILA general education: natural and physical sciences

GEOL-330 Soil and Hydrogeology

Credits: 3 Term Offered: Spring Only

This course is a study of the environment on the Earth's surface, the boundary between the solid and liquid, and interactions between rock and water. This will include weathering and the formation of soil, and the flow of water at the surface and below ground level. Lab activities will include sampling and analysis of soil, surface water, and groundwater. Prerequisite: ENVR-301